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Egyptian Art

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Title: Egyptian Art


1
Egyptian Art
  • What kind of art did the Egyptians create?

2
When did the Egyptian Civilization take place?
  • The Old Kingdom
  • 2650-2134BC
  • The Middle Kingdom
  • 2040-1640
  • The New Kingdom
  • 1550-1070

So this artwork is anywhere from 4650-3070 years
old!
3
Why did Egyptians create art?
  • Geographic location created a surplus of food
    which allowed Egyptians to create art instead of
    hunting and gathering.
  • Strong religious beliefs also contributed to a
    influx of creating artifacts
  • Art and artifacts were also made to honor the
    Pharaoh (king)

4
What kind of art did they create?
  • Architecture-Pyramids were built
  • as tombs for pharoahs
  • Sarcophagi- Stone coffins
  • Sculptures- Carvings of pharaohs portraits
  • Paintings-These were
  • Actually painted, low relief
  • Sculptures on the walls of
  • tombs

5
Pyramids
  • The pyramids were used as entombment for the dead
    kings to provide protection and appropriate
    transformation into the afterlife for them and
    their belongings
  • Originally, Egyptians built low, flat tombs
  • called mastabas
  • These slowly transitioned into
  • stepped pyramids
  • Lastly, turned into
  • the true pyramid

6
The Great Pyramids at Giza
  • 2530-2470 BCE
  • 4th Dynasty
  • Giza
  • Some stones
  • weighed over 40 tons!
  • The stones were
  • floated on rafts down
  • the Nile
  • The largest, central
  • pyramid, covers 13 acres and is 55 stories high
  • It originally contained over 2 million blocks of
    limestone

7
  • The limestone and capstone were later stolen off
    the surface along with
  • the pyramids contents
  • The pyramids are
  • astonishing in size and
  • mathematical precision
  • The four sides are
  • perfectly oriented with the
  • four cardinal
  • directions
  • Each side is 230 meters long
  • with only centimeters of difference
  • The pyramids were built by slaves and paid
    laborers who were faithful to their kings.

8
Summary
  • Use key vocab words from the lesson today
    (pharaoh, mastaba, pyramid, tomb) and others we
    may have used today that were in your Alphabox to
    write a 3-5 sentence summary in the JOURNAL
    section of your notebook.

9
Tutankhamen Mummy Case
  • 1352 BCE
  • Gold inlaid with enamel and semiprecious stones
  • The tomb of Tutankhamun contained four gilded
    shrines nested one inside the other in order of
    decreasing size. Inside the innermost shrine was
    a red quartzite sarcophagus which protected three
    anthropoid coffins (man-shaped). The first two
    coffins were made of gilded wood but the final
    coffin was made of solid gold. The solid gold
    coffin housed the mummy of King Tut and his
    fabulous golden death mask.
  • 73 high
  • Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • His modern fame and popularity stems from the
    fact that his tomb in the Valley of the Kings was
    discovered almost completely intact, and is still
    the most complete ancient Egyptian tomb ever yet
    found.
  • Ruled from age 9-19

10
Sculptures
  • Sculptors were commanded to carve pharaoh's
    portrait incase their mummified bodies were
    destroyed
  • The sculpture would serve as a place for their
    ka, or soul to live
  • Egyptian sculpture is characterized by (1)
    compactness (2) symmetry of form and (3) its
    block-like shape
  • Queen
    Nefertiti

11
The Seated Khafre
  • Khafre (Chefren or Chephren) Dynasty 3,
    c2570-2544 BCE
  • Solid-Blocklike form
  • Head is simplified (stylized)
  • Seated on a throne
  • Example of In-the-Round sculpture
  • In- the Round sculpture
  • Free-standing sculpture, sculpture that is
    surrounded on all sides, except the base, by
    space. It is also known as sculpture "in the
    round", and is meant to be viewed from any angle

12
Relief Sculpture and Painting
  • low relief is the quality of a projecting image
    where the overall depth is shallow. The
    background is very compressed or completely flat,
    as on most coins, on which all images are in
    low-relief.
  • Covered the walls of tombs
  • The figures are placed in
  • registers- a series of horizontal
  • bands
  • Descriptive perspective-
  • most important figures are
  • shown larger than less
  • important ones
  • (to show social status)

13
  • These paintings followed very specific rules
  • Every part of the body must be depicted in the
    most familiar point of view.
  • Twisted perspective-Many
  • legs, arms, and faces are in
  • profile but with the shoulders
  • and eyes seen from the front
  • turned toward the viewer
  • Therefore the body looked
  • distorted
  • They did this so that the Ka
  • could recognize their bodies

14
Hieroglyphics
  • Hieroglyphics (a form of picture writing) were
    used
  • in the paintings to help tell the story
  • Hieroglyphics was also used for cartouches
  • A cartouche was an oval circle with a name
    written in
  • it like a nameplate
  • In the early days of ancient Egypt, a cartouche
    was
  • attached to the coffins of kings and queens. As
    time
  • went on, many people hired an artist to create a
  • cartouche for their own coffins. 
    Reign of Akhenaten,
    13531336 B.C.
  • The ancient Egyptians believed that you had to
    have
  • your name written down somewhere, so that you
    would
  • not disappear when you died.
  • Today many people have golden cartouche
  • Necklaces made to wear
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