Stalin: a totalitarian dictatorship - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Stalin: a totalitarian dictatorship

Description:

... their jobs About 700.000 were executed Millions of Soviet citizens were sent during Stalin s dictatorships to the Gