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The Presidents of the United States

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Title: The Presidents of the United States


1
The Presidents of the United States
2
George Washington 1788-1796
George Washington led
the Colonial Army in their revolt against
Britain. After the war, some in Congress
wanted to make Washington king. With the new
constitution, adopted in 1787, Washington was
elected president. Being the first, all eyes
were on him. How would he want people to address
him and how would he run the Executive
Department. Washington created the first
cabinet positions and also signed the Judicary
Act.
3
John Adams 1796-1800
John Adams is
considered by many to be the person
most responsible for convincing the
Continental Congress to break away from
Britain. The Undeclared War occurred
during Adams presidency. It was also during this
time that the Alien and Sedition Acts were
passed. Adams and Jefferson continued to be at
odds and both ran against each other in the
election of 1800. With the loss, Adams returned
home. John Adams died on July 4, 1826 the 50th
year anniversary of the signing of the
Declaration of Independence.
4

Thomas Jefferson 1800-1808
Jefferson was a politician, writer,
scientist, and slave owner. He was the main
writer of the Declaration of Independence.
As president, he had a wine bill of over
11,000 and sometimes even met foreign amassadors
in a wine stained coat. During his Presidency,
Jefferson sent the Navy out to destroy the
Barbary Pirates, purchased the Louisiana
Territory, and sent the Lewis and Clark
Expedition out. Jefferson freed his slaves
after his death. Some believe he fathered a child
from a slave. Like John Adams, Jefferson died on
July 4, 1826, the 50th year anniversary of the
Declaration of Independence.
5
James Madison 1808-1816
James Madison is considered the Father of
the Constitution. During his presidency,
Americas Second Revolutionary War occurred (War
of 1812). As the British burned Washington D.C.
Madisons wife Dolly saved Much of the art work
in the White House before fleeing for Her life.
6
James Monroe 1816-1824
Monroes Presidency was called the era
of good feeling. The U.S. entered a period of
a 75 years of isolationism. He did issue the
Monroe Doctrine which told Europeans to stay out
of Western Hemisphere affairs. Monroe was The
last president to have been directly involved in
the Revolutionary War. The Erie Canal was built
during this time and the Missouri Compromise was
agreed to by Northern and Southern leaders.
7
These are the US Presidents all lined up in a
row!
8
John Quincy Adams 1824-1828
The son of John Adams, John Quincy
actually lost the popular and electoral vote to
Andy Jackson. Because there was no clear
majority the House decided the election and voted
for Adams. Not very popular because of the
election results, John Q. Adams lost
his reelection bid. Returning home he represented
Mass. In Congress. In 1838 John Adams Represented
the Africans in the Supreme Court in the famous
Amestad Case. Jackson dueled with Charles
Dickenson after Dickenson insulted
Jacksons wife.
9
Andrew Jackson 1828-1836
Andrew Jackson was probably one of the
most stubborn presidents in history. He should
have been impeached for his removal of the
Indians in Georgia in the famous Trail of
Tears. During the War of 1812 he became famous
for capturing New Orleans even though the war
was over when the battle occurred. Hating the
National Bank Jackson removed all government
money out and put it in local banks triggering
inflation and eventually a Depression. He
started the Spoils System and the Kitchen
Cabinet. Jackson died when on a hot summer day he
ate to many cherries and the gas attack killed
him.
10
Martin Van Buren 1836-1840
Van Buren was Jacksons hand picked
successor which meant that everything he did he
would be compared to the popular Andy Jackson.
Even though the Panic of 1838 was not his making
(Jackson), he was the president and had to
assume responsibility in the eyes of the people.
He was President during the famous Amestad
Case. No hand picked successor has ever been
reelected.
11
William Harrison 1840-1840
Tippicanoe became famous in the
early Indian Wars when he defeated the
famous Chief Pontiac. At the treaty signing
a Shaman told Harrison he would become leader
of his people and while leader he will die and
that every 20 years the leader chosen by the
American people will die. Harrison was elected in
1840 and died 45 days later of the flu because
he gave a 3 hour inauguration speech in freezing
weather. In the elections of 1860, 1880, 1900,
1920, 1940 and 1960 that president never finished
the term. ended the streak when he was elected
in 1980.
