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HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS

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HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS For Tulane Laboratory and Facilities Employees May 2012 Tulane University - Office of Environmental Health & Safety (OEHS) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS


1
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
  • For Tulane Laboratory and Facilities Employees
  • May 2012

2
Objectives
  • Be Familiar with The Emergency Response Guide
  • Use Good Work Practices
  • Have an Emergency Plan
  • Know What To Do When a Spill Occurs
  • Complete Post-Spill Activities
  • Know How to Report a Spill After-Hours

3
Be Familiar with the Emergency Response Guide
(Available from OEHS)
  • Medical Emergencies/Personal Injuries
  • Fires
  • Chemicals
  • Biological Materials
  • Radioactive Materials
  • Mercury

4
Good Work Practices
  • Hazardous materials spills can be avoided if the
    following good work practices are followed
  • Secure all materials before leaving the work area
  • Never work with materials on the edge of the lab
    counter
  • Transport the material in a container designed
    for spills ( i.e., shatter proof materials)
  • Never lift heavy boxes containing hazardous
    materials
  • Work with small amounts

5
Preparation Have an Emergency Response Plan
  • Incidents involving hazardous materials will
    happen and there are steps which a user can take
    to ensure a quick and safe clean up
  • Include in your SOP/Chemical Hygiene Plan a spill
    response procedure
  • Post the Emergency Response Guide (available from
    OEHS) in your area and become familiar the
    contents
  • Have accessible hazardous material spill response
    equipment
  • Have ready access to Material Safety Data Sheets
    (MSDSs) for chemicals used in area
  • Train everyone in your work area on response
    procedures, including review of this OEHS
    training presentation

6
Know What To Do When A Spill Occurs- Minor
Chemical Spill
  • A minor chemical spill is one that on-site staff
    are capable of handling safely without the
    assistance of OEHS and other emergency response
    personnel. All other chemical spills are
    considered major.

7
Know What To Do When A Spill Occurs- Minor
Chemical Spill
  • Turn off or remove sources of ignition
  • Confine the spill (e.g., upright container, close
    doors, pull down sash of hood)
  • Alert others, evacuate if necessary
  • Notify supervisor
  • Consult MSDS
  • Avoid breathing vapors, wear appropriate personal
    protective equipment (PPE)
  • Absorb and/or neutralize spill
  • Collect residue, label properly, and dispose as
    hazardous waste
  • Clean spill area
  • Dispose of or clean PPE
  • Wash hands and exposed skin with soap and water

8
Know What To Do When A Spill OccursMajor
Chemical Spill
  • Attend to injured or contaminated persons.
    Remove them from further exposure.
  • As needed, immediately flush the eyes with water
    using the eyewash fountain or use the safety
    shower for body exposure. Flush for at least 15
    minutes.
  • Alert others in area to evacuate
  • Turn off or remove sources of ignition in the
    vicinity of the spill

9
Know What To Do When A Spill Occurs- Major
Chemical Spill (contd)
  • Confine the spill (e.g., upright container, close
    doors, pull down sash of hood)
  • Evacuate the area
  • Close doors to affected area
  • Notify supervisor, OEHS (504-988-5486, ext. 1),
    and Tulane Police/TUDPS
  • Standby to assist emergency personnel in
    uncontaminated area

10
Complete Post-Spill Activities
  • Review SOPs and spill response procedures, noting
    any changes or improvements to be made
  • Replace any spill response equipment that you
    used
  • Containerize, properly label, and dispose of any
    hazardous waste with the assistance of OEHS
  • For major spills, OEHS and Tulane Police/TUDPS
    will complete Incident Reports on the occurrence

11
Know How to Report a Hazardous Materials Spill
After Hours
  • Activate Fire Alarm if Fire is involved
  • Contact Tulane Police/Public Safety
  • Uptown 504-865-5200
  • Health Sciences Center 504-988-5555
  • Primate Center 985-871-6411
  • Tulane Police will contact the OEHS on-call person

12
Biological Material Spills
  • SPILL INVOLVING MICROORGANISM REQUIRING BSL1
    CONTAINMENT
  • Wear disposable gloves.
  • Soak paper towels in disinfectant and place over
    spill area.
  • Collect paper towels in plastic bag for disposal.
  • Clean spill area with fresh towels soaked in
    disinfectant. Red bag all waste.
  • Wash hands with soap and water.

