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SOL REVIEW

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SOL REVIEW GOVERNMENT What agreement signed by the male settlers at Plymouth helped establish the notion of self-government in the Americas? The Mayflower Compact ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOL REVIEW


1
SOL REVIEW
  • GOVERNMENT

2
What agreement signed by the male settlers at
Plymouth helped establish the notion of
self-government in the Americas?
  • The Mayflower Compact

3
Where did the Puritans practice a form of direct
democracy?
  • At Town Meetings

4
What was the first elected assembly (lawmaking
body) in the New World?
  • The House of Burgesses

5
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
  • Forbid American colonists to move west of the
    Appalachian Mountains

6
What is the name of Great Britains lawmaking
body?
  • Parliament

7
Who issued the Proclamation of 1763?
  • The British government
  • or King George III

8
Who wrote Common Sense?
  • Thomas Paine

9
What did Common Sense say?
  • Challenged the rule of the American colonies by
    the King of England

10
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
  • Thomas Jefferson

11
Who was John Locke?
  • English political philosopher
  • Lockes ideas influenced Thomas Jefferson

12
Who wrote that government should protect Life,
Liberty, and Property?
  • John Locke

13
Who wrote that all men have the right to Life,
Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness?
  • Thomas Jefferson

14
Whose ideas did Thomas Jefferson borrow when he
wrote the Declaration of Independence?
  • John Locke
  • Thomas Paine

15
  • What is a republic?
  • A representative democracy

16
  • What is the basic principle of republican
    government?
  • The people elect representatives who make the
    laws.

17
  • What was the first attempt at workable government
    in the United States?
  • The Articles of Confederation

18
  • What was wrong with the government under the
    Articles of Confederation?
  • It was too weak!

19
  • What does the legislative branch of a government
    do?
  • Makes the laws

20
  • What does the judicial branch of a government do?
  • Interprets or explains the meaning of the laws

21
  • What does the executive branch do?
  • Enforces the laws

22
What was the Virginia Plan?
  • A framework proposed by the Virginia delegation
    to the Constitutional Convention under which the
    national government would have a legislature
    consisting of two houses. Representation in both
    houses would be based on population. Big states
    would have more representatives.

23
What was the New Jersey Plan?
  • A framework proposed by the New Jersey delegation
    to the Constitutional Convention under which the
    national government would have a legislature
    consisting of one house. Under the New Jersey
    Plan each state had one vote. This plan
    benefited small states.

24
What was the Great Compromise or Connecticut
Compromise?
  • A plan providing for a two-house Congress in
    which the people would be represented in a House
    of Representatives and the states in the Senate.
    In other words, the House of Rep. would be based
    on population, while each state would have 2 U.S.
    senators.

25
Which one became part of the Constitution the
Va. Plan, the N.J. Plan, or the Great Compromise?
  • The Great Compromise

26
What was the Great Compromise or Connecticut
Compromise?
  • A plan providing for a two-house Congress in
    which the people would be represented in a House
    of Representatives and the states in the Senate.
    In other words, the House of Rep. would be based
    on population, while each state would have 2 U.S.
    senators.

27
What is federalism?
  • The division of power in the United States
    between the national government and the state
    governments.

28
Who leads the executive branch of the federal
government?
  • The President

29
Who leads the judicial branch of the federal
government?
  • The Supreme Court

30
What is the name of the legislative branch of the
federal government?
  • Congress

31
What are the two houses of Congress?
  • The House of Representatives
  • The United States Senate

32
How is a states membership in the Senate decided?
  • Two senators from each state

33
How is a states membership in the House of Rep.
Decided?
  • By Population States with large populations have
    more representatives than states with small
    populations.

34
What is separation of powers?
  • The division of power among different branches of
    government.

35
What is the checks and balances system?
  • A system of government by which each branch of
    government can check or stop the actions of the
    other branches

36
  • How many of the states had to ratify or approve
    the Constitution before it could take effect?
  • 9

37
What is the Bill of Rights?
  • The first ten amendments to the Constitution

38
What was the basic idea of the Virginia
Declaration of Rights?
  • That government should not violate basic human
    rights.

39
Who wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights?
  • George Mason

40
Who wrote the Virginia Statute of Religious
Freedom?
  • Thomas Jefferson

41
  • What two documents did Madison consult when he
    was working on the Bill of Rights?
  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights and the
    Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom

42
What did the Virginia Statute of Religious
Freedom do?
  • Outlawed the established church in Virginia
  • Supported the idea of freedom of religion

43
What rights does the First Amendment guarantee?
  • Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom
    of religion, freedom of assembly, and the right
    of petition

44
What does the term ratify mean?
  • Approve

45
To what did the phrase ratification of the
Constitution refer?
  • 9 of the states approving the Constitution so
    that it would take effect

46
What First Amendment freedom allows people to
gather at public meetings?
  • Freedom of Assembly

47
What First Amendment freedom allows Americans to
make written requests to make changes in the
government?
  • Freedom of Petition

48
On what document was the Bill of Rights based?
  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights

49
What is a constitutional amendment?
  • An addition to the Constitution

50
Define political party.
  • A group of people with similar beliefs about how
    to run the government.

51
Who led the Federalists?
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • John Adams

52
What were the beliefs of the Federalists?
  • Strong national government
  • Industrial economy (factories or manufacturing)

