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Geography of Asia

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Title: Geography of Asia Author: e200601401 Last modified by: E200702531 Created Date: 1/26/2009 6:07:16 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography of Asia


1
Geography of Asia
2
North Korea
Japan
South Korea
China
India
Vietnam
Indonesia
3
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Mekong River is one of the longest rivers in
    Southern Eastern Asia.
  • It stretches almost 2,700 miles long, runs
    through western China, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand
    and Vietnam, before emptying in the South China
    Sea.

4
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Ganges River Begins in the Himalayas, runs for
    1560 miles.
  • Provides water to help support agriculture in
    this region.
  • Hindus sacred/ holy river.

5
Question 1
  • The Mekong river delta is located in what country?

A. VIETNAM
6
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Indus River longest river in Pakistan, is more
    than 1,900 miles long.
  • Empties into the Arabian Sea. Key water supply
    for Pakistan, making it the nations most
    important body of water.

7
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Huang He Chinas second longest river, Yellow
    River, because of the color of the silt.
  • Causes deadly and destructive flooding, and is
    therefore referred to as Chinas Sorrow.

8
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Yangtze River is Chinas longest river,
    stretches almost 3,500 miles in length. Provides
    important resources to the country (i.e. oil,
    natural gas, copper, and iron ore).

9
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Indian Ocean
  • Makes up 1/5th of all ocean water in the world.
  • Stretches nearly 6,200 miles from the Southern
    tip of Africa to Australia.
  • Touches Iran, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh in
    the north.
  • Indonesia, and Australia to the east
  • Antarctica to the south
  • African and the Arabian peninsula to west
  • Indian Ocean CONNECTS Southern East Asia to
    Europe and Africa

10
Indian Ocean
11
Question 2
  • What is the longest river in Pakistan?

A. Indus River
12
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Bay of Bengal lies to the northeast of the
    Indian Ocean.
  • Serves as a major fishery for the people in this
    region.
  • Also provides ports for shipping and has been an
    important body of water for international trade.

13
Bay of Bengal
14
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Yellow Sea lies between China and Korean
    Peninsula.
  • Its name comes from the color of the silt-laden
    water that runs into it from some of the major
    rivers of China.
  • Serves as an important trade route and is home to
    important seaports.

15
Yellow Sea
16
Question 3
  • Where would you find the bay of Bengal?

A. Off the East coast of India
17
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • South China Sea bordered by the Taiwan Strait,
    Taiwan, the Philippines, Borneo, the Gulf of
    Thailand, the Malay Peninsula, and the Asian
    mainland.
  • Provides seafood for many of the people of East
    Asia.
  • Monsoons blow across the sea , greatly affecting,
    life in this region.
  • Also plays a crucial role in travel and trade.

18
SOUTH CHINA SEA
19
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Sea of Japan borders Japan, Russia and the
    Koreas.

20
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Land and Land Masses
  • Himalayan Mountains
  • Located in Southern and Eastern Asia, they are
    the highest mountains in the world.

21
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Land and Land Masses
  • Home to Mount Everest
  • which is more than (29,035 feet) 5 miles high and
    is the tallest mountain on earth.

22
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Land and Land Masses
  • Himalayas stretch approximately 1,550 miles
    across parts of Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan,
    China, and Myanmar.

23
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Land and Land Masses
  • Pamir Mountains Asian mountain range in which
    many other ranges branch out of, they are located
    where, Afghanistan, China, and Tajikistan meet.
    Pamir Mtns. are referred to as the Roof Top of
    the World because many of the peaks in this
    region reach almost four miles above sea level.

24
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Deserts
  • Taklimakan Desert
  • The Taklimakan Desert in northwest China is a
    vast region of sand desert sitting in a
    depression between two high, rugged mountain
    ranges.
  • the Taklimakan's rolling sand dunes stretch out
    over about 125,000 square miles in the Xinjiang
    region of China.
  • The desert is hemmed in to the north by the
    snow-covered Tien Shan Mountain range and to the
    south by the rugged Kunlun Mountains.
  • Desertification and shifting sand dunes are a
    major concern for the farmers and grazers who
    live at the desert's edge.

25
Taklimakan Desert
26
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Gobi Desert
  • Is a vast stretch of land roughly 1,000 miles
    long between 300 to 600 miles wide.
  • The desert lies between the Altai and Hangayn
    mountains and stretches across parts of Mongolia
    and China.
  • Much of the desert is made up of bare rock,
    rather than sand.
  • Winters are harsh, January average low -40
    degrees Fahrenheit July average high 113
    degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Severe dryness limits vegetation few plants and
    shrubs that grow.
  • Few people live in the desert, those that do,
    tend to live as nomadic herders.

27
Gobi Desert

28
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Korean Peninsula bordering China.
  • A peninsula is a body of land surrounded on three
    sides by water.
  • The peninsula is surrounded by the East China
    Sea, Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, the Korean
    Strait and the Pacific Ocean.
  • The peninsula is home to the nation of Korea. 684
    miles long.
  • For most of its history Korea was a nation united
    by language and culture.
  • WWII, Korea was divided into North and South
    Korea.
  • South Korea usually has a warm and wet climate.
  • North Korea tends to be colder and has less than
    half of the average rainfall in South Korea.

