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Children Chapters 1-9

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CHILDREN CHAPTERS 1-9 By: Reanna Bourque Pd. 1 October 18, 2010 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Children Chapters 1-9


1
Children Chapters 1-9
  • By Reanna Bourque
  • Pd. 1
  • October 18, 2010

2
Mexico
  • When parents divorced ? the children almost
    always remained with their mother
  • The people of Hohokam ? built large courts for
    ball playing

3
European communities
  • Woman were responsible for childcare
  • Daughter usually left the home or village of her
    family to live with her husbands people
  • Daughter needed a Dowry

4
Las Casas conquest
  • Food shortages were taken by conquering armies ?
    native birth rates fell
  • Indian woman were so over worked that they
    avoided conception and killed their own children
    so that they would not have to endure the same
    hardships

5
New Mexico 16th century
  • Woman and children bombarded the Spanish who were
    attacking Onate with rocks
  • Spanish succeeded in climbing the rock walls and
    into the town
  • They killed 800 men, woman, and children

6
Indentured servants
  • Children ? expected to serve till they reached
    the age of 21
  • Bound into service by English courts for as long
    as 14 years
  • Masters were permitted to feed, clothe, and house
    the servants
  • The work in the tobacco fields was overly
    strenuous

7
Indians and Puritans
  • Narragansett warriors and English troops attacked
    the main Pequot village ? they killed all of the
    slumbering woman and children
  • The Narragansett's were upset with the English
    because of how many they killed

8
New England Communities
  • One Puritan declared surely there is in all
    children a stubbornness, and stoutness of mind
    arising from natural pride, which must be broken
    and beaten down
  • Parents chose the mates for their children
  • Children married in the order of their births
    younger siblings waited until marriage
    arrangements had been made for their older
    siblings
  • 1647 ? the colony required that towns with 50
    families support a public school
  • 100 families were required to establish a grammar
    school that taught Latin
  • Girls were excluded from grammar schools

9
Massachusetts
  • High birth rate
  • Woman could expect to bear 8 children
  • No form of birth control

10
African slavery
  • Not permanent
  • If slaves married and had children ? their
    children were born free

SLAVERY
  • When men were captured ? woman and children were
    vulnerable
  • Sold into slavery
  • Traders defined anyone below 44 as children
  • Children were allowed to run on deck with the
    woman
  • Taller children were placed below deck with the
    adults ? they endured the horrible hardships and
    unsanitary conditions for 1-3 months
  • Children received little special treatment ?
    they still suffered horrible punishments,
    malnourishments, illness, and high mortality
    rates
  • Sometimes ill children were thrown over-board
    because the crew didnt want them to infect the
    other slaves

11
Slave trade
  • Most trading companies had little desire to
    purchase children
  • Children were a bad investment ? vulnerable to
    disease, couldnt reproduce, and couldnt do hard
    labor
  • Very difficult to sell in the West Indian markets
  • After the 18th century ? planters realized that
    younger slaves could live longer
  • The purchase of children and breeding woman
    increased

12
Slavery in the north
  • All slaves imported would serve for life, as
    would their children
  • Free whites and black slaves had sex ? creating a
    population of Mulatto children
  • 1705 ? law was passed in Massachusetts that
    prohibited mixed marriage and sexual relations
    between the races
  • In cases involving a white man and black woman,
    both were flogged and the man was held liable to
    support any children
  • Creoles ? term used by slaves in Brazil to
    distinguish their children born in the New World
    from newly arrived Africans

13
plantations
  • The slave children were given jobs ? watching the
    infants, if their masters liked them they would
    run errands for their masters, check the animal
    traps, and also carried water to the adults
    working in the fields
  • Black and white children both formed bonds ?
    young children of both races played together
  • White children were breastfed by African nannies
  • They were young ? they did not have an
    understanding of the system they were born into
  • When they grew older they learned to adjust
  • whiteness was a badge of freedom ? blackness
    was a badge of bondage

