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The Black Death

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The Black Death Miss K. Guppy The Plague Arrives in England Historians think that the plague arrived in England during the summer of 1348 It is widely believed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death


1
The Black Death
Miss K. Guppy
2
The Plague Arrives in England
  • Historians think that the plague arrived in
    England during the summer of 1348
  • It is widely believed that Bristol (an important
    port city) was the place where the Black Death
    first reached England
  • By 1st November the plague had reached London
  • By 1350 nearly the whole of Britain was infected
    with the plauge

3
The Plague Arrives in England
  • Between 1348 and 1350, the plague killed nearly
    two and a half million people 30-40 of
    Englands population
  • Englands estimated total population in 1350 is
    between 5 and 6 million
  • The plague kills an estimated 25 million people
    throughout Europe

4
Where did the Black Death Come From?
5
Three Forms of Plague
  • The Black Death came in three forms
  • Bubonic
  • Pneumonic
  • Septicemic
  • Each form of the plague killed people in a
    indifferent way
  • All forms were caused by the bacteria Yersinia
    pestis
  • Each type of plague can occur independently or in
    combination

6
Bubonic Plague
  • Most common form of the Black Death
  • Mortality rate was 30-75
  • Symptoms
  • Enlarged and enflamed lymph nodes (around
    armpits, neck and groin)
  • Called buboes
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Aching joints
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Bleeding under the skin causing dark spots to
    appear
  • Symptoms took from 1-7 days to appear

7
Pneumonic Plague
  • Second most common form of Black Death
  • Pneumonic and septicemic plague were probably
    less common because victims died before they
    could reach other places
  • Mortality rate was 90-95
  • If treated today mortality would be 5-10
  • Mainly infected the lungs
  • Symptoms
  • Slimy saliva and mucus mixed with blood
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Pneumonia
  • Shock

8
Septicemic Plague
  • Most rare form
  • Mortality was close to 100
  • Symptoms
  • High fever
  • Skin turning deep shades of purple
  • Caused by Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
    (DIC)
  • Victims usually died the same day as symptoms
    appeared

9
Typical Progression of the Bubonic Plague
10
What Caused the Plague?
  • The primary culprits in transmitting this disease
    were Oriental Rat Fleas carried on the back of
    black rats
  • Pneumonic plague was transmitted by airborne
    droplets
  • Although a flea cannot fly it can jump up to 200
    times its own body length and 130 times its own
    height

11
Transmission Bubonic and Septicemic Plague
12
Transmission Bubonic vs Pneumonic Plague
13
What did People Think Caused the Plague in 1348?
  • People were scared because they didnt know what
    caused the plague
  • A punishment from God
  • Foreigners poisoning the wells
  • Bad air
  • Positions of the planets

14
Attempts to Avoid the Plague
  • Avoid breathing the same air as a plague victim
  • Sit next to a blazing hot fire (it worked for the
    Pope in the summer of 1348)
  • Live in a house sheltered from the wind and keep
    the windows closed
  • Attack foreigners and people of different
    religions (20,000 Jews were burned to death in
    Strasbourg in 1348)
  • Letter from King Edward III to the Mayor of
    London (1349)
  • You are to make sure that all the human
    excrement and other filth lying in the street of
    the city is removed. You are to cause the city
    to be cleaned from all bad smells so that no more
    people will die from such smells.
  • Walk around breathing flowers, herbs or spices
  • 7. Live as a hermit eat and drink in moderation
    and see no one
  • 8. Run away to the country
  • 9. Pray for forgiveness
  • Go on a pilgrimage. Punish yourself in public by
    joining the flagellants

15
Flagellants
  • Flagellants were people who travelled around
    whipping each other
  • Believed that the Black Death was Gods
    punishment
  • Punished themselves in order to beg forgiveness

16
Ring Around the Rosie
  • Ring around the rosie
  • A pocketful of posies
  • Ashes, ashes
  • We all fall down!
  • Dates back to around 1666
  • Some believe that it makes reference to the 1665
    plague epidemic
  • Ring around the rosy might refer to the
    plagues symptoms on the skin
  • A pocketful of posies might refer to the herbs
    and flowers carried due to the belief that
    disease was transmitted by bad smells
  • Ashes and We all fall down might refer to
    death
  • This is sometimes replaced by Atishoo
    sneezing was also a symptom of the plague

17
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