12
John Tyler 1840-1844
Tippicanoe and Tyler To was the campaign
slogan in the election of 1840. When Harrison
died people started asking Tyler Who?
Tyler will be the first Vice-President to become
president upon the death or resignation of the
president elect. The question that needed to be
answered was is Tyler a caretaker with
congress dictating policy or is Tyler actually
the president. Tyler decided he was president
according to the constitution. During a Navy
parade on the Potomac River, the guns on the
ships went off and landed on a dock killing
Tylers Father-in-Law.
13
James K. Polk 1844-1848
5440 or Fight and Texas Annexation
were the campaign slogans of Polk. The
crying call of Manifest Destiny could be heard as
Polk took office. Wanting to serve only one term
Polk accomplished a lot. He forced war with
Mexico, getting all the of Southwest as a prize.
Polk convinced congress to annex Texas as a
State. In an agreement with Britain, the border
between the United States and Canada was set at
the 49th parallel from the Rocky Mountains to
the Pacific. Just before he left office gold was
discovered in California.
14
Zachary Taylor 1848-1850
Zachary Taylor became famous as a result of the
Mexican War. He survived two years into his
presidency. He was only the second president to
die in office. In the 1990s his relatives
allowed his remains to be dug up to test for
arsenic. the fear was Taylor was poisoned which
ended up being False.
15
Millard Fillmore 1850-1852
Taking Zachary Taylors place, Filmore is
most Remembered for the Compromise of 1850.
16
Franklin Pierce 1852-1856
Just before Pierce took office his 11 year old
son was killed in a train wreck. His most notable
accomplishment was The Kansas-Nebraska Act.
17
James Buchanan 1856-1860
Buchanan was the last president of a
unified country prior to the Civil War. His
opponent, John C. Fremont, was the
first Republican to run for the presidency. Even
though Fremont lost, he did win the Northern
States thus telling Southerner's that in the
election of 1860 they could be in trouble. Some
say Buchanan was our only gay president. They
say his girl friend committed suicide when he
wrote her telling her he was gay. There are also
letters to his boyfriend.
18
Abraham Lincoln 1860-1865
Abraham Lincolns goal was to preserve
the union and if that meant the continuation of
slavery then so be it, but the South wasnt
buying it. Shortly after his victory South
Carolina led the Southern States in seceding
from the Union. Lincoln knew how he wanted to
win the war, firing 4 generals before he came up
with U.S. Grant. When the war was over,
Lincoln wanted the South to easily come back into
the Union but He was killed before he could
implement it. He carried letters and bills in his
stove pipe hat.
19
Andrew Johnson 1865-1868
Taking Lincolns place as president he
fought the Radical Republicans on their idea
about the South. Fearing they would have
problems with Johnson, the Radicals passed the
Tenure in Office Act and when Johnson did not
oblige they impeached him. By one vote, Johnson
was saved from removal from office.
20
Ulysses S. Grant 1868-1876
Grant won the presidency because he was
The Hero of the Civil War. But Grant would
not make a good president. A heavy drinker,
Grant was taken advantage of by his aides.
During his two terms the transcontinental
railroad was finished, Custers Last Stand
occurred and the U.S. celebrated its
100th Anniversary. Grant once got a ticket for
speeding on a horse. He was born Hiram Ulysses
Grant but changed it Because of H.U.G
21
Rutherford B. Hayes 1876-1880
Rutherford B. Hayes was involved in one of
the most controversial elections in U.S.
History. Sam Tilden won the popular vote and
and needed only one electoral vote to win clear
majority. There were 20 electoral votes in
dispute and historians say Tilden had clear
evidence of winning some. But the
Electoral Commission gave all the electoral votes
to Hayes and thus the election. The South was
furious but agreed to let Hayes become president
if Reconstruction ended.
22
James Garfield 1880-1881
Garfield wasnt president very long. He
was president long enough to ask
Lincolns son, Robert, to the White House to tell
Garfield all the details he could about his
fathers assassination. Shortly afterward
Garfield himself was assassinated. Being
ambidextrous and bilingual, Garfield could write
Greek with one hand while writing Latin with the
other hand.