14
Indian America
  • Mestizo ? a child with mixed European and Native
    American ancestry
  • Puritan children ? quizzed continuously on
    biblical material at school and at home
  • Parents interested in the education of their
    children ? important to educate the next
    generation in order to purify the church
  • Parents tried to stress to their children all the
    dangers of the world
  • Religiously motivated
  • An increase in settlers in the Pennsylvania
    colony was due to children ? parents sold them as
    indentured servants in order to pay off debts
  • All north American colonial societies had high
    fertility rates
  • Little love within the families ? between the
    parents and children
  • Emotions referred to as passions
  • Passions ? seen as sinful and evil

15
The great awakening(part 1)
  • Enlightenment
  • Children were taught a new way to balance
    emotions ? domination of the will but included a
    positive role or some kinds of feelings
  • New religions that placed feelings
  • Unlettered children could choose to give
    themselves to God
  • Parents began to express love for their children
    rather than physically correct their unruly
    displays of emotion
  • Northampton 1730s ? 22.9 of the households were
    housing children

16
The great awakening(part 2)
  • Children were baptized
  • They were nurtured and raised by their mothers to
    be healthy adults
  • Sugar, Townshend, stamp, and intolerable acts ?
    affected children in the way that parents would
    rotationally treat their children terribly, due
    to the amount of stress they were under

17
18th century Indian families
  • When Indians lost all of their children ?
    adopted a new child of their own
  • Indians would often carry of the children of
    white people
  • Francis Slocum (1773-1847) ? taken from her home
    at 5 years old and adopted into the Indian
    community
  • She was raised as an Indian and had 2 husbands
    and 4 children
  • Her brothers found her 59 years later and tried
    to persuade her to leave with them, but she
    didnt want to leave her Indian family

18
presidents
  • George Washington ? had 2 step-children
  • John and Martha
  • John Adams ? had 5 children
  • Abigail, Susanna, John Quincy, Charles Thomas,
    and a still-born named Elizabeth
  • Thomas Jefferson ? had 6 children with his wife
  • Martha, Lucy Elizabeth (died at 1yrs old), Lucy
    Elizabeth (died at 3yrs old), Jane Randolf, and a
    still-born
  • He is also thought to have fathered several
    children with his slave, Sally hemming

19
Industrial revolution(part 1)
  • Huge demand for child labor
  • Child labor the employment of children for hard
    and tedious work
  • Children as young as 4yrs old were employed in
    dangerous working conditions
  • Textile factories worked more than 12 hours a day
  • Childrens work was usually seasonal ? giving
    them some play time

20
Industrial revolution(part 2)
  • They worked in factories, as Miners, errand
    boys, chimney sweeps, sold cheap goods, in
    Mills, as Prostitutes, etc
  • Many who worked in the Mines developed Lung
    Cancer
  • Early 19th century Parliament pass child labor
    laws ? inspectors were appointed to make sure the
    law was obeyed
  • Gradually children were protected more by the law

21
Art literature
  • During the 19th century ? most children were
    reading the American Spelling Book
  • Published by Noah Webster
  • Samuel Griswold Goodrich (1793-1860) ?popular
    children's author
  • Wrote the children's magazine called Rober Marys
    Museum
  • The magazine ran for 32 years

22
Panic of 1819
  • James Tallmadge introduced a amendment to
    prohibit the introduction of slaves in Missouri
  • This allowed for the emancipation of all children
    of slaves at the age of 25

23
vocabulary
  • Mestizo a person of racially mixed ancestry of
    mixed American Indian and European
  • Gente De Razon Spanish term used in colonial and
    modern Hispanic America to refer to people who
    were culturally Hispanic
  • Creoles term used by slaves in Brazil to
    distinguish their children born in the new world
    from newly arrived Africans
  • Mulatto the offspring of one white parent and
    one black parent
  • Puritan a member of a group of protestants that
    arose in the 16th century within the church of
    England, demanding the simplification of worship,
    and greater strictness in religious discipline

