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Joseph Stalin

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Title: Joseph Stalin


1
Joseph Stalin

2
Early Life
  • From a young age Stalin was involved in rebelious
    activity, such as organising strikes.
  • He was always politically minded, and had a
    talent for writing and poetry.
  • He was expelled from a Georgian seminary and
    discovered Lenin, which inflenced to join the
    Bolsehviks, of which he organised Bolshevik
    militias across Georgia following the 1905
    revolution.
  • He was also involed in the assasinations
    extortion, bank robberies and hold ups.

3
What formed the basis of his popularity?
  • Stalin often worked behind the scenes in the
    Bolshevik party.
  • He was an editor of a Bolshevik newspaper called
    Pravda.
  • His position as secretary general of the partys
    Central Committee, from 1922 until his death,
    provided the power base for his dictatorship.
  • Stalin was the successor of Lenin.
  • Karl Marx, father of communist thought, inspired
    many of his works.

4
Influence on the Revolution
  • After returning from exile to Saint Petersburg he
    took a position in favour of supporting Alexander
    Kerensky's provisional government.
  • However, after Lenin prevailed at the April 1917
    Party conference, Stalin and Pravda supported
    overthrowing the provisional government.
  • He smuggled Lenin to Finland and assumed
    leadership of the Bolsheviks.
  • Upon seizing Petrograd, Stalin was appointed
    People's Commissar for Nationalities' Affairs.
  • Stalin challenged many of the decisions of
    Trotsky, ordered the killings of many former
    Tsarist officers in the Red Army and
    counter-revolutionaries and burned villages in
    order to intimidate the peasantry into submission
    and discourage food bandit raids.

5
Rise to Power
  • Stalin rose to power when he played a decisive
    role in engineering the 1921 Red Army invasion of
    Georgia.
  • Lenin and Lev Kamenev helped Stalin rise to power
    by appointing him General Secretary in 1922 to
    help fight against Trotsky.
  • Lenin criticized Stalin's rude manners, excessive
    power, ambition and politics, and suggested that
    Stalin should be removed from the position of
    General Secretary
  • Stalin forged an alliance with Kamenev and
    Grigory Zinoviev against Trotsky so that Lenins
    Testament wouldnt be shown.
  • Later he exiled Trotsky and his disputes with
    Kameney and Zinoviev increased.

6
Cult of Personality
  • Stalin used mass media involving unquestionable
    flattery and praise, helping to create a
    favourable public image, increasing trust in the
    leaders, and their following.
  • This is referred to as creating a cult of
    personality and are common in societies going
    through revolutionary changes

7
The Great Purge
  • Great Purge was a series of campaigns of
    political repression and persecution in the
    Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin in
    19361938.
  • It is often referred to as the Soviet Holocaust
    in conjunction with Soviet Famine of 1932-1933,
    in which 6-11 million peasants and kulaks were
    starved or executed.
  • it involved the purge of the Communist Party and
    Government officials, repression of peasants, Red
    Army leadership, and the persecution of
    unaffiliated persons, characterized by widespread
    police surveillance, widespread suspicion of
    "saboteurs", imprisonment, and executions
  • 681,692 were sentenced to death and many more
    died in GULAG labour camps.

8
The Tyrant
  • Stalin's son Yakov, whom he had with his first
    wife Ekaterina Svanidze, shot himself because of
    Stalin's harshness toward him, but survived.
  • After this, Stalin said "He can't even shoot
    straight"
  • His second wife either committed suicide or he
    killed her after an argument.
  • 25,700 Polish POWs were executed on 5 March 1940,
    pursuant to a note from to Stalin from Lavrenty
    Beria, the members of the Soviet Politburo.
  • Stalin also conducted a purge of several military
    commanders that were shot for "cowardice" without
    a trial.
  • Deaths under Stalin's regime is estimated to be
    up to 60 million.

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