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Developing a Solid Waste Management Strategy for Michigan State University

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Developing a Solid Waste Management Strategy for Michigan State University Satish Joshi Shaufique Sidique Susan Selke Gaurav Dabholkar Terry Link Pete Pasturez – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Developing a Solid Waste Management Strategy for Michigan State University


1
Developing a Solid Waste Management Strategy for
Michigan State University
  • Satish Joshi Shaufique Sidique
  • Susan Selke Gaurav Dabholkar
  • Terry Link Pete Pasturez
  • Ruth Daoust

Sustainable Campus Conference November 3-4,
College Park, MD
2
Project Goals
  • Developing a Solid Waste Management Strategy for
    the MSU Campus
  • Minimizing Environmental Impacts (life cycle)
  • Minimizing Costs of Waste Management
  • Incorporating Sustainability Principles
  • Evaluation of Current Practices and Systems
  • Developing Recommendations

3
Campus Overview
  • Area 5200 Acres
  • Number of Students 44,836 (Fall 2004)
  • Largest residence hall system in the country with
    23 undergraduate halls, one graduate hall, and
    three apartment villages
  • Faculty and Staff 10,500
  • Number of buildings 660

4
Sources of Solid Wastes
  • Lecture Halls, Classrooms and Computer Labs
  • Administrative and Faculty Offices
  • Laboratories and Research Facilities
  • Medical and Veterinary Facilities
  • Residence Halls and University Apartments
  • Cafeterias and Other Food Service Facilities
  • Transportation Department
  • Grounds Department
  • MSU Farms
  • Power Plant
  • MSU Laundry
  • Printing Department
  • University Stores
  • Physical Plant
  • Construction, Demolition and Renovation
    activities
  • Special Events (Games, performances, graduation
    etc)

5
Project Approach
  • Conduct an inventory of waste streams
  • Assess current practices and systems
  • Compile relevant financial and environmental
    impact data
  • Recommendations covering
  • Input systems (Green purchasing, source reduction
    etc)
  • Output systems (collection, disposal, recycling,
    surplus, )
  • Process control (EMS, Planning, targets,
    monitoring, evaluation feedback, incentive
    mechanisms, awareness and education programs,
    risk management)

6
MSU Waste Management
  • Office of Recycling and Waste Management (ORWM)
  • Office of Radiation, Chemical Biological Safety
    (ORCBS)
  • University Laboratory Animal Resources (ULAR)
  • MSU Surplus Store
  • Farms, Grounds, Power-plant, transportation

7
(No Transcript)
8
Office of Recycling and Waste Management (ORWM)
  • Responsible for the pickup and compacting of
    refuse from the MSU campus and transporting it to
    the landfill
  • Collects the following materials for recycling
    from campus bottles, aluminum cans, steel cans,
    steel scrap, office paper, corrugated board,
    glass food containers, wooden pallets, used
    printer cartridges and electronic wastes such as
    computers and accessories

KEEP THE CAMPUS CLEAN
9
Waste Handled by ORWM Wastes Landfilled
ORWM Landfill Waste Data for Fiscal Year 03-04 ORWM Landfill Waste Data for Fiscal Year 03-04
Waste Type Weight (tons)
Class 100 (compact) 35,600
Class 200 (non-compact) 6,288
Class 310 (non-haz sludge) 8
Class 330 (medical waste) 20
Class 350 (fly ash) 130
Class 8 (appliances) 1
Class 13 (sludge) 20
Class 17 (asbestos) 20

10
Waste Handled by ORWM Recycling
ORWM Recycling Data for Fiscal Year 03-04 ORWM Recycling Data for Fiscal Year 03-04
Material Weight (tons)
Confidential shred 33.3
White office paper 351.8
Mixed office paper 145.9
CS/CL/IBM 68.9
Magazines 57.4
Books 160.5
Newspaper 246.0
Cardboard 529.4
Mixed plastic 0.9
Plastic 1 (PETE), Plastic 2 (HDPE) (CHDPE) 1.2
Clear glass 1.9
Brown glass 0.1
Scrap metal 217.0
11
Office of Radiation, Chemical and Biological
Safety (ORCBS)
  • Responsible for collection and proper disposal of
    hazardous waste such as
  • Chemical Waste
  • Biological Waste
  • Radioactive Waste
  • Batteries (except alkaline batteries)
  • Handles approximately 150 tons of hazardous waste
    materials from 1500 locations in MSU every year
  • Also handles non-hazardous wastes such as sharps
    and empty waste containers
  • Conducts internal audits to ensure that
    regulatory and safety requirements are met
  • Conducts safety inspections every three months

KEEP THE CAMPUS OUT OF REGULATORY TROUBLE!
12
Waste Handled by ORCBS Hazardous Waste
ORCBS Hazardous Waste Data for Fiscal Year 03-04 ORCBS Hazardous Waste Data for Fiscal Year 03-04
Waste Type Quantity
Bulked hazardous waste liquids 12,325 gallons
Lab packed hazardous waste 10,101 pounds
Mixed radioactive/hazardous waste 6,274 pounds
Paint in Cans as Hazardous Waste 405 gallons
Parts Washer as Hazardous Waste 229 gallons
Universal and Act 451 Part 121 wastes Part 121 liquids 9,222 gallons
Used oil 6,580 gallons
Ni/Cd-Li ion Batteries 200 pounds
Lead acid batteries 5,500 pounds
Light ballasts 10,800 pounds
Fluorescent Tubes 28,369 units
13
Waste Handled by ORCBS Non-Hazardous Waste
ORCBS Non-Hazardous Waste Data for Fiscal Year 03-04 ORCBS Non-Hazardous Waste Data for Fiscal Year 03-04
Waste Type Quantity
Empty waste containers 4,398 units
Sharps 31,900 pounds
14
University Laboratory Animal Resources (ULAR)
  • Maintains the animals required for research in
    the university
  • Also collects pathological waste which includes
    all human tissues and animal tissues associated
    with infectious disease or recombinant DNA
    research
  • Provides service for pick up and incineration of
    animal carcasses

15
MSU Surplus store
  • Sells used and surplus items from the university
    dormitories, offices and laboratories that have
    economic value
  • Items vary from furniture, kitchen appliances,
    bicycles, laboratory and scientific instruments
    to computer and electronic items and even
    automobiles

REVENUE GENERATION
16
Waste Sampling Data Classrooms, Lecture Halls,
Computer Labs
17
Waste Sampling Data Faculty and Staff Offices
18
HELP?
  • Prioritization
  • Volume
  • Costs
  • Controllability
  • Bang for the buck
  • Campus impacts
  • Life cycle environmental impacts

19
Input Controls
  • GREEN PURCHASING
  • Info on waste generation, packaging/product
    ratio, life cycle impacts, disposal costs with
    product specs
  • Contracting terms (suppliers, vendors, CD)
  • Green vendors, development, rating, cost control
  • Incentives for green purchasing
  • Source reduction (Especially Haz waste Prior
    involvement and cost assessment)

20
Output Control
  • Recycling percentage determination
  • Recycling targets (which materials, how much)
  • Systems for waste collection, sorting, reuse,
    remanufacture,
  • Economics of recycling (infrastructure, scale
    economies, sorting and processing, marketing,
    risk management)
  • Surplus store and marketing of recovered/obsolete
    materials
  • Beyond compliance in Haz waste management

21
Process Control
  • Info Systems (financial and physical info)
  • Planning, targets, monitoring, evaluation
    feedback, incentive mechanisms,
  • Awareness and education programs,
  • Risk management
  • EMS ISO 14000 Certification?
  • Centralization v/s decentralization

22
Funding Sources?
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