23
Chester A. Arthur 1881-1884
Arthur knew he had a fatal kidney infection
within one year after taking office and kept it a
secret. He is most Known for signing the
Pendleton Act.
24
Grover Cleveland 1884-1888 1892-1896
Grover Cleveland is the only president to
have won an election lost the next
election and then come back four years
later to win again. What Happened? It might have
been the fact that he raised his best friends
daughter and then married her in a lavish White
House ceremony. People loved her but word came
out that Grover abused her. When he lost the
election Mrs. Cleveland told the Maids to keep
every thing clean because they would be back. And
so they were. Or did he lose because of his
rubber jaw?
25
Benjamin Harrison 1888-1892
Benjamin Harrisons grandfather was
William Harrison. Benjamin was once a
Prosecuting Attorney in Chicago. His job was to
find people who were stealing cadavers. The
cadavers were used by medical students for
practice. When he broke in to one operation he
found out that one of the cadavers was
his Grandfather. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was
passed during his four years in office.
26
Grover Cleveland 1884-1888 1892-1896
Grover Cleveland is the only president to
have won an election lost the next
election and then come back four years
later to win again. What Happened? It might have
been the fact that he raised his best friends
daughter and then married her in a lavish White
House ceremony. People loved her but word came
out that Grover abused her. When he lost the
election Mrs. Cleveland told the Maids to keep
every thing clean because they would be back. And
so they were. Or did he lose because of his
rubber jaw?
27
William McKinley 1896-1891
McKinley took the United States out of
its isolationist beliefs when he asked
Congress for a declaration of war against
Spain. The Spanish-American War got the U.S.
involved in the Imperialistic movement of the
time. Winning reelection McKinley will the the
3rd president that is assassinated.
28
Teddy Roosevelt 1891-1908
Roosevelt became famous when he led the Rough
Riders up San Juan hill. Roosevelt became
known as Teddy the Trust Buster. He was the
first president to use a telephone and ride in
a submarine. Roosevelt supported Panamas
independence from Colombia and the resulting
treaty allowed the U.S. to build the Panama
Canal. Roosevelt decided not to run for
reelection in 1908 but returned in 1912 to start
the Bull Moose Party costing Taft the election.
29
William Howard Taft 1908-1912
Taft never wanted to run for president but
his pushy wife convinced him to. Weighing
over 300 pounds Taft got stuck in the White House
bathtub and had a special oversized
tub installed. Taft is considered the first
golfing president. As hand picked successor of
Roosevelts he lost reelection. He later became
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
30
Woodrow Wilson 1912-1920
Woodrow
Wilson was elected because William Howard Taft
and Teddy Roosevelt split the Republican vote.
Wilson won re- election because he kept us out
of war. After his re-election, Wilson found
himself asking for U.S. participation in WW
I. After the war Wilson had a stroke while trying
to convince the American people to force the
Senate to support the Treaty of Versailles.
Wilsons wife protected him and in some respects
ran the Executive Department. During his tenure,
Wilson convinced Congress to create the Federal
Reserve System. He allowed sheep To grow on the
White House lawn giving profits to Red Cross.
31
Warren G. Harding 1920-1923
He wasnt a bad man. He was just simply a
slob. So said Teddy Roosevelts daughter at
the funeral of Warren Harding. His Ohio Gang was
involved in numerous scandals that came out after
his death (the Teapot Dome Scandal to name one).
He had an affair with a women who would bear him
a child and write a book about it after his
death. This is the first election in which women
were allowed to vote.
32
Calvin Coolidge 1923-1928
If there was a dime on the ground,
Coolidge would fight you for it. He was that
cheap. But he was also honest and that was a
great change. Coolidge believed in Laze-Faire
which would make him popular but hurt his
predecessor. The Roaring Twenties was a signature
of the Coolidge Prosperity. The radio, talkies,
sports, prohibition and the automobile all took
center stage during this time period
33
Herbert Hoover 1928-1932
A chicken in every pot and a car in
every garage. So said Hoover. What a
mistake. Less then one year after his famous
speech and becoming president, the Stock Market
Crashed and the country fell into its worst
depression in history. Was Hoover at fault? No,
but he was the president. He tried to get us out
of the Depression but it wasnt enough and
wasnt fast enough.
