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The Policemen of the World

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The Policemen of the World American Expansionism at the Turn of the 20th Century – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Policemen of the World


1
The Policemen of the World
  • American Expansionism at the Turn of the 20th
    Century

2
  • From the end of the Civil War to the 1880s, the
    U.S. was an isolationist country
  • During the 1890s, the U.S. became an imperialist
    country. Why?
  • Destiny
  • Defense
  • Dollars
  • Democracy
  • Deity and Social Darwinism

3
Destiny
  • Manifest Destiny in early 1800s vs. late 1800s
  • Where?
  • Why?

4
Belief
  • Three domestic concerns led the U.S. to expand
    global interests
  • Industrial Expansion
  • Western Settlement
  • Growth of Federal Government
  • How do these (and other factors) lead to U.S.
    Imperialism?

5
Industrial Expansion
  • Aspects affecting imperialist tendencies
  • Business Cycles
  • Alternating cycles of prosperity and recession
    caused overproduction
  • International Investment Capital
  • Foreign concerns invested 3 billion in U.S.
    Economy
  • Desire to expand markets
  • Favorable shift in balance of trade
  • Standard Oil Example
  • Few exports in 1880
  • 1890 controlled 70 of world market

6
Western Settlement
  • West settled with promise of overseas markets for
    surplus crops
  • Euro demand for U.S. crops drops after 1880
  • Farmers forced to seek new markets for their
    products

7
Defense
Alfred Thayer Mahan The Influence of Sea Power
on History What was his argument in this book?
8
Defense
  • Big Sister Policy
  • James Blaines idea
  • Better relations with Latin American more ??
  • 1889- 1st Pan-American Conference
  • What was the purpose of this meeting?

9
Revitalized Navy
  • By 1880s in shambles
  • Recovery from depression of 1873
  • More money to build modern navy
  • Realization that U.S. Navy was worst in world
  • Concern unprepared if conflict erupted
  • Alfred Thayer Mahan
  • Surplus production requires commercial colonies
  • Oceans should be highways, not barriers
  • A powerful navy is essential for commerce

10
Dollars
  • Americans wanted new markets to sell their goods
    and new sources of resources
  • What made this possible?

American Foreign Trade1870-1914
11
Growth of Federal Government
  • Industry and Agriculture sought government help
    in securing new markets
  • William Everetts (Sec. of State 1877-1881)
  • Argued that government should foster economic
    growth
  • Pork Diplomacy (relationship betw. Business and
    government)
  • Farmers were raising surplus of pigs
  • Exported to Europe
  • France and Germany enacted restrictive Ag tariffs
  • U.S. economically hurt France and Germany

12
Democracy
  • U.S. wanted to support the growth of democracies
    around the world

Deity
  • Desire to spread their religious beliefs to
    others
  • Reverend Josiah Strong and Our Country Its
    Possible Future and Its Present Crisis
  • What was this book about?
  • What was the mission for Americans?

13
Deity
  • Social Darwinism what was this?
  • What was the role of the U.S. in the world? In
    society?

The White MansBurden
The Hierarchyof Race
14
The Missionary Factor
  • Premises
  • Soul saving and profit making go together
  • Industry learned about foreign markets from
    missionaries
  • Dole (Hawaii Pineapple Co.) and Hawaii
  • Government protection/International Agreements
  • More American missionariesneed to protect them
  • Faith in destiny of Christianity to conquer the
    world

15
THE US BECOMES AN IMPERIAL POWER
What is happening in this cartoon?
16
THE US BECOMES AN IMPERIAL POWER
  • Alaska 1866/1896
  • HAWAII 1898
  • MIDWAY ISLAND 1867
  • WAKE ISLAND 1898
  • GUAM 1898
  • JOHNSTON ISLAND 1898
  • PALMYRA ISLAND 1898
  • SAMOA ISLAND 1899
  • PHILIPPINES 1898
  • PUERTO RICO 1898

What is happening in this cartoon?
17
Imperialistic Ideas
  • The nation needed more markets for its goods
  • John Hays Open Door Policy
  • open access to China for American investment and
    commercial interests
  • bolstered American commercial interests in China
  • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
  • Direct cause - American fear that financial
    instability in the Dominican Republic would lead
    to European intervention
  • Expanded Americas role in Central America and
    the Caribbean
  • Intervening in Latin America nations that could
    not pay their debts to European creditors

18
OPEN DOOR POLICY
19
(No Transcript)
20
Spanish American War-1898
  • Yellow Journalism (William R. Hearst)
  • Sensational news stories stirred the anger of the
    American public
  • 1898-Battleship Maine explodes in Cuban harbor
    250 Amer. soldiers die
  • Leads to Spanish-American War
  • U.S. wins gains territory
  • Territories gained
  • Puerto Rico, Cuba, Philippines

21
Yellow journalists were quick to blame the
Spanish
22
Speak Softly,But Carry a Big Stick!
23
  • Latin American felt bullied
  • Bad Neighbor policy

24
Debate
  • American Imperialism Should the United States
    become an imperialist power by keeping the
    Philippine Islands?

25
  • Manifest Destiny Is overseas expansion, and
    therefore control of the Philippines, part of the
    inevitable manifest destiny of the United States?

26
  • Democracy Would ruling another nation be
    compatible with basic American ideals of
    democracy and self-government?

27
  • Economic Benefit Is acquiring the Philippines
    essential for Americas economic health and
    future trade with Asia?

28
  • Race Should the dark skinned Filipinos be
    brought under the rule of the white skinned race?
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