24
vocabulary
  • Children a human between the stages of birth and
    puberty
  • Domestic servants someone who works with in the
    employers house hold
  • Factory acts a series of acts passed by
    parliament to limit the number of hours worked by
    woman and children
  • Sweatshop a shop employing workers at low wages,
    long hours, and under poor conditions

25
Tests!
  • 1.) were children allowed to run on deck during
    the mid-Atlantic passage?
  • A)No, they were kept below deck with the men
    during the entire passage
  • B) Only the captains favorites were allowed on
    deck
  • C) Yes, they were allowed to run on deck with the
    woman
  • D) Children weren't ever captured, when the slave
    ships arrived they only took the men and woman
    adults

26
2.)
  • When all of the children in an Indian family
    died, the Indians would?
  • Not do anything
  • Stomp their feet and have temper tantrums for 3
    months
  • Go to other areas and take the children of
    unsuspecting white parents
  • Kill all of the other families children

27
3.)
  • During the industrial revolution, which job
    wasnt appointed to children?
  • Prostitution
  • Working in the mines
  • Running errands
  • Every job that permitted cheap wages was
    appointed to children

28
4.)
  • Before the 18th century, were children a good
    investment in the slave trade?
  • No because they couldnt work hard labor
  • No because they were more susceptible to diseases
  • Yes they were more efficient than adults in the
    fields
  • Both A and B

29
5.)
  • Child labor was.?
  • Tedious
  • Easy
  • Strenuously demanding
  • Both A and C

30
6.)
  • Did white and black children form relational
    bonds?
  • Yes, they spent much time together playing on the
    farm or the plantation
  • No, they were separated at all times throughout
    their entire childhood to keep from forming bonds
  • Their relationship was mutual, they didnt prefer
    playing together but were forced by the parents
    and nannies

31
7.)
  • What is the term used to describe a child with
    mixed European and native American ancestry?
  • A)Gente De Razon
  • B) Maize
  • C) Buenos Dias
  • D) mestizo

32
8.)
  • What were the views of the puritans?
  • The only way to earn Gods forgiveness and your
    salvation was through good-works
  • Purifying the church
  • Predestination and original sin
  • All of the above

33
9.)
  • During the industrial revolution.?
  • There was a huge demand for child labor
  • Children were useless for any labor intensive
    work
  • There were no problems involving children of any
    age

34
10.)
  • What ISNT what the enlightenment brought?
  • More affection within families
  • Keeping your emotions in control and working hard
    for your salvation through good works
  • The idea that feelings were the center of faith
  • Parents stopped correcting their child's unruly
    behavior

35
TRUE OR FALSE
  • 11.)There was not any form of literature for
    children to read besides religious material?
  • 12.)George Washington didnt have a
    step-daughter?
  • 13.)Slaves were given jobs?
  • 14.)An amendment was introduced during the Panic
    of 1819 that stated that an emancipation of all
    children of slaves could be made at the age of
    16?
  • 15.) Puritan children were taught to live freely
    by their emotions

36
True or false
  • 16.) Jefferson may have fathered several children
    with his slave?
  • 17.)Francis Slocum left her Indian family to live
    with her long-lost brothers?
  • 18.) During the enlightenment, children were
    taught the same principals in expressing their
    faith as the Puritans had?
  • 19 .)blackness was a badge of freedom?
  • 20.)no laws were ever passed to help with the
    critical issues over the safety of children
    involved in child labor

37
answers
  • 1.) C
  • 2.) C
  • 3.) D
  • 4.) D
  • 5.) D
  • 6.) A
  • 7.) D
  • 8.) D
  • 9.) A
  • 10.) B

38
answers
  • 11.)FALSE
  • 12.)FALSE
  • 13.)TRUE
  • 14.)FALSE
  • 15.)FALSE
  • 16.)TRUE
  • 17.)FALSE
  • 18.)FALSE
  • 19.)FALSE
  • 20.)FALSE
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