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The%20Roaring%20Twenties

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Title: The%20Roaring%20Twenties


1
The Roaring Twenties
  • 1919-1929

2
I. The Shaky Postwar Economy
  • people have money to spend
  • too many dollars and too few goods leads to
    inflation (prices go up)
  • In two years, prices doubled
  • Workers wanted to be paid more
  • 3,600 strikes in 1919
  • Boston police went on strike, as well as steel
    and coal workers

3
II. The Red Scare 1919-1920
  • Russia had become a communist country in 1917, so
    people feared that workers would revolt in the
    United States
  • Government decides to crack down on suspected
    communists
  • 5,000 people were arrested without warrants and
    often denied lawyers in the Palmer raids
  • Only 3 pistols were seized

4
III. Sacco and Vanzetti
  • immigrants were suspected of bringing radical
    ideas like communism with them
  • Two anarchists were found guilty of murder and
    put to death even though the evidence was flimsy
  • The government and people were overcome by fear

5
IV. Prosperous Times
  • What were people buying?
  • Why did education become more important?

6
V. Advertising and CreditVI. Popular
EntertainmentVII. Music and DancingVIII. Fads
and FanciesIX. Lucky LindyX. Literary LifeXI.
The Scopes Monkey TrialXII. Black
MigrationXIII. The Return of the KKK
7
V. Advertising and Credit
  • Ads made people believe the products were a
    necessity and would make life better.
  • People were more willing to go into debt and buy
    on credit in good economic times.

8
VI. Popular Entertainment
  • People had more spare time and more money to
    spend.
  • Radio, movies, and sports were popular.
  • nickelodeons
  • The Jazz Singer (1927)
  • Jack Dempsey
  • Babe Ruth

9
VII. Music and Dancing
  • Broadway musicals
  • Jazz- Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Bessie
    Smith
  • Big-band music played people danced the
    fox-trot, camel-walk, tango, and Charleston.
  • Flappers wore short skirts and short hair

10
VIII. Fads and Fancies
  • Mah Jong
  • Crossword puzzles
  • Magazines like Time, Readers Digest and New
    Yorker started in the 20s

11
Lucky Lindy
  • Charles Lindbergh was the first to fly solo
    across the Atlantic Ocean (NYC to Paris)
  • He became a hero and symbolized individual effort
    and the adventuresome spirit of the 1920s

12
Literary Life
  • Lost Generation- American writers who wrote of
    hypocrisy and greed
  • Ernest Hemingway
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Harlem Renaissance-
  • Black life was celebrated in literature, music,
    and art
  • Langston Hughes
  • Zora Neale Hurston

13
The Scopes Monkey Trial
  • The theory of evolution divided Americans
  • John Scopes, a biology teacher, broke the law by
    teaching Darwins theory in school
  • Scopes was found guilty and fined 100
  • The trial symbolized the conflict between country
    and city values

14
Prohibition
  • Volstead Act- provided the enforcements of
    prohibition enacted by the 18th Amendment
  • speakeasies and bootlegging became popular
  • Organized crime spread distributing illegal
    alcohol
  • Gangs fought over territory
  • Al Capone was the most famous gangster of the
    1920s

15
One-Way Ticket
  • I am fed up
  • With Jim Crow laws
  • People who are cruel
  • And afraid,
  • Who lynch and run,
  • Who are scared of me
  • And me of them
  • I pick up my life
  • And take it away
  • On a one-way ticket-
  • Gone up North
  • Gone up West
  • Gone!
  • -Langston Hughes

16
Presidents of the 1920s
  • Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) Republican
  • - promised to let the U.S. run itself without
    too much government interference
  • - brought his loyal (but unqualified) friends
    from Ohio to be his political advisers
  • - died in office of a possible heart attack
  • Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) Republican
  • - a hands-off president, laissez-faire
  • - believed the business of America is business
  • Herbert Hoover (1929-1933) Republican

17
Black Migration
  • Blacks looked to the North as a place with less
    racial prejudice.
  • Millions moved to the northern cities of New
    York, Chicago, and Philadelphia.
  • Prejudice was found in the North, too.
  • Marcus Garvey led a movement to lead blacks back
    to Africa.

18
The Return of the KKKpage 704
  • Membership increased greatly in the 1920s.
  • The KKK became successful in politics.
  • KKK members felt threatened by the changes of the
    1920s.

19
Stock Market Crash of 1929page 732
  • People thought they could get rich quick by
    playing the stock market.
  • Dangerous practices
  • speculation-
  • buying on margin-

20
Stock Market Crash of 1929page 732
  • People thought they could get rich quick by
    playing the stock market.
  • Dangerous practices
  • speculation- the practice of making high-risk
    investments in hopes of getting a huge return.
  • buying on margin-

21
Stock Market Crash of 1929page 732
  • People thought they could get rich quick by
    playing the stock market.
  • Dangerous practices
  • speculation- the practice of making high-risk
    investments in hopes of getting a huge return.
  • buying on margin- the practice that allows
    investors to purchase stock for only a fraction
    of its price (10 to 50 percent) and borrow the
    rest.
  • On October 29, 1929, a record 16.4 million shares
    were sold. The collapse of the stock market is
    known as the Great Crash.

22
Stock Market Crash of 1929pages 741-742
  • How did the effects of the Crash spread to all
    Americans?
  • Risky loans hurt the banks
  • Consumers borrowed heavily
  • People rushed to withdraw their money from the
    banks
  • Banks failed and closed
  • Savings were wiped out
  • Production went down
  • Unemployment went up
  • Cycle continued leading to the Great Depression

23
The Great Depressionpage 744
  • A time of economic hardship in the U.S. from 1929
    to 1941
  • What caused the Great Depression?
  • 1. Stock market crash
  • 2. An unstable economy
  • Unequal distribution of wealth
  • Overproduction
  • 3. Overspeculation
  • 4. Mistakes in monetary policy

24
(No Transcript)
25
Social Effects of the Depressionpages 745-750
  • What were Hoovervilles?
  • What happened on the farms?
  • What was the Dust Bowl?

26
Election of 1932page 756
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt defeats Herbert Hoover
    to be president in the greatest landslide the
    U.S. had ever seen.
  • So first of all let me assert my firm belief
    that the only thing we have to fear is fear
    itself.
  • -FDR, First Inaugural Address, 1933

27
The New Dealpage 769
  • relief recovery reform
  • New Deal- Programs of FDRs administration that
    were aimed at combating the Great Depression.
  • FDRs first act as president was the bank
    holiday. Banks were closed for the next four
    days and could not re-open unless they were
    healthy and insured.

28
The New Dealpage 774-5
  • relief recovery reform
  • Choose three New Deal agencies
  • Write the name and purpose of it.
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.

29
Critics of the New Dealpage 782
  • Some felt that the New Deal did too much
    (bringing state socialism), while others felt the
    New Deal did not do enough (poverty still
    existed).
  • Some felt the programs created a bloated and
    dangerously powerful federal bureaucracy and
    encouraged inefficient use of resources.
  • Some opposed deficit spending-
  • Paying out more money from the annual federal
    budget than the government receives in revenues.

30
FDRs Problems with the Supreme Courtpage 783
  • The Supreme Court had declared some acts of the
    president unconstitutional.
  • FDR asked Congress to allow him to
    _______________________________.
  • His real intention was to _______________.
  • The number of justices on the Supreme Court
    remained at _____.
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