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Ancient Egypt~Nile River Valley Characteristics and Major Achievements

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Title: Ancient Egypt~Nile River Valley Characteristics and Major Achievements Author: Howard County Administrator Last modified by: Howard County Administrator – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt~Nile River Valley Characteristics and Major Achievements


1
Ancient EgyptNile River ValleyCharacteristics
and Major Achievements
2
1. Why do you suppose the southern region of
Egypt is called Upper Egypt?
A Because it is higher land (Nile River flows
north).
3
2 What did Greek historian call the gift of the
Nile?
  • A Egyptian civilization
  • Importance
  • Fresh water
  • Fertile soil
  • Route for trade/travel

4
3 What were the risks of farming near the Nile
River?
A Flood levels were unpredictable some years
floodwater would destroy fields and homes
5
4 What did ancient Egyptians do to manage the
Nile River?
A They built canals and strengthened riverbanks
to keep it from overflowing
6
5 How did the writing materials of the ancient
Egyptians differ from that of the Mesopatamians?
A Papyrus (from plant)
Cuneiform (clay tablets)
7
6 (contd) What problems might be associated
with clay tablets?
A They were heavy, not as easy to write on as
papyrus, they were breakable
8
6 What was a pharaoh? Why might King Tutankhamen
be so well known?
A A pharaoh is an Egyptian king King Tuts tomb
was found almost exactly as it had been left
thousands of years before
9
7 Why did ancient Egyptians build pyramids?
A Pyramids were built to provide places for
kings to spend the afterlife.
10
8 What is hieroglyphics?
A A writing system that uses pictographs to
stand for words or sounds.
11
8 (contd) How did the use of hieroglyphics help
Egyptian builders?
A To make lists of workers and supplies they
needed for the project.
12
9 How did pharaohs get enough workers to build
the pyramids?
A Every Egyptian family had to help with the
project-either as laborers, or providing food for
the workers.
13
10 What beliefs did ancient Egyptians have
about their ruling pharaohs?
A The pharaoh was believed to be the living son
of the sun god, and was linked to the sky god. He
was the main religious figure.
14
11 Why was the pharaoh so important to the
Egyptians?
A He was the chief judge, the commander in
chief, he set a religious example to guide the
common people.
15
12 How did ancient Egyptians prepare deceased
loved ones for the afterlife?
A They treated their bodies with preservatives,
or mummified them. They also filled their tombs
with items they believed the deceased could use
after death
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