29
Geography of Southern Eastern Asia
  • Korean Peninsula bordering China.
  • A peninsula is a body of land surrounded on three
    sides by water.
  • The peninsula is surrounded by the East China
    Sea, Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, the Korean
    Strait and the Pacific Ocean.
  • The peninsula is home to the nation of Korea. 684
    miles long.
  • For most of its history Korea was a nation united
    by language and culture.
  • WWII, Korea was divided into North and South
    Korea.
  • South Korea usually has a warm and wet climate.
  • North Korea tends to be colder and has less than
    half of the average rainfall in South Korea.

30
Korean Peninsula
31
  • Question of the day
  • How does the geography impact the population
    distribution of Southern and Eastern Asia?
  • Take a few moments and develop an answer to this
    question on your paper.

32
  • India
  • India is a subcontinent- which is a large
    landmass that is smaller than a continent
  • India has a population of more than 1 billion
    people.
  • Most of the population is located in cities,
    where they live in shacks and struggle to make a
    living. Most of the major cities face
    overpopulation
  • The other parts of the population live in rural
    areas where they work as farmers and live with
    their extended family in simple houses

33
  • China-
  • The majority of the population in China lives on
    the eastern coast.
  • Most of the people live in small, rural villages
    and work as farmers.
  • Chinas Urban, or city, population is also on the
    rise because of the growing number of industries
    and trading taking place. Most of these Urban
    cities are located along the coast or major
    rivers.

34
  • JAPAN-
  • Has one of the worlds strongest fishing
    economies
  • It is a densely populated country (smaller than
    California with almost four times the population)
  • Most of these people live in crowded cities! For
    example Space is so limited in Tokyo that they
    have started building underground.
  • Others live in rural villages where they work on
    farms.
  • Problem with this is that most of the land in
    Japan is not arable. this is why the cities are
    so crowded!!!!! Most of Japans food is imported

35
  • Koreas-
  • North Korea has large deposits of coal, iron, and
    other minerals making it very rich in resources
  • South Korea and Japan are not so lucky
  • Both Koreas use their land to generate
    electricity
  • Most of the people in South and North Korea tend
    to live in cities
  • South Korea most of those cities are located
    along the coast. Very few people live in the
    rugged interior.
  • Life for people in the cities of North Korea is
    very different from that of people in South
    Korea. (NK No cars, no rights, electricity
    shortages)

36
  • Koreas-

37
  • Vietnam-
  • Vietnam occupies the eastern and southern part of
    the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia, with
    the South China Sea along its entire coast.
  • Vietnam is about twice the size of Arizona. The
    Mekong River delta lies in the south.
  • Besides rice, key exports are coffee, tea,
    rubber, and fisheries products.
  • The Government is also in the process of
    "equitizing" (e.g., transforming state
    enterprises into share holding companies and
    distributing a portion of the shares to
    management, workers and private foreign and
    domestic investors)

38
Causes of Pollution
  • Chinas and Indias economic and urban growth has
    caused serious issues for the environment.
  • Seven of the ten most polluted cities are located
    in China.
  • And Indias more than 1 billion people make it
    the second most populous country behind China
  • Pollution-
  • Caused by the increased number of cars and
    factories and also the burning of coal for
    electricity in China.

39
Effects of Pollution
  • Many nations in South, Southeast, and East Asia
    will now have to worry about the Asian Brown
    Cloud caused by too much pollution in the air.
  • causes waste from factories, motor vehicles,
    forest fires, etc.
  • .

40
Effects of Pollution
  • It is a brown haze that can alter the paths of
    monsoons, reduce photosynthesis, increase human
    respiratory problems, and reduces solar radiation
    to the earths surface.

41
Solutions to Population
  • In China they have instituted the
    one-child-per-family policy of 1979.
  • This states that any couple that has only one
    child will receive economic and educational
    benefits, while couples that have more than one
    child will have to pay fines.

42
Pollution on the Yangtze
  • Large amounts of waste are dumped in the Yangtze
    each year causing massive pollution.
  • Much of this waste comes from mineral fertilizers
    used in farming, factory waste, and also
    shipping.
  • Effects of pollution
  • Contaminated drinking water

43
Pollution on the Ganges
  • The Ganges river, which is a holy river to many
    people that live in India, has also seen a
    tremendous rise in pollution over the last
    several years.
  • Most of the pollution found in the Ganges comes
    from organic waste (sewage, trash, food, and
    human as well as animal remains)
  • The increase in Indias population is the cause
    of all this waste the sewage systems are not up
    to date

44
Effects of pollution on the Ganges
  • Because the Ganges is a sacred river to many
    Hindus- and there is a sacred practice of
    depositing human remains.
  • the river has become infected with many water-
    borne diseases (hepatitis, typhoid or cholera)
  • causing much of the population to become
    infected with these diseases
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