13
Biological Material Spills
  • SPILL INVOLVING MICROORGANISM REQUIRING BSL2
    CONTAINMENT
  • Alert people in immediate area of spill. If
    infectious aerosols are involved, evacuate
    holding breath, and wait 30 minutes before
    reentry.
  • Notify the supervisor.
  • Wear protective equipment such as disposable
    gloves, lab coat, gown, apron, shoe covers,
    safety goggles, HEPA respirator, or face shield.
  • Cover spill with paper towels or other absorbent
    materials.
  • Pour disinfectant (such as 10 diluted bleach)
    around edges of spill and then into the spill.
    Avoid splashing.
  • Wait at least 20 minutes to allow adequate
    contact disinfection.
  • Wipe up the spill with paper towels, working from
    the edges into the center.
  • Clean the spill area with fresh towels soaked in
    disinfectant.
  • Place collected towels in a plastic bag and seal.
    Decontaminate in an autoclave or put in red bag
    waste container.
  • Dispose of contaminated personal protective
    equipment as red bag waste.
  • Wash hands with soap and water.

14
Biological Material Spills
  • SPILL INVOLVING MICROORGANISM REQUIRING BSL3
    CONTAINMENT
  • Alert people in the laboratory to evacuate.
    Evacuate holding breath, and wait 30 minutes
    before reentry.
  • Attend to injured or contaminated persons and
    remove them from exposure.
  • Close door to the affected area.
  • Remove any contaminated clothing and wash
    affected area of body with soap and water.
  • Notify the supervisor, Tulane Police/Public
    Safety, and OEHS (504-988-5486, ext. 1). At
    Primate Center, notify the DSR. (Note Personnel
    from the laboratory will be required to provide
    support to OEHS personnel in the uncontaminated
    area.)
  • Cleanup and decontamination shall be carried out
    as in BSL2 instructions above.

15
Radioactive Material Spills
  • Danger of radioactive exposure can be measured in
    terms of time and distance. The less time you
    are near the source of the radiation, the better.
    The farther you can get away from the source,
    the better.
  • MINOR RADIATION SPILL
  • Alert people in the immediate area of the spill.
  • Notify the supervisor and the Radiation Safety
    Officer (504-988-5486, ext. 1).
  • Assemble all potentially contaminated persons and
    monitor them before allowing them to leave the
    area. Carefully monitor their shoes.
  • Wear protective equipment including safety
    goggles, disposable gloves, shoe covers, and lab
    coat.
  • Place absorbent paper towels over liquid spill.
    Place towels dampened with water over spills of
    solid materials.
  • Collect paper towels in a plastic bag using
    forceps.
  • Dispose of materials in waste containers
    designated for radioactive waste.
  • Monitor the area, hands, and shoes for
    contamination with an appropriate survey meter or
    method.
  • Repeat cleanup until decontamination is no longer
    detected.
  • Wash hands with soap and water.

16
Radioactive Material Spills
  • MAJOR RADIATION SPILL
  • Attend to injured or contaminated persons and
    remove them from exposure.
  • Alert people in the laboratory of the need to
    evacuate. Assemble all potentially contaminated
    persons and monitor them before allowing them to
    leave the area. Carefully monitor their shoes.
  • Notify the supervisor and the Radiation Safety
    Officer (504-988-5486, ext. 1).
  • Close doors and prevent entrance into the
    affected area.
  • Wait for response from the Radiation Safety
    Officer. (Note Personnel from the laboratory
    will be required to provide support to OEHS
    personnel in the uncontaminated area.)

17
Mercury Spills
  • Alert personnel in the area of the spill.
    Evacuate if necessary.
  • Notify supervisor.
  • Ensure area is properly ventilated.
  • Obtain Mercury Spill Kit from OEHS.
  • Wear personal protective equipment including
    gloves when attempting to clean up spill.
  • Use the mercury spill kit (pipette and suction
    bulb) and follow the instructions to remove all
    visible mercury.
  • Cover area with mercury absorbent to amalgamate
    mercury residue so the spill wont emit dangerous
    mercury vapor.
  • Scoop up mercury absorbent and place all
    materials that have been contaminated with
    mercury in a plastic bag. Label this bag as
    Mercury Contaminated Waste and contact OEHS for
    pick-up.
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after
    cleanup.

18
Summary
  • Have an Emergency Response Guide available which
    lists emergency response procedures and phone
    numbers
  • Train personnel on how to properly respond to
    spill incidents involving hazardous materials
  • Prepare your work area by having the proper spill
    response equipment available
  • Include spill clean up procedures in your SOPs
    and emergency response plans
  • Be available in the uncontaminated area to assist
    emergency responders

19
Tulane UniversityOffice of Environmental Health
Safety (OEHS)http//tulane.edu/oehsPam
Fatland 504-988-2865 / pfatlan_at_tulane.eduIf
unable to proceed to quiz, type the link below
into your browserhttps//pandora.tcs.tulane.edu/e
hs/enterssn.cfm?testnum93
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