THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL PROTECTION PROGRAMMES: a case of social ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR EMPOWERMENT (SAGE) IN Uganda - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL PROTECTION PROGRAMMES: a case of social ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR EMPOWERMENT (SAGE) IN Uganda

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Title: THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL PROTECTION PROGRAMMES: a case of social ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR EMPOWERMENT (SAGE) IN Uganda


1
THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL PROTECTION
PROGRAMMES a case of social ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR
EMPOWERMENT (SAGE) IN Uganda
  • John-Bosco Mubiru
  • Coordinator
  • Uganda Social Protection Platform (USPP)

2
OUTLINE
  • Background on Uganda
  • Poverty and Vulnerability context
  • Social Protection in Uganda focus on SAGE
  • Local Government system in Uganda
  • Role of local governments in the management and
    implementation of SAGE
  • Factors enabling the participation of the local
    governments in SAGE programme
  • Impact of SAGE on local governments
  • Policy and Programme implications
  • Conclusion

3
About Uganda
  • Located in the East African Community.
  • 34.9 million people and annual growth rate stands
    at 3.03.
  • 16.9 million males and 17.9 million males.
  • Uganda's economy has been growing strongly over
    the last 2 decades.
  • The economy grew by 5.9 during the first half
    of FY 2013/14, driven mostly by the services -
    telecommunications, wholesale and retail trade
    sub-sectors and industry sectors

4
Poverty and vulnerability context
  • Over the past 2 decades Uganda has made great
    progress in reducing poverty
  • In 1992/13 56, 2005/06 31.1, 2009/10
    24.5, 2012/13 19.7 (6.7 million Ugandans)
  • Significant poverty reductions have occurred
    across all the regions in the country. However,
    the Northern region (43.7) remains the poorest
    but the gap has narrowed significantly since the
    restoration of peace in 2006
  • Poverty reductions over the years been attributed
    to general economic development, significant
    public investment in physical infrastructures and
    several targeted government interventions
  • However, 21.4 million Ugandans (63 of the popn)
    are either poor (19.7) or vulnerable (43.3) to
    poverty despite the economic growth.

5
Social protection in Uganda
  • In the recent years, social protection has gained
    prominence as a critical element of national
    development strategies to achieve inclusive,
    pro-poor and equitable development.
  • Anchored in the national legal frameworks 1995
    Constitution of the Republic of Uganda policies
    National Policy for Older Persons (2009) and
    strategies (National Development Plan (2010-2015)
    and The Vision 2040 that recognize social
    protection.
  • Uganda is a signatory to international and
    regional conventions with social protection
    provisions. These include Universal Declaration
    of Human Rights (1948), The Livingstone Call for
    Action (2006), and the African Union Social
    Policy Framework (2008).

6
Social protection in Uganda
  • Institutional Framework
  • The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social
    Development (MGLSD) through the Directorate of
    Social Protection, is the lead institution
    responsible for - policy development,
    implementation and oversight of social protection
    programmes and interventions in Uganda.

7
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR EMPOWERMENT (SAGE)
  • SAGE is a five year (2010-2015) pilot programme.
  • Officially launched and approved by Cabinet in
    2010
  • Targets 2 mechanism
  • - Senior Citizen Grant paid to older persons
    aged 65 years and above (but 60 years in the case
    of Karamoja region)
  • - Vulnerable Family Grant households with low
    labour capacity owing to age, physical disability
    and high dependency
  • SAGE covers 15 districts across the four country
    sub-regions

8
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR EMPOWERMENT (SAGE)
  • The programme is led by the Ministry of Gender,
    Labour and Social Development (MGLSD).
  • Supported financially by Department for
    International Development (DFID), Irish Aid and
    UNICEF.
  • The Government of Uganda is also supporting the
    programme in-kind in terms of personnel, office
    space among others all amounting to UGX.6 billion
    to the running of the programme over the 5 years.
  • Payments delivered through MTN Mobile Money.

9
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR EMPOWERMENT (SAGE)
  • A total of 108, 135 direct beneficiaries have
    been enrolled to-date with over 80 benefiting
    the Senior Citizen Grants (SCG).
  • Both SCG and VFG beneficiaries receive UGX 50,000
    (USD 20) bi-monthly.
  • To date the programme has disbursed in total over
    UGX 50 billion in monthly payments through the
    MTN Mobile Money Service.
  • A social protection secretariat was established
    within the directorate of social protection to
    run SAGE under the Expanding Social Protection
    (ESP) Programme.

