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Chapter 18 - The Cardiovascular System: The Heart

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Chapter 18 - The Cardiovascular System: The Heart Cardiac Output and Control Heart Anatomy Pathway of blood Heart Conduction Cardiac Cycle $100 $100 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 18 - The Cardiovascular System: The Heart


1
Chapter 18 - The Cardiovascular System The Heart
Cardiac Output and Control
Heart Anatomy
Pathway of blood
Heart Conduction
Cardiac Cycle
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FINAL ROUND
2
Heart Anatomy 100 Question
  • Cardiac muscle is found in which layer of the
    heart?
  • a. endocardium
  • b. myocardium
  • c. epicardium
  • d. pericardium

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
3
Heart Anatomy 100 Answer
  • Cardiac muscle is found in which layer of the
    heart?
  • a. endocardium
  • b. myocardium
  • c. epicardium
  • d. pericardium

BACK TO GAME
4
Heart Anatomy 200 Question
  • This valve is found between the right atrium and
    the right ventricle.
  • a. mitral
  • b. tricuspid
  • c. bicuspid
  • d. semilunar

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
5
Heart Anatomy 200 Answer
  • This valve is found between the right atrium and
    the right ventricle.
  • a. mitral
  • b. tricuspid
  • c. bicuspid
  • d. semilunar

BACK TO GAME
6
Heart Anatomy 300 Question
  • The anterior surface of the heart consists mostly
    of this chamber.
  • a. right atrium
  • b. left atrium
  • c. right ventricle
  • d. left ventricle

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
7
Heart Anatomy 300 Answer
  • The anterior surface of the heart consists mostly
    of this chamber.
  • a. right atrium
  • b. left atrium
  • c. right ventricle
  • d. left ventricle

BACK TO GAME
8
Heart Anatomy 400 Question
  • These structures prevent prolapse of the
    atrioventricular valves.
  • a. chordae tendinae
  • b. crista terminalis
  • c. trabeculae carneae
  • d. intercalated discs

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
9
Heart Anatomy 400 Answer
  • These structures prevent prolapse of the
    atrioventricular valves.
  • a. chordae tendinae
  • b. crista terminalis
  • c. trabeculae carneae
  • d. intercalated discs

BACK TO GAME
10
Heart Anatomy 500 Question
  • All of these structures can be identified in the
    ventricles except
  • a. trabeculae carneae
  • b. papillary muscles
  • c. pectinate muscles
  • d. chordae tendinae

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
11
Heart Anatomy 500 Answer
  • All of these structures can be identified in the
    ventricles except
  • a. trabeculae carneae
  • b. papillary muscles
  • c. pectinate muscles
  • d. chordae tendinae

BACK TO GAME
12
Pathway of blood 100 Question
  • Blood is carried to the heart by these vessels.
  • a. arteries
  • b. veins
  • c. auricles
  • d. capillaries

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
13
Pathway of blood 100 Answer
  • Blood is carried to the heart by these vessels.
  • a. arteries
  • b. veins
  • c. auricles
  • d. capillaries

BACK TO GAME
14
Pathway of blood 200 Question
  • All oxygenated blood returns to the heart via
    the
  • a. pulmonary artery
  • b. pulmonary veins
  • c. Aorta
  • d. vena cavae

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
15
Pathway of blood 200 Answer
  • All oxygenated blood returns to the heart via
    the
  • a. pulmonary artery
  • b. pulmonary veins
  • c. Aorta
  • d. vena cavae

BACK TO GAME
16
Pathway of blood 300 Question
  • Blood being pumped out of the left ventricle
    enters the
  • a. pulmonary artery
  • b. aorta
  • c. coronary sinus
  • d. vena cavae

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
17
Pathway of blood 300 Answer
  • Blood being pumped out of the left ventricle
    enters the
  • a. pulmonary artery
  • b. aorta
  • c. coronary sinus
  • d. vena cavae

BACK TO GAME
18
Pathway of blood 400 Question
  • Blood is prevented from flowing back into the
    left ventricle by the
  • a. semilunar valve
  • b. tricuspid valve
  • c. chordae tendinae
  • d. mitral valve

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
19
Pathway of blood 400 Answer
  • Blood is prevented from flowing back into the
    left ventricle by the
  • a. semilunar valve
  • b. tricuspid valve
  • c. chordae tendinae
  • d. mitral valve

BACK TO GAME
20
Pathway of blood 500 Question
  • Deoxygenated blood from the myocardium enters the
    right atrium through the
  • a. cardiac veins
  • b. coronary arteries
  • c. coronary sinus
  • d. superior vena cava

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
21
Pathway of blood 500 Answer
  • Deoxygenated blood from the myocardium enters the
    right atrium through the
  • a. cardiac veins
  • b. coronary arteries
  • c. coronary sinus
  • d. superior vena cava

BACK TO GAME
22
Heart Conduction 100 Question
  • This area is known as the pacemaker of the heart.
  • a. AV node
  • b. SA node
  • c. bundle of His
  • d. purkinje fibers

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
23
Heart Conduction 100 Answer
  • This area is known as the pacemaker of the heart.
  • a. AV node
  • b. SA node
  • c. bundle of His
  • d. purkinje fibers

BACK TO GAME
24
Heart Conduction 200 Question
  • The bundle of His is located here
  • a. interatrial septum
  • b. interventricular septum
  • c. floor of the right atrium
  • d. apex of the heart

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
25
Heart Conduction 200 Answer
  • The bundle of His is located here
  • a. interatrial septum
  • b. interventricular septum
  • c. floor of the right atrium
  • d. apex of the heart

BACK TO GAME
26
Heart Conduction 300 Question
  • Atrial repolarization occurs during this period
    of time seen on an EKG.
  • a. P wave
  • b. QRS complex
  • c. T wave
  • d. ST segment

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
27
Heart Conduction 300 Answer
  • Atrial repolarization occurs during this period
    of time seen on an EKG.
  • a. P wave
  • b. QRS complex
  • c. T wave
  • d. ST segment

BACK TO GAME
28
Heart Conduction 400 Question
  • The entire ventricular myocardium is depolarized
    during this time on an EKG.
  • a. ST segment
  • b. QT interval
  • c. QRS complex
  • d. T wave

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
29
Heart Conduction 400 Answer
  • The entire ventricular myocardium is depolarized
    during this time on an EKG.
  • a. ST segment
  • b. QT interval
  • c. QRS complex
  • d. T wave

BACK TO GAME
30
Heart Conduction 500 Question
  • Nerve impulses are directly supplied to the
    papillary muscles by the
  • a. SA node
  • b. purkinje fibers
  • c. AV node
  • d. bundle of His

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
31
Heart Conduction 500 Answer
  • Nerve impulses are directly supplied to the
    papillary muscles by the
  • a. SA node
  • b. purkinje fibers
  • c. AV node
  • d. bundle of His

BACK TO GAME
32
Cardiac Cycle 100 Question
  • The lub-dup heart sounds heard during
    auscultation of the heart are associated with
  • a. the SA node firing
  • b. the heart valves opening
  • c. the heart valves closing
  • d. blood flowing from the atria to the ventricles

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
33
Cardiac Cycle 100 Answer
  • The lub-dup heart sounds heard during
    auscultation of the heart are associated with
  • a. the SA node firing
  • b. the heart valves opening
  • c. the heart valves closing
  • d. blood flowing from the atria to the ventricles

BACK TO GAME
34
Cardiac Cycle 200 Question
  • All four heart valves are closed during this
    time.
  • a. all of ventricular systole
  • b. all of ventricular diastole
  • c. ventricular ejection
  • d. isovolumetric contraction

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
35
Cardiac Cycle 200 Answer
  • All four heart valves are closed during this
    time.
  • a. all of ventricular systole
  • b. all of ventricular diastole
  • c. ventricular ejection
  • d. isovolumetric contraction

BACK TO GAME
36
Cardiac Cycle 300 Question
  • Blood flow during ventricular filling is most
    dependant upon
  • a. pressure changes
  • b. pumping action
  • c. concentration gradient
  • d. conduction system

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
37
Cardiac Cycle 300 Answer
  • Blood flow during ventricular filling is most
    dependant upon
  • a. pressure changes
  • b. pumping action
  • c. concentration gradient
  • d. conduction system

BACK TO GAME
38
Cardiac Cycle 400 Question
  • During which part of the cardiac cycle would
    pressure in the ventricle be at its lowest?
  • a. mid diastole
  • b. isovolumetric contraction
  • c. ventricular ejection
  • d. late systole

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
39
Cardiac Cycle 400 Answer
  • During which part of the cardiac cycle would
    pressure in the ventricle be at its lowest?
  • a. mid diastole
  • b. isovolumetric contraction
  • c. ventricular ejection
  • d. late systole

BACK TO GAME
40
Cardiac Cycle 500 Question
  • The greatest decrease in ventricular pressure
    occurs at this time.
  • a. isovolumetric contraction
  • b. isovolumetric relaxation
  • c. ventricular systole
  • d. ventricular filling

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
41
Cardiac Cycle 500 Answer
  • The greatest decrease in ventricular pressure
    occurs at this time.
  • a. isovolumetric contraction
  • b. isovolumetric relaxation
  • c. ventricular systole
  • d. ventricular filling

BACK TO GAME
42
Cardiac Output and Control 100 Question
  • The amount of blood pumped out of each ventricle
    in one minute is called
  • a. stroke volume
  • b. cardiac output
  • c. cardiac reserve
  • d. end diastolic volume

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
43
Cardiac Output and Control 100 Answer
  • The amount of blood pumped out of each ventricle
    in one minute is called
  • a. stroke volume
  • b. cardiac output
  • c. cardiac reserve
  • d. end diastolic volume

BACK TO GAME
44
Cardiac Output and Control 200 Question
  • An increase in heart rate by the sympathetic
    nervous system is a
  • a. positive inotropic effect
  • b. negative inotropic effect
  • c. positive chronotropic effect
  • d. negative chronotropic effect

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
45
Cardiac Output and Control 200 Answer
  • An increase in heart rate by the sympathetic
    nervous system is a
  • a. positive inotropic effect
  • b. negative inotropic effect
  • c. positive chronotropic effect
  • d. negative chronotropic effect

BACK TO GAME
46
Cardiac Output and Control 300 Question
  • An increase in end diastolic volume would have
    which effect on cardiac ouput.
  • a. increase
  • b. decrease
  • c. no effect
  • d. varies from person to person

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
47
Cardiac Output and Control 300 Answer
  • An increase in end diastolic volume would have
    which effect on cardiac ouput.
  • a. increase
  • b. decrease
  • c. no effect
  • d. varies from person to person

BACK TO GAME
48
Cardiac Output and Control 400 Question
  • The parasympathetic nervous system decreases
    heart rate by
  • a. releasing norepinephrine
  • b. opening sodium gates
  • c. closing sodium gates
  • d. opening potassium gates

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
49
Cardiac Output and Control 400 Answer
  • The parasympathetic nervous system decreases
    heart rate by
  • a. releasing norepinephrine
  • b. opening sodium gates
  • c. closing sodium gates
  • d. opening potassium gates

BACK TO GAME
50
Cardiac Output and Control 500 Question
  • The most important factor for stretching cardiac
    muscle is
  • a. heart rate
  • b. end systolic volume
  • c. end diastolic volume
  • d. stroke volume

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
51
Cardiac Output and Control 500 Answer
  • The most important factor for stretching cardiac
    muscle is
  • a. heart rate
  • b. end systolic volume
  • c. end diastolic volume
  • d. stroke volume

BACK TO GAME
52
FINAL ROUND Question
  • Hypertension can decrease cardiac output by
    directly causing an increase in
  • a. end systolic volume
  • b. end diastolic volume
  • c. stroke volume
  • d. all three volumes are increased

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
53
FINAL ROUND Answer
  • Hypertension can decrease cardiac output by
    directly causing an increase in
  • a. end systolic volume
  • b. end diastolic volume
  • c. stroke volume
  • d. all three volumes are increased

BACK TO GAME
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