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Road Map of Vocational Secondary School Indonesia 2010 - 2014

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Title: Road Map of Vocational Secondary School Indonesia 2010 - 2014


1
Road Map of Vocational Secondary School
Indonesia 2010 - 2014
Second Meeting of the Monitoring and Advisory
(MAC) of the Vocational Education and Training
(VET) Programme for Organization of Islamic
Conference (OIC) Member Country (OIC-VET) 11 12
May 2010, Antalya Turkey
  • Directorate of Technical and Vocational
    Education
  • Directorate General of Management of Primary and
    Secondary Education Ministry of National
    Education
  • Republic of Indonesia
  • mustaghfirin_at_yahoo.com

2
C O N T E N T S
1. Introduction
2. Future challenges of SMK
3. Statitical data of Man Power
4. Students profile of SMK
5. Road Map of VSS 2010- 2014
6. VSS Education system in Indonesia
7. Revitalization VSS Competencies
3
More education with less independencies
Source BPS, Susenas 2003
4
INDONESIAN MAN POWER STRUCTURE
04,8 million
Expert
20,4 million
81,1 million
Sources BPS 2006
5
Moving targets Future supply of upper-secondary
graduates
6
Education Level, work force, employee, and
unemployment in 2006
Education Level Structure of Work Force Structure of Work Force Employees structure Employees structure Unemployment structure Unemployment structure
Education Level Million Million Million
Elementary school or less 56.47 53.13 52.95 55.63 2.84 25.60
Junior HS 21.90 20.61 19.04 20.01 4.02 36.23
Senior Secondary 14.80 13.93 11.96 12.57 1.68 15.13
Vocational Sec. Sch 7.13 6.71 5.93 6.23 0.80 7.20
Associate (Polythecnics) 2.45 2.30 2.15 2.26 0.45 4.08
University 3.53 3.32 3.16 3.31 1.31 11.76
Amount 106.28 100 95.18 100 11.11 100
Sources BPS 2006
7
  • CONSIDERATIONS IN
  • DEVELOPING
  • TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

8
THREE PILARS OF MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
POLICIES
M O N E
9
INTRODUCTION
  1. SMK is an integral part of economical sector that
    devoted to support national economic growth. It
    is therefore SMK systems needs to be improved
    both in quality and quantity
  2. SMK quality reflects the Indonesian manpower
    quality, that needs to be developed continuously
    to improve the competitiveness of the Indonesian
    human resources
  3. SMK plays an important role to reduce jobless
    index in the state-wide
  4. To be able to perform in the labour market SMKs
    should work hand in hand with the industries
    partner and employers should have a significant
    role in enhancing technical and vocational
    education policies.

10
STUDENTS PROFILE
Spiritually Intelligence Be able to actualize through hearth and mind for growing and strengthening faith, pious, and excellent characters, includes wise and excellent personality. Competitive supreme personality and respect in Excellency high spirit be autonomous never to give up networking enhancer ready for change Innovative and agent of change Productive Quality awareness Globally orientation Life long learning
Emotional Social Intelligence Be able to self-actualize and sensitize for improving sensitivity and appreciation toward gentleness and beautiful in both art and cultural, and having competence to express its. Be able to actualize by means of social interaction to creating and fertilizing mutual interaction democratic, empathy and sympathy, respect in human right, cheerful confidence, respect to diversity in unity to society and state having nation hemisphere to aware with right and duty as a citizens. Competitive supreme personality and respect in Excellency high spirit be autonomous never to give up networking enhancer ready for change Innovative and agent of change Productive Quality awareness Globally orientation Life long learning
Intellectual Intelligence Be able to actualize through thinking for having competency and autonomy in both science and technology Be able to actualize to be critical, creative, and imaginative person Competitive supreme personality and respect in Excellency high spirit be autonomous never to give up networking enhancer ready for change Innovative and agent of change Productive Quality awareness Globally orientation Life long learning
Kinestical Intelligence Be able to actualize through sport for creating health, fit, endure, efficient, skillful, and quick moving Be able to actualize to be a fit person Competitive supreme personality and respect in Excellency high spirit be autonomous never to give up networking enhancer ready for change Innovative and agent of change Productive Quality awareness Globally orientation Life long learning
11
POLICIES
  1. Instilling entrepreneurship subject in any
    Technical and Vocational Training. The promotion
    of self-employment is regarded as a
    forward-looking concept which will help to ease
    the labor market situation
  2. Particular attention should be given to planning
    the development and expansion of vocational
    education by giving high priority in national
    development agendas, evaluating national needs,
    providing appropriate current and future
    allocation of financial resources
  3. Employer should have greater involvement in
    national technical education policy making and
    they should be consulted in the major technical
    education and training initiatives
  4. Strengthening Training in Mastery of Key
    Competencies (Basic Skill of Literacy, Math
    (numeric), Communication Skill - Problem Solving,
    Adaptation to New Technology (Digital Literacy),
    and Teamwork
  5. Providing Continuing Education and Training
  6. Developing competency standards and recognition
    and certification of Skill