34
Franklin D. Roosevelt 1932-1945
Considered by most people, including
his mistress, the greatest president in the
history of the U.S. His Social Revolution of
government spending and debt might have saved the
Country. New Deal measures included minimum
wage, FDIC, and Social Security. Leading this
country in WW II, Roosevelt was the only
President to serve more then two terms. He
died after being reelected for the 4th time with
his mistress by his side.
35
Harry Truman 1945-1952
Shortly after becoming president,
Truman was told about the atomic bomb. He
will decide to drop it on Japan in hopes
of ending the war. Because of the fear of
Communism, Truman issued the Truman Doctrine
based on containing the communist. To help
Europe, Truman convinced Congress to pass the
Marshall Plan. In a bold move, Truman integrated
the military and recognized Israel. Not expected
to win in 1948, Truman surprised everyone. One
of his most famous decisions was to fire Gen.
MacArthur during the Korean War.
36
Dwight D. Eisenhower 1952-1960
The war hero Eisenhower ran and won the
election of 1952. His running mate was the
young and controversial Richard Nixon.
Eisenhower had a major heart attack during his
first term. It was also during his first term
that McCarthyism took place. When the Russians
sent up Sputnik, Americans panicked. Eisenhower
was the first president that could not run
for More then two terms.
37
These are the men who led our country within
their bounded power!
38
John F. Kennedy 1960-1963
What started out as Camelot ended in
tragedy for the youngest elected president.
Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon in, at that time,
the closest election in the history of the United
States. The Cuban Missile Crisis, The Berlin
Wall, The first Nuclear Test ban Treaty,
Civil Rights all took a back seat when on
November 22, 1963 three shots ran out in Dallas
and a dead president was the result.
39
Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1968
Guns and Butter. More guns (Vietnam)
means less butter (Social Programs). This
was Johnsons problem throughout his time
as president. Johnson pushed his Great Society
but always the Vietnam War was around. Running
for election in 1964 Johnson trumped up the Gulf
of Tonkin incident and convinced Congress to pass
the Tonkin Resolution. Hey, Hey LBJ, whose kid
did you kill today was the slogan for Vietnam
War protestors. After the Tet Offensive in 1968
Johnson decided not to run for a second full term.
40
Frost/Nixon
Richard Nixon 1968-1974
A Political Player from 1950-1974 it all
came crashing down on Richard Nixon because of
the Watergate Scandal. The Anti-Communist, he
became the first President to go to mainland
China and meet with Mao. He also signed the first
SALT agreement with the Soviet Union. A
very strong foreign policy president his downfall
started with his refusal to pull out of Vietnam.
I will not be the first president to lose a
war., was his fear. His fear ended up costing
him.
41
Gerald Ford 1974-1976
Gerald Ford is the first and only
non-elected president. He became Vice-President
when Spiro Agnew resigned and then became
President when Richard Nixon resigned. Wanting
the long nightmare to be over, Ford pardoned
Nixon and gave amnesty to draft dodgers. There
were two attempts on his life. One was by one of
Charlie Mansons girls. Gerald Fords first name
is actually Leslie. Ford was drafted by the
Green Bay Packers to pay football but declined
the offer.
42
Jimmy Carter 1976-1980
The man from Plains, Georgia
became president out of Americas want for
an outsider. And an outsider he was, which
caused him problems with all the
insiders. the highest inflation and interest
rates combined helped cause a deep Recession in
1980 and ultimately helped cost him the election
in 1980. Other reasons for not being reelected
was the Iran Hostage Crisis and Boycotting the
1980 Olympics.
43
Ronald Reagan 1980-1988
Nationalism and Patriotism jumped to
the forefront when Reagan was elected.
Reagans Evil Empire slogan
helped create the first START agreement.
Many admirers believe Ronald Reagan ended the
Soviet Bloc. Reagan was the oldest elected
president in history and the first former actor.
As a young life guard, Reagan rescued 77 people
from Drowning.
44
George H. Bush 1988-1992

45
Bill Clinton 1992-2000
46
George W. Bush 2000-2008
47
Barak Obama 2009-present
48
Maybe someday you!
49
 
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