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Title:

LEGUMES

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LEGUMES PASTURE LEGUMES Climbing & Twining Mainly cover crop species Centro Puero Calapo Upright shrubs & creeping Stylo Desmodium Arachis pintoi Tree Legumes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Learn more at: http://vodppl.upm.edu.my
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Title: LEGUMES


1
LEGUMES
2
PASTURE LEGUMES
3
Centro (Centrosema pubescens)
  • Used in mixtures as cover crops in plantations
  • Native of South America
  • Protein content of 23.6, yields 6-10 t/ha
  • Unsuited to very wet or too dry conditions
  • Climbs tree trunks and fences if left unchecked
  • Most palatable among the legume mixtures
  • High persistence

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Puero (Pueraria phaseoloides)
  • A component of legume mixture
  • Indigenous to Malaysia
  • Vigorous early growth, large leaves
  • Not tolerant to heavy grazing
  • Able to grow in low fertility and acid soils
  • Protein content 17.5 , yields 5-10 t/ha

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Calapo Calapogonium mucunoides
  • Another component of cover crops
  • Native of South America
  • Aggressive growth
  • Not very palatable because of hairy stems and
    leaves
  • Protein content 15.6 yield 5-10 t/ha

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Stylo Stylosanthes guianensis
  • Has been used as cover crops
  • Upright shrub, not climbing
  • Tolerant to poor soils with low P
  • Tolerant to sandy soils and drought

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12
Petai belalang Leucaena leucocephala
  • A tree legume, can reach 9 m height
  • Native of Central America and Pacific Islands
  • Requires high soil pH (gt6), needs liming in most
    Malaysian soils
  • Contains amino acid mimosine that cause toxicity
    to animals. Limit intake to 30 of diet
  • Susceptible to Psyllids (sucking insects)
  • High protein gt 25

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15
Gliricidia sepium
  • A tree legume usually used as shade in cocoa and
    coffee plantations
  • Easily established using cuttings
  • Leaves emit odour when fresh, should be wilted
    before feeding
  • High dry matter yield, regrow easily after cutting

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Planting mix legume-grass pasture
18
Legume seedlings
19
Legume-Grass Mixture
20
New legumes for Tropics?
  • ALFALFA (Lucerne)

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End
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