53
Who led the Republicans?
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Madison

54
What were the beliefs of the Democratic-Republican
s?
  • Weak national government
  • Strong state governments
  • Agricultural economy (farming)

55
Who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
during the first 30 years of the 19th century?
  • John Marshall

56
Why were the Marshall courts decisions important?
  • Made the federal courts a co-equal branch of the
    United States government

57
How did the Supreme Court rule in Marbury v.
Madison?
  • Declared a federal law unconstitutional

58
What is the power of judicial review?
  • A courts power to declare a law unconstitutional

59
What is the Supreme Courts main check on the
power of Congress?
  • Judicial Review

60
How did the Marshall court rule in McCulloch v.
Maryland?
  • Forbid the states from taxing agencies of the
    federal government
  • Declared a Maryland state law unconstitutional

61
Who said the power to tax is the power to
destroy?
  • John Marshall

62
Why was McCulloch v. Maryland important?
  • Established the power of the federal government
    over the states
  • Strengthened the federal courts power of
    judicial review

63
What is a republic?
  • A Representative Democracy
  • The People elect representatives to make the laws

64
What is a bill?
  • A proposed law

65
What is an act?
  • A Law

66
What political party was formed in opposition to
the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
  • The Republican Party

67
What was the Supreme Courts decision in the Dred
Scott case?
68
  • Since Dred Scott was a slave, he could not sue in
    federal court
  • African-Americans were not citizens of the United
    States
  • Since Congress had no power to prohibit slavery
    in the territories, the Missouri Compromise was
    unconstitutional

69
What did the Dred Scott decision say about the
Missouri Compromise?
  • The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.

70
In Dred Scott v. Sandford did the Supreme Court
rule that Scott should remain a slave or gain his
freedom?
  • Remain a slave

71
What power did the Supreme Court use in Dred
Scott v. Sandford?
  • The power of judicial review

72
By the end of the 1850s, what did Southerners
argue states could do?
  • States could nullify laws passed by Congress
  • States could secede from the Union

73
What did it mean for a state to nullify a law?
  • Void it
  • Do Away with it

74
What did it mean for a state to secede?
  • Leave the Union

75
What did several Southern states do, when Lincoln
won the 1860 presidential election?
  • Seceded from the Union

76
What constitutional debate did the Civil War
involve?
  • Federal Power vs. States Rights

77
What country did the seceded Southern states form
in 1861?
  • The Confederate States of America or
  • The Confederacy

78
What did it mean for a state to secede from the
Union?
  • Leave the Union, or
  • Withdraw from the Union

79
What was the period when the federal government
tried to rebuild the South and restore the Union
after the Civil War?
  • Reconstruction

80
Define impeachment.
  • Bringing an official to trial for misconduct in
    office

81
Under the Constitution, which house of Congress
can impeach the President?
  • The House of Representatives

82
Under the Constitution, which house of Congress
sits as the jury at a Presidents impeachment
trial?
  • The Senate

83
Under the Constitution, which house of Congress
can remove the President from office?
  • The Senate

84
What proportion of senators must vote to convict
the President in order to remove him from office?
  • 2/3

85
Which constitutional amendments are the
Reconstruction amendments?
  • 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments

86
Identify the 13th Amendment.
  • Freed the Slaves

87
Identify 14th Amendment.
  • Granted citizenship to African-Americans
  • Forbid the states from denying any American
    equal protection of the laws

88
Identify the 15th Amendment.
  • Gave African-American males the right to vote

89
What are the key words to remember the
Reconstruction Amendments?
  • 13th Freedom
  • 14th Citizenship
  • 15th Vote

90
What does one call the group of people who cast
the official votes for president and vice
president?
  • The Electoral College

91
How many electoral votes does each state have?
  • 2 for senators of representatives in House

92
Identify the Compromise of 1877.
  • A political deal between Southern Democrats and
    northern Republicans
  • Democrats supported Rutherford Hayes election as
    President and Republicans ended the military
    occupation of the South

93
What was the 1862 Homestead Act?
  • Law that gave free public land to settlers in the
    western territories
  • Settlers promised to live on and farm this land
    for five years

94
  • What type of reforms were the 17th Amendment and
    anti-trust laws?
  • Progressive reforms on the national level.

95
  • What was the 17th Amendment?
  • Direct election of United States senators

96
  • Name a leader of the Womens Suffrage Movement.
  • Susan B. Anthony

97
  • Which constitutional amendment gave women the
    right to vote?
  • 19th Amendment

98
  • How did the Supreme Court rule in 1896 in the
    case of Plessy v. Ferguson?
  • Racial segregation was constitutional (legal).

99
  • What doctrine was established by the Supreme
    Courts decision in Plessy v. Ferguson?
  • The Separate But Equal Doctrine

100
  • What is another word for the right to vote?
  • Suffrage

101
  • Who were the Muckrakers?
  • Progressive writers who wrote about social and
    political evils in late 19th and early 20th
    century America.

102
What legislative body ratifies treaties?
  • United States Senate

103
What vote is needed in the Senate to ratify a
treaty?
  • 2/3

104
  • What political scandal forced President Nixon to
    resign from office?
  • Watergate
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