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ENGLAND AND WALES

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Title: ENGLAND AND WALES


1
ENGLAND AND WALES
  • Bunic Ana-Marija
  • Križanac Anita

2
NATIONAL OFFENDER MENAGMENT SERVICE (NOMS)
Her Majesty's Prison Service (HMPS)
National Probation Service (NPS)
3
NATIONAL OFFENDER MENAGMENT SERVICE
  • department of the Ministry of Justice responsible
    for the correctional services in England and
    Wales
  • created on 1 June 2004, by combining parts of
    both of the headquarters of the National
    Probation Service and Her Majesty's Prison
    Service
  • The two bodies remain distinct but have a strong
    unity of purpose to protect the public and
    reduce reoffending
  • NOMS is responsible for commissioning and
    delivering adult offender management services, in
    custody and in the community
  • The Director General of NOMS is Phil Wheatley
  • (responsible for delivering reduced re-offending
    and public protection)

4
  • Responsibility for delivering a reduction in
    re-offending and the management of offenders is
    devolved to nine regional offices in England and
    one office in Wales
  • The English regional offices are led by Regional
    Offender Managers.  The Wales office is led by a
    Director of Offender Management.
  • These leaders are experts in the
    offending-related problems of their local area
    and are responsible for
  • 1) commissioning services for their
    region
  • 2) developing a regional reducing
    re-offending delivery plan
  • 3) co-ordinating regional and local
    partnerships

5
Her Majesty's Prison Service
  • the United Kingdom Executive Agency tasked with
    managing most of the prisons within England and
    Wales
  • AIMS
  • 1) Holding prisoners securely
  • 2) Reducing the risk of prisoners re-offending
  • 3) Providing safe and well-ordered establishments
    in which we treat prisoners humanely, decently
    and lawfully
  • The Prison Service does not manage all prisons
    within England and Wales (11 private prisons -
    managed by private companies)

6
Prison categories
  • Male adult prisoners
  • Category A prisoners whose escape would be highly
    dangerous to the public or national security
  • Category B prisoners who do not require maximum
    security, but for whom escape needs to be made
    very difficult
  • Category C prisoners who cannot be trusted in
    open conditions but who are unlikely to try to
    escape
  • Category D prisoners who can be trusted not to
    try to escape, and are given the privilege of an
    open prison.
  • Female adult prisoners
  • Category A is identical to that for men
  • Closed is for people who are not trusted to not
    attempt to escape
  • Semi-open was introduced in 2001 and is for those
    who are unlikely to try to escape
  • Open is for those who can be trusted to stay
    within the prison

7
Young offenders and juveniles
  • Secure Training Centres
  • Local Authority Secure Childrens Homes
  • Juvenile Prisons
  • Young Offender Institutions

8
NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE
  • The National Probation Service for England and
    Wales is a statutory Criminal Justice Service
    which works with offenders either because they
    have just been released from prison or because
    they have received a community sentence
    (community rehabilitation order,drug treatment
    and testing order..)

9
A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROBATION
  • During the late nineteenth century volutary
    societies, led by Church of England Teperance
    Society, appointed missionaries to the London
    Police Courts to reclaim drunkards and later
    other offenders.
  • 1907 supervision was given a statutory basis
    wich allowed courts to appoint and employ
    probation officers.Probation officers were
    formally empowered to work with offenders and to
    advise, assist and befriend offenders placed
    under supervison by court.Mayor development
    followed including the beginning of work with
    prisoners before and after release, civil court
    work and reparation in the form of community
    service.

10
  • In the 1970s and 1980s partnership with other
    agencies resulted in cautioning schemes,
    alternatives to custody ( day centers, special
    programme conditions )
  • the probation order as a sentence and risk of
    custody and risk of reconviction assessment
    tools.
  • 2001 The Criminal and Court Act re-named
    probation service as The National Probation
    Service for England and Wales
  • replaced 54 probation committiees with 42 local
    probation boards
  • established 100 funding for the probation
    service
  • created the post of Director General
  • made chief officers statutory office holders and
    members of local probation bord - appointed by
    Secretary of state.

11
  • in its current form, the NPS is part of the
    National Offender Management Service (NOMS)
    within the Ministry of Justice
  • It consists of 42 probation areas which are
    coterminous with police force area boundaries
  • Areas are funded by NOMS and they are accountable
    to their Boards and to NOMS via a Regional
    Offender Manager
  • The work of probation areas is scrutinised by HM
    Inspectorate of Probation, which reports
    independently to UK Government Ministers.

12
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE NATIONAL OFFENDER MENAGMENT
SERVICE The strategic commisong, coordination
and menagment of the prison and Probation system
NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE The National
Director Is responsible for Performance and
development Of Probation
42 PROBATION AREAS Each board is responsible For
local delivery and Partnerships with key
justice Agencies.
  • PROBATION STAFFING
  • Probation officers 8,520
  • Probation Service Officers 6,330
  • Admin/Other Staff 5,640
  • Managment Staff 890

13
NPS aims
  • Protecting the public
  • Reducing re-offending
  • The proper punishment of offenders in the
    community
  • Ensuring offenders' awareness of the effects of
    crime on the victims of crime and the public
  • Rehabilitation of offenders

14
Offenders on probation
  • Offenders are likely to be put on probation when
  • - a judge or magistrate gives them a
    community sentence
  • - the offender is automatically released
    from prison after serving half or two-thirds of
    their sentence
  • - the Parole Board decides that the offender
    can be released early from a jail sentence
  • - offenders on probation have to comply with
    the rules and requirements of their community
    sentence or their release licence from prison
  • Additional requirements of probation can include
  • -
    completing alcohol and drug treatment
  • - staying
    in a probation hostel
  • - staying
    away from the area where the crime was
    committed
  • - a
    curfew, backed up be electronic tagging
  • Some offenders are made to stay in probation
    hostels, known as Approved Premises ( much higher
    degree of supervision)

15
The work of probation staff
  • protect the public
  • reduce the risk of an offender committing a
    further offence
  • (under their supervision and afterwards )
  • their work begins even before the offender is
    sentenced or released from prison
  • keep contact with the offender and their family
  • monitor the offender's movements while they are
    on probation
  • supporting victims of crime

16
  • Each year the probation service commences the
    supervision of some 175,000 offenders.
  • Caseload - excess of 200,000 (90 are male and
    10 are female)
  • a quarter of offenders serving community
    sentences are aged 16-20 and just less than
    three-quarters are aged 21 and over.
  • Approximately 70 of offenders supervised will be
    on community sentences, and 30 imprisoned with a
    period of statutory licence supervision in the
    community as an integral part of the sentence
  • NPS assist magistrates and judges in their
    sentencing decisions

17
New Reforms
  • NOMS in 2004 changed the pattern of correctional
    services delivery
  • The Offender Management Bill, introduced in
    Parliament late in 2006, was intended to enable
    some probation areas to become trusts as part of
    wider Government policy
  • The Bill is completed July 2007, and the first
    six probation trusts came into being on 1 April
    2008 (Merseyside, South Wales, Humberside,
    Dyfed/Powys, West Mercia and Leicestershire
    Rutland).
  • New Probation Trusts enjoy greater freedoms -
    they demonstrated that they were robust
    organisations capable of delivering to high
    standards of performance and efficiency.
  • Trusts and continuing Boards alike will have a
    larger role in the local commissioning of
    services from the private, voluntary and
    community sectors,
  • They all still have to deliver on their own
    contractual obligations to their Regional
    Offender Manager.

18
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