10
Local governments and sage programme in UGANDA
  • Since late 1980s, Uganda has been pursuing
    decentralization programme characterized with
    transfer of powers, functions and services from
    central government to local councils.
  • The local government system is based on the
    district as a unit under which are lower local
    governments and administrative units which are
    collectively known as local councils
  • These are further characterized as either rural
    District, County, Sub-county, Parish Village or
    Urban City, Division, Municpal, Municpal
    division, Town Council, Parish/Ward and Village

11
STRUCTURE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN UGANDA
12
Local governments and sage programme in UGANDA
  • In 2011, MGLSD signed a Memorandum of
    Understanding with the Ministry of Local
    Government to prepare for the implementation of
    the SAGE programme.
  • The MOU specifies the roles and expectations of
    the various local government stakeholders in SAGE
    implementation.
  • MOU also streamlines SAGE operations within the
    local government structures.

13
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
  • Identification, targeting and beneficiary
    selection
  • Awareness raising (accessibility, criteria,
    amount of cash transfer, re-targeting, pay points
    next pay) and mobilization enrollment
    monthly meetings.
  • Support to channel and manage grievances
    handling of complaints reported by beneficiaries
    or forwarding them to next structure.
  • Coordination of the SAGE programme.
  • Direct oversight at district level done by
    District CDO who reports to Chief Administrative
    Officer
  • Sub-county CDO coordinates day to day work
    programme operations at sub-county level

14
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
  • Monitoring - District monitoring team led by CAO
    to track progress challenges in the
    implementation of the programme. Also the
    Sub-county CDOs undertake regular field
    monitoring as well as during the pay points.
  • SAGE operation office space is provided by local
    governments both at the district and sub-county
    levels
  • Management of the SAGE fund- Until 2012, local
    governments were managing the SAGE funds.
    Currently controlled by Maxwell Stamp

15
ENABLING FACTORS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF SAGE
  • Trainings at various lower local government
    levels. The trainings start from district,
    sub-county, parish and village level.
  • Facilitation - Monthly allowance, motor cycle
    maintenance, fuel airtime for technocrats and
    politicians.
  • Logistical support and equipments motor cycles,
    vehicles, furniture, generators stationery.
  • The political capital of the programme especially
    for politicians district chairpersons,
    councilors, etc
  • The clear mandate of roles and responsibilities
    in the MOUs.

16
How sage has impacted on local governments
  • Revitalized the visibility of the community based
    service department which directly implements the
    programme
  • Revived the hitherto dominant structures within
    the local government system
  • Opened-up channels of communication within the
    local government structures
  • Improved community development work community
    mobilization, monitoring of government programmes
    and general awareness of the various activities.
  • Revived Birth and Death Registration in the pilot
    districts especially where VFGs are implemented
    which use automated selection of beneficiaries
  • Increased participation of the district
    leadership in supervision and involvement in
    government programme implementation
  • Impacted on local economy of the pilot district-
    investment of the cash transfers and in turn
    local governments been able to levy local tax
    revenues.

17
CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED BY LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
  • Staffing gaps in some lower local government
    levels.
  • Reporting challenges for example, sub-counties
    lack generators, delayed data processing as CDOs
    write reports manually then later forwarded to
    MIS officers at district level.
  • Role conflict for example, between the SAGE
    technocrats and senior CDOs.
  • Lack of financial capacity to finance social
    protection activities.

18
Policy and programme implications
  • Review the local government staffing levels and
    building of their capacities.
  • Exploring opportunities to create linkages SAGE
    beneficiaries to other programme and social
    services
  • Social accountability to improve transparency and
    accountability mechanisms
  • Mainstreaming of SAGE programme in local
    government plans and budgets
  • Strengthen inter-stakeholder coordination

19
Conclusions
  • The participation of local governments is vital
    in the implementation of social protection
    programmes as case for SAGE in Uganda.
  • Local governments have advantages over other arms
    of government such as proximity which to some
    extent explains the sustainability of programmes
    in some instances.
  • The already existing local government structures
    add value to the implementation of social
    protection programmes.
  • Working with local governments also creates
    ownership and trust of the programmes by the
    beneficiaries

20
  • Thank you!
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