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Fate and Destiny

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Title: From Classical to Contemporary Author: Lisa K. Perdigao Last modified by: lperdiga Created Date: 5/16/2006 1:26:44 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fate and Destiny


1
Fate and Destiny
  • HUM 2051 Civilization I
  • Fall 2010
  • Dr. Perdigao
  • October 15, 2010

2
Virgils Frames
  • As eulogy of Roman values (early reference to
    Fides and Vesta 939), the cost at which they
    are achieved and sustained
  • Translation from prose to poetic form (not always
    complete hexameter lines)
  • After completing the poem, he tries to fix
    remaining lines but does not change chronological
    sequence

3
New Order
  • Aeneas epithet is pious while the Greek heros
    physical and intellectual traits are emphasized
    Aeneas ethics, piety or devotion to his family,
    gods, and country are emphasized
  • Nostoshomecoming . . . Journey
  • Pietasdeep respect and reverence for ones
    father, family, country, ancestors, and the gods
  • Augustus (Julius Caesars great-nephew, adopted
    son) rulecivic renewal of Rome, revival of
    traditional religious devotion, and the fostering
    of a new patriotism. The arts become important
    vehicles for the ideals reflected in Virgils
    work

4
Comparison of Terms
  • Achilles and Odysseus are motivated by
    obligation by personal gain and glory and
    display heroic wrath while Aeneas is driven by
    obligation or duty (pietas) (Quartarone 202).
  • Junos wrath as motivationlike anger of Poseidon
    (Odyssey) and wrath of Achilles (Iliad) her
    anger over Dido and Carthage, injured honor (202)
  • VenusThetis (Iliad), Athena (Odyssey), as
    protectresses
  • Mercury intervenes to tell Aeneas that he must
    forsake personal glory and personal relationships
    (like/unlike when Hermes tells Odysseus that he
    must leave Calypso)

5
Close Readings
  • Opening lines, invocation to the muse, conceptual
    shift
  • Is this / The palm for loyalty? This our power
    restored? (937)
  • Response fated things to come, the gift of
    empire without end (938). From mythical
    beginnings to reality
  • Didos story, betrayal, Sychaeus, Pygmalion
  • Venus treatment of Aeneas, disguise
  • Venus spell
  • Ascanius/Iulus
  • (while Ilium stood)
  • Stories retold, caution of Trojans emphasized

6
Laocoön and his Sons/The Laocoön Group
www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/Laocoon/Laocoon.jpg
(Book II, 958)
7
Revisions
  • Hector appears in dream, like Achilles in
    underworld? (960)
  • Hectors story How changed / From that proud
    Hector who returned to Troy / Wearing Achilles
    armor (960, L367-368).
  • Trojans we have been Ilium has been / The
    glory of the Teucrians is no more (961)
  • Cassandras story dragged / By her long hair
    out of Minervas shrine, / Lifting her brilliant
    eyes in vain to heaven (963, L535).
  • Priams story in the very midst of death /
    Would neither hold his peace nor spare his anger
    (967, L692-693).

8
Revisions
  • And my dear fathers image came to mind / As our
    king, just his age, mortally wounded, / Gasped
    his life away before my eyes. / Creusa came to
    mind, too, left alone (968, L731-734).
  • Evoking pity
  • Never before so clearin a pure light / Stepping
    before me, radiant through the night, / My loving
    mother came immortal, tall, / And lovely as the
    lords of heaven know her. / Catching me by the
    hand, she held me back (968, L 773-777).
  • Controlling rage

9
Aeneas, Anchises, Ascanius (past, present, future)
http//www.wga.hu
10
Creusa who?
  • Creusas words If you are going out to die,
    take us / To face the whole thing with you. . . .
    / When you have gone, to whom is Iulus left? /
    Your father? Wife?one called that long ago
    (971, L881-886).
  • Revision of Andromaches words? Here, asking for
    new role but as forward-thinking as Lysistrata?
  • 972-974 journey, loss of Creusa, as shade,
    patterns of 3s What happens to Creusa? What is
    Aeneas reaction? Does this parallel his
    treatment of Dido? (i.e., how does duty-bound
    Aeneas treat women? and you thought Odysseus
    was bad!)
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