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LEADERSHIP STYLES

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Title: LEADERSHIP STYLES


1
LEADERSHIP STYLES
2
TOTALITARIANISM
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES

3
TOTALITARIANISM
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES
-absolute control by a political party -a theory or system where all economic activity is controlled by a political party -leadership by a dictator who has complete power. They are usually aggressive and or racist -when a goal must be accomplished by a set time -when all citizens / members agree to the policies set by the leaders -if leaders abide by the same rules set for their citizens -if citizens / members do not agree to the rules or policies -if leaders do not follow the same rules as expected by their citizens / members -if there is no time limit for a goal -countries belonging to the former Soviet Union, China, Cuba, North Korea -Germany in the 1930s-40s
4
AUTOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES

5
AUTOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES
-tells others what to do -limits discussion on ideas -can be elected into power and is a less extreme form of totalitarianism -decisions are made by a king or queen (monarch) -time is limited in decision making -individuals/ group lack still and knowledge -group members / citizens do not get along or are unable to co-operate -developing a strong sense of team is a goal -group members or citizens have some degree of skill /knowledge -developing a strong sense of team is a goal -group members or citizens have some degree of skill /knowledge
6
DEMOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES

7
DEMOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES
-decisions are made by the majority -power rests in the body of citizens and the head of government is not a king or queen (monarch) -high degree of skill and motivation among group members -a sense of team exists -routines are familiar to participants -low sense of team /interdependence -members have low degree of skill / knowledge -group expects what to be told what to do -Canada, U.S
8
LAISSEZ-FAIRE
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES

9
LAISSEZ-FAIRE
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES
-no group leader or recognized system of government -a state of social disorder due to lack of government -time is available -group is motivated and /or a sense of team exists -members of the group have some degree of skill/knowledge -group is unmotivated -members have little skill or knowledge -high degree of conflict is present -Somalia
Often results in Anarchy
10
THEOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES

11
THEOCRATIC
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES
-leadership by the religion -if all members possess the same understanding of the religion -values / morals and ethics are the same for all members involved -if religious rules and regulations are interpreted differently among citizens / members -if values / morals and ethics are different for citizens / members -Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran (1979-1989)
12
ARISTOCRACY
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES

13
ARISTOCRACY
CHARACTERISTICS WHEN EFFECTIVE WHEN INEFFECTIVE EXAMPLES
-decisions made by those who are considered to be superior through wealth or education - when the aristocracy is interested in the welfare of the people - when the aristocracy becomes self interested in maintaining the status quo - France - Estates System
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