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20th Century Revolutions

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20th Century Revolutions Mexico, Russia, China, and Cuba Compare and contrast 20th century revolutions to 18th/19th century revolutions Not based on Enlightenment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 20th Century Revolutions


1
20th Century Revolutions
  • Mexico, Russia, China, and Cuba

2
Compare and contrast 20th century revolutions to
18th/19th century revolutions
  • Not based on Enlightenment ideas but rather
    socialism and communism.
  • The end result was NOT democracy for all but
    rather improvements to society.
  • Leaders were still mostly intellectuals
  • Geared less to the middle class and more to the
    peasants and proletariat.
  • Revolutions tend to be more violent, repressive,
    and use a great deal of technology.

3
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4
Mexican Revolution
  • Date 1911-1928
  • Leaders Madero, Pancho Villa, Zapata, Carranza
  • Philosophy Socialism (land reform)
  • Reasons for revolt
  • Unequal land distribution
  • Powerful church
  • Workers rights

5
It is better to die on my feet than continue
living on my knees Emiliano Zapata
  • Francisco Pancho Villa
  • Emiliano Zapata

6
Mexican Revolution
  • Effects
  • Political PRI, dictator (one party rule), and
    stability
  • Social Equality for men, limited legal rights
    for women, state controls church.
  • Economic Land reform and workers rights

7
Russia
  • Date 1917
  • Leaders Lenin, Trotsky, Kerensky, and Stalin
  • Philosophy Communism (more emphasis on the
    proletariat)
  • Reasons for revolt
  • Military defeats
  • Land reform for peasants
  • Oppressive Czar
  • Workers rights

8
One man with a gun can control 100 without one.
-Vladimir Lenin
  • Josef Stalin and Valdimir Lenin
  • Czar Nicholas II, Czarina Alexandria, Czarevich
    Alexi, Tatiana, Olga, Marie, and Anastasia

9
Rasputin
10
Russia
  • Effects
  • Political Civil war and left WWI
  • Social Workers and peasants gain power.
  • Economic Command economy, no private property,
    and industrialization.

11
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12
China
  • Date 1949 (although the May Fourth Movement in
    1919 began the anti-western feelings when
    demonstrations were held against the Treaty of
    Versailles and foreigners)
  • Leader Mao Zedong (Communist) vs. Chiang
    Kai-shek (Nationalist)
  • Philosophy Communism
  • Reasons for revolt Communist ideology, peasant
    revolt, and land reform

13
Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others
are eliminated. Such is history such is the
history of civilization for thousands of years.
-Mao Zedong
  • Mao Zedong (Chairman Mao)
  • Chiang Kai-shek

14
China
  • Effects
  • Political Dictatorship and the defeat of the
    nationalists.
  • Social Equality of classes.
  • Economic Collective farms.
  • The Communist were forced to make the Long March
    (6,000 miles) to evade nationalist troops
  • The Chinese civil war was suspended when the
    Japanese invaded in 1937.

15
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16
Cuba
  • Date 1959
  • Leader Fidel Castro
  • Philosophy Communism
  • Reason for revolt Resentment over the
    dictatorship of Batista.

17
A revolution is a struggle to the death between
the future and the past. -Fidel Castro
  • Batista
  • Fidel Castro

18
Cuba
  • Effects
  • Political Harsh dictatorship
  • Social Literacy, healthcare, and limited press
  • Economic The economy improves temporarily.
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