12
MILESTONE MoNE 2010 - 2014
  1. Participation rate for secondary education
    reaches 62.5
  2. School grant for SS/SMK starts to be applied with
    regard to selective school
  3. 75 school facilities meet the criteria of
    National Standard
  4. Rebuilding SS/SMK 100
  5. At least 1 business unit comes with every SMK
  6. 100 of SS/SMK has a library
  7. Every district/town has at least 1 pioneering
    outstanding local-based SMK or international
    standardized SMK
  8. 50 of SS/VSS having access to apply ICT based
    learning
  9. 1 texts book/student for the subject to be
    rationally examined
  10. Student Ratio of SS SMK/VSS 60 40
  11. 100 SS/SMK implements school-based management
    well

13
Vocational Teachers
S IDEAL Teachers EXISTING Teachers NEEDS
- S Normative Teachers 29,651 45,697 (16,046)
- S Adaptive Teachers 59,302 53,322 5,980
- S Productive Teachers 88,953 70,788 18,165
TOTAL 177,906 169,807
  • Normative Teacher is teacher for Religion, sport,
    Indonesian Language subject matters.
  • Adaptive Teachers is teachers for science, Math,
    Chemistry, ICT and Biology.
  • Productive Teachers are teachers for occupational
    skill subject matters (automotive, cooking, etc)

14
CHALLENGE OF SMK /VSS
Obsolescent of School Facilities
Teachers Quality and Quantity
Concept of Local Advantages
Changing of Work Pattern
Development of Technology
Economic Globalization
Population Growth
Changing of Economic Structure
15
ECONOMIC GROWTH
Gross Domestic Products (GDP) based on Constant
Price 2002 (Billion Rp)
Source BPS 2006 Depnakertrans 2006
16
ECONOMIC GROWTH
Labour Development and its Distribution in
Indonesia Based on Primary Work Fields (in
thousand)
Source BPS 2006 Depnakertrans 2006
17
NUMBER OF STUDENTS BASED ON ECONOMIC SECTOR
18
Multi Entri Multi Exit system
Legend
SS
JSS
18
19
FLEXIBLE PATHWAYS
  • To cope with continuous and radical change of
    technology and economic environment, SMK should
    provide training that are flexible, on demand,
    interactive, and applying multiple entry and exit
    in responding to these changes
  • In vocational and technical education system as
    well as at the post school, it is necessary to
    provide flexibility so that people who make one
    choice are not subsequently locked out of access
    to other courses or education system.
  • As identified that there are many potential SMK
    student or workers those are willing to study
    while they are working. This needs to be made
    possible through bridging courses so there is no
    need for people to start from the beginning when
    they want to extend their knowledge and skill.

20
PATHWAYS TO COMPETENCY CERTIFICATES
STANDARDS based on INDUSTRY - ENTERPRISE -PUBLIC
INSTITUTION needs
Formal Courses
This figure shows the ways in which certify Cates
of competency and formal academic qualifications
can be achieved
  • Certificate of Competency could be achieved
    through one or a mixture of each process
  • STTB/Diploma could be achieved either from formal
    or non-formal courses and On the Job Training
    through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
  • Transferability between pathways is done through
    RPL, bridging courses / training

EXAMINATION
ASSESSMENT
Skills Passport CERTIFICATE of COMPETENCY
STTB / DIPLOMA
21
CERTIFICATION SYSTEM
  • It is importance to open access for other
    training provider to a system of skills
    certificates so that the competencies learned by
    students/workers can be recognized, regardless
    time and venue constrains.
  • It is also designed to give students a clear
    statement of their skills attainment which they
    can show to prospective employers by providing
    skills passport.

22
Revitalization of VSS Competencies
  1. In 2010 Indonesia has 7800 VSS with 3.4 Million
    student. Total Teachers 2.783.321
  2. Indonesia has 173 VSS programs
  3. Every program has own standard competencies
  4. Every program has 2- 3 competencies
  5. Every 4-5 years, representative person from
    industry doing review the programs
  6. Every 5 years accreditation for every program in
    VSS by National Accreditation Committee
  7. In every VSS has at least 1 Testing Center for 1
    competencies.

23
Mechatronics is blended competencies from
Mechanics, Electronics and ICT
24
Restaurant Service
Cookery
25
Ladies Mens Hairdressing
26
Cabinet Making
27
AUTOMOTIVEand CAD Machine
28
Ladies Dressmaking
29
multi intelligences develop the skills
30
Notebook assembly
31
MULTIPURPOSE HAND TRACTOR
32
MULTIPURPOSE HAND TRACTOR
33
Assembly motor cycle to develop comprehensive
skills
34
Assembly motor cycle to develop comprehensive
skills
35
Production skills Foundry Facilities,
cooperation with SME
36
Camshaft Production
37
Machining Intake Manifold
Casting Parts
Facing drilling on milling machine
38
Crank Shaft Casting Part
39
Machining Components Production
40
Engine
Esemka 1.5i
41
THANK YOU
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