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History of Rioting

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History of Rioting Do you know their significance and why you are participating in them? What Does it Mean to Riot? Riots occur when crowds or even small groups of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Rioting


1
History of Rioting
  • Do you know their significance and why you are
    participating in them?

2
What Does it Mean to Riot?
  • Riots occur when crowds or even small groups of
    people gather to commit acts of violence and
    property damage, usually in reaction to a
    perceived grievance or out of dissent.
  • Historically, riots have occurred due to poor
    working or living conditions, government
    oppression, taxation or conscription, conflicts
    between races or religions, or even the outcome
    of a sporting event. Some claim that rioters are
    motivated by a rejection of or frustration with
    legal channels through which to air their
    grievances.

3
What Does it Mean to Riot?
  • Riots typically involve vandalism and the
    destruction of private and public property. The
    specific property to be targeted varies depending
    on the cause of the riot and the inclinations of
    those involved. Targets can include shops, cars,
    restaurants, state-owned institutions, and
    religious buildings.

4
Some Riots of the Past
  • 1182 - (Constantinople, Byzantine Empire).
    Venetians and other "Latins" massacred during a
    riot.
  • 1714 - Beer Tax Riots, (Alkmaar, Netherlands)
  • 1831 - Cholera Riots, (Sevastopol/St. Petersburg,
    Russia)
  • 1831 - Bristol Riots
  • 1832 - Anti-Abolitionist Riot, (New York City,
    New York, USA)
  • 1860 - Lambing Flat riots, (New South Wales,
    Australia)
  • 1861 - Baltimore Riot of 1861, (Baltimore,
    Maryland, USA)
  • 1902 - French School Riots, (Brittany/Savoy,
    France)
  • 1919 - Washington, DC Riot of 1919, (Washington,
    D.C., USA)
  • 1919 - Bloody Saturday, (Winnipeg, Manitoba,
    Canada)

5
Some Riots in the 21st Century
  • 2001 - Seattle Mardi Gras Riots, February 2001,
    (Seattle, WA, USA)
  • 2001 - 2001 Cincinnati Riots, April 2001,
    (Cincinnati, Ohio, USA)
  • 2001 - Quebec City Summit of the Americas, April
    2001 (Quebec, Canada)
  • 2002 - Ohio State University post Michigan
    football game riot, November 2002, (Columbus, OH,
    USA)
  • 2003 - Benton Harbor, Mich. Riot, June 2003,
    (Benton Harbor, Michigan, USA)
  • 2003 - Maldives civil unrest, September 2003,
    (Malé, Maldives) 2006 - 2006 Windsor ethnic
    violence
  • 2006 protests in Hungary
  • 2006 Brussels riots

6
The Many Faces of Riots
7
Recipe for Disaster
  • The most obvious way to get a riotous crowd to
    assemble is the occurrence of what could be
    called a Schelling incident,'' after Thomas
    Schelling, the great master of strategic theory.
    In The Strategy of Conflict (1960 90) Schelling
    wrote,
  • It is usually the essence of mob formation that
    the potential members have to know not only where
    and when to meet but just when to act so that
    they act in concert. Overt leadership solves the
    problem but leadership can often be identified
    and eliminated by the authority trying to prevent
    mob action. In this case the mob's problem is to
    act in unison without overt leadership, to find
    some common signal that makes everyone confident
    that, if he acts on it, he will not be acting
    alone. The role of incidents'' can thus be seen
    as a coordinating role it is a substitute for
    overt leadership and communication. Without
    something like an incident, it may be difficult
    to get action at all, since immunity requires
    that all know when to act together.

8
Stopping A Riot
  • Riots are typically dealt with by the police (as
    riot control), although methods differ from
    country to country.
  • Tactics and weapons used can include attack dogs,
    water cannons, plastic bullets, rubber bullets,
    pepper spray, and flexible baton rounds. Also,
    while the weapons described above are officially
    designated as non-lethal, a number of people have
    died or been injured as a result of their use.
  • Many police forces, such as the London
    Metropolitan Police Service, have dedicated
    divisions to deal with public order situations.
  • The policing of riots is controversial due to
    allegations that officers instigate, provoke or
    exacerbate situations into full-blown riots .
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