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Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders

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Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders A behavior which is judged to be deviant (atypical), distressful (disturbing), and dysfunctional. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders


1
Abnormal PsychologyA.K.A. Psychological Disorders
  • A behavior which is judged to be deviant
    (atypical), distressful (disturbing), and
    dysfunctional. Could also be maladaptive and
    unjustifiable.

2
Defining Psychological Well-Being
  • Self-acceptance
  • Positive relations
  • Autonomy
  • Environmental Mastery
  • Purpose in life
  • Personal Growth

3
Early Theories
  • Abnormal behavior was evil spirits trying to get
    out.
  • Trephining was often used.

4
Trephening
5
Early Theories
  • Another way to deal with the demons was to make
    the body extremely uncomfortable.

6
History of Mental Disorders
  • In the 1800s, disturbed people were no longer
    thought of as madmen, but as mentally ill.

They were first put in hospitals.
Did this mean better treatment?
7
Early Mental Hospitals
  • They were nothing more than barbaric prisons.
  • The patients were chained and locked away.
  • Some hospitals even charged admission for the
    public to see the crazies, just like a zoo.

8
Philippe Pinel
  • French doctor who was the first to take the
    chains off (and declare that these people are
    sick and a cure must be found).

9
Somatogenic or Medical Model
  • Late 1800s - it was believed that mental illness
    had a physical / organic cause - Somatogenic.

General Paresis from Syphilis is an example.
But Somatogenic could not explain disorders such
as hysteria (now called conversion disorder).
Many disorders are psychogenic the origin is
psychological, not physical.
10
Current Perspectives
  • Biopsychosocial Approach assumes biological,
    psychological and socio-cultural factors interact
    to produce specific psychological disorders. Most
    common view today.

Some disorders occur worldwide while others are
culture-bound.
11
Perspectives and Disorders
Psychological School/Perspective Cause of the Disorder
Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Internal, unconscious drives
Humanistic Failure to strive to ones potential or being out of touch with ones feelings.
Behavioral Reinforcement history, the environment.
Cognitive Irrational, dysfunctional thoughts or ways of thinking.
Sociocultural Dysfunctional Society
Biomedical/Neuroscience Organic problems, biochemical imbalances, genetic predispositions.
12
DSM-V
  • Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders the big book of disorders.
  • DSM will classify disorders and describe the
    symptoms.
  • DSM will NOT explain the causes or possible cures.

13
Two Major Classifications in the DSM
  • Neurotic Disorders
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Distressing but one can still function in society
    and act rationally.
  • Person loses contact with reality, experiences
    distorted perceptions.

John Wayne Gacy
14
The Rosenhan Study
  • Rosenhans associates were faking symptoms of
    hearing voices.
  • They were ALL admitted for schizophrenia.
  • None were exposed as imposters.
  • They all left diagnosed with schizophrenia in
    remission.
  • What are some of the questions raised by this
    study?
  • 1.) It showed the biasing power of diagnostic
    labels.
  • 2.) And those labels can serve as self-fulfilling
    prophecies (when the belief you have about a
    person makes you act in a way that induces the
    person to appear to confirm your belief).

15
Labeling Psychological Disorders
16
Do you think the mentally ill suffer
discrimination today?
17
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18
Why is Mental Illness though of differently in
society?
19
Myths and Facts of Mental illness
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