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What does Islam teach about adultery and divorce?

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What does Islam teach about adultery and divorce? Starter: list the different reasons why relationships break up, or people might want a divorce. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What does Islam teach about adultery and divorce?


1
What does Islam teach about adultery and divorce?
  • Starter list the different reasons why
    relationships break up, or people might want a
    divorce.

2
Starter
  • Attitudes towards divorce have changed over the
    last 50 years. Why do you think this is the
    case?
  • What is your opinion on divorce?
  • In Pairs
  • Come up with reasons for this change

3
reflection
  • From what you know of Islamic practices and
    teachings about marriage and the family. What do
    you think Islam would teach about divorce?

4
By the end of the lesson you will
  • explain how divorce works in terms of the
    Islamic religion.
  • Have considered why divorce is frowned upon in
    terms of Muslim attitudes to marriage and the
    family.
  • Be able to give your own opinion about the
    fairness of divorce in Islam.

5
Islam and Adultery
  • Adultery (when a married person has an affair) is
    seen as the most dishonourable thing a man can
    do.
  • Adultery is seen to be the most dangerous threat
    to a family, often impossible to forgive as trust
    has been broken.
  • Men are forbidden to tempt a married woman and a
    wife should never betray her husbands trust. A
    good wife should prefer death to dishonour.

6
Penalties
  • Adultery is forbidden in The Quran, the
    punishments should be a flogging of 100 lashes,
    but this is not always used...
  • Shariah law treats adultery as a capital crime
    in other words it is punishable by death.
  • Either keep your wife honestly, or put her away
    from you with kindness. Do not force a woman to
    stay with you who wishes to leave. The man who
    does that only injuries himself Quran

7
Key words
  • Iddah This is a period of reflection that must
    take place before a divorce can happen. It
    normally lasts three months and gives the couple
    a chance to sort out their problems (reconcile).
  • Taalaq- The procedure of saying I divorce
    three times which ends a marriage.
  • Divorce by Khul A woman must put her case for
    divorce to a Shariah court. The only other way
    she can divorce is to have the right to do so
    written into her marriage contract (nikah).
  • Shariah (law/court) This is Islamic religious
    law which is based on the Quran. Scholars will
    interpret the verses of the Quran and then apply
    them to real life situations.

8
Divorce
  • Divorce rates are much lower in Muslim countries
    than in the West, but the divorce process is much
    more simple.
  • If a man or woman is unhappy, the only honourable
    option is divorce.
  • HOWEVER even though it is allowed in Sharia
    law it is really disapproved of and should only
    be a last resort.

9
What happens?
  • I divorce you
  • I divorce you
  • Two months living in same house without
    physical contact, if physical relationship
    resumes, the two months must start again, or the
    marriage remains unbroken.
  • The whole family gets involved trying to
    reconcile the marriage.
  • If after three months there is no reconciliation,
    then
  • I divorce you
  • it is over.

10
The woman
  • Because divorce is meant to be fair the children
    almost always go to the man, this is because it
    is not seen as fair for an unmarried woman to
    have to try to raise children on her own, both
    financially and because without a father they may
    become wild. It also puts her in a better
    position for finding another husband.

11
Main task Divorce time line
Men divorcing women
The husband is unhappy again, so an Iddah period
is started. His wife is already two months
pregnant so the period must continue until she
has had the baby.
The husband is unhappy again As this is the
third time he has said I divorce you the couple
are now officially divorced.
The couple go for counselling at the Mosque.
Create your own time line for Men divorcing
women and women divorcing men. Include pictures
and dates.
Husband unhappy with his wife and says I divorce
you.
During the three month period the couple have sex
ending the Iddah
The couple reconcile. The birth of their baby
brings them closer again.
12
Summing up .
  • Do you think these divorce proceedings are fair?
  • Do they favour one party over another?
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