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The Road to Revolution

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Title: The Road to Revolution


1
The Road to Revolution
2
British Colonies
  • The British colonies were officially under the
    authority of the King and Parliament
  • In reality, the distance between them made this
    difficult
  • colonial legislatures were elected to collect
    taxes and run the colonies
  • Royal Governors were chosen by the King, and
    worked with colonial legislatures to run the
    colonies

The Virginia House of Burgesses in Williamsburg
3
  • Starting with Jamestown, British colonies thrived
    and expanded
  • England wasnt alone is founding colonies however
  • By the mid 1700s, almost all of North America,
    had been made colonies of Britain, France. Or
    Spain

4
War!
  • With the European powers competing for colonies,
    conflict was inevitable
  • The French and Indian War (Seven Years War to the
    Europeans) broke out between England and France
  • England won and took over French colonies
  • Almost all of eastern North America was not ruled
    by Great Britain

5
The Colonists War
  • The French and Indian War was an important event
    for the colonists living in British America
  • The war itself was fought by many of them,
    including Col. George Washingtons first military
    command
  • Victory meant that there was more land the
    colonists hoped to settle in that land
  • British authorities limited settlement, to avoid
    troubles with the Indians

6
Your blood, my land
  • The Proclamation of 1763 made it illegal for
    colonists to move west of the Appalachian
    Mountains it helped cause the American
    Revolution
  • To many colonists, this defeated the point of the
    war
  • They had much new land, but they could not use it
  • King George III hoped this would prevent problems
    with the American Indians
  • An even bigger issue to the colonists was

7
TAXES!
  • Although the war was a victory it left Britain
    with a large national debt
  • Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764 to have
    the American colonists pay off the war debt
  • The colonists werent against paying their fair
    share
  • Do you remember what their problem was with
    paying these new taxes?
  • Taxation without representation!

8
Taxation without Representation
  • Why was it such a big deal to the colonists? Any
    ideas? Think about what weve learned about
    English democracy
  • To the colonists, Taxation without Representation
    violated their rights under the English Bill of
    Rights
  • They were guaranteed the same rights as people
    living in England by the Charters of the Virginia
    Company
  • It became a cause of the American Revolution

9
We have rights!
  • I can see no reason to doubt, but that the
    imposition of taxesin the colonies, is
    absolutely irreconcilable with the rights of the
    colonists, as British subjects - from The
    Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and
    Proved by James Otis, member of the
    Massachusetts Colonia Legislature, 1764.
  • Levying (collecting) money for use of the crown
    (King)without grant of Parliamentis illegal-
    from
  • the English Bill of Rights (1689)
  • Otis is asserting the rights of the colonists as
    English citizens

10
Stamp Act
  • The Stamp Act was passed in March, 1765
  • It had the colonists pay taxes directly to
    Parliament for the first time, bypassing the
    Colonial Legislatures
  • The colonies sent representatives to express
    their concerns at the Stamp Act Congress

11
Resolves of the Stamp Act Congress
  • Subjects in these colonies are entitled to all
    the inherent rightsof his natural born subjects
    within the Kingdom of Great Britain Article 2
    of The Declaration of the Stamp Act Congress
    10/19/1765
  • It isthe undoubted rights of Englishmen that no
    taxes be composed on them but with their own
    consent.. Article 3 of The Declaration of the
    Stamp Act Congress 10/19/1765
  • The Stamp Act was protested by colonists because
    it violated their rights under the English Bill
    of Rights

12
Victory?
  • Colonial protests and boycotts were successful
  • Parliament lifted the Stamp Act on March 18, 1766
  • However, in the Declaratory Act, Parliament
    asserted its power,
  • Parliamenthas full power and authority to make
    lawsto bind the colonies and people of America,
    subjects of the crown of Great Britain, in all
    cases whatsoever from section I of the
    Declaratory Act

13
Radicalization
  • The conflict over the right to tax went on from
    1763, up to the outbreak of revolution 1775-76
  • The debate would become more radical as time
    progressed, sometimes getting violent
  • It is one of the liberties of free subjectsto
    be governedby laws made by persons, in whose
    elections theyhave a voiceany people who are
    subject to the unlimited power of another, must
    be in a state of abject slavery from the
    Massachusetts legislatures answer to the Royal
    Governor 1/26/1773

14
Patrick Henry from Give me Liberty Speech March
23, 1775 in the Virginia House of Burgesses
  • The question before the House is an awful moment
    to this country I consider it nothing less than
    a question of freedom or slavery Is life so dear
    or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the
    price of chains and slavery?...I know not what
    course others may take, but as for me, give me
    liberty or give me death!
  • To the radicals like Henry, slavery was defined
    by the inability to hold property of your own

15
The shot heard round the world
  • On April 19, 1775, less than a month after
    Henrys speech, people began dying for liberty
  • Fighting broke out between colonists and British
    troops at Lexington and Concord
  • It was followed by the Battle of Bunker Hill in
    June
  • The clash of ideas was now a clash of arms
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