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Welcome to History 11

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Welcome to History 11 Political& Social History of the United States I Prof. Valadez Topics Theories explaining origins of Native Americans Diversity of Native ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome to History 11


1
  • Welcome to History 11
  • Political Social History of the United States I
  • Prof. Valadez

2
Topics
  • Theories explaining origins of Native Americans
  • Diversity of Native Americans
  • Similarities of Native Americans
  • True or false
  • The horse existed in the western hemisphere
    before 1492.
  • Columbus introduced the horse in the western
    hemisphere.
  • Agriculture first emerged in the Southwest.

3
The First Americans
  • Origins
  • Short Chronology
  • Long Chronology
  • Native beliefs
  • Diversity
  • Similarities
  • Kinship
  • Spirituality

4
  • Paleo-Indians 13,000 B.C.E. to 8,000 B.C.E.
  • Small bands of nomadic hunters
  • Diet consisted of big game species
  • Tradition of sharing scarce resources
  • Archaic peoples 8,000 B.C.E. to 2500 B.C.E.
  • Experienced tremendous environmental change sea
    levels rise
  • Diet small mammals, fish, wild plants, berries
  • Beginnings of agriculture

5
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6
Cultural Diversity, 2500 B.C.E.-C.E.1500
  • Mesoamerica
  • In Mesoamerica maize-cultivating societies
    emerge.
  • Olmecs first writing system
  • Trade networks and city-states follow earliest
    is Teotihuacan 100-600 C.E.
  • Teotihuacan declines, Mayan city-states spread
    through southern Mexico and Central America
    calendar, number and writing systems.
  • 1400s, Aztecs

7
Cultural Diversity, 2500 B.C.E.-C.E.1500
  • The Southwest
  • Hohokam and Anasazi cultures emerge.
  • Hohokams build extensive canal systems for
    irrigation villages with several hundred people.
  • Anasazis dominate for 600 years Chaco Canyon.
  • Droughts 12th-13th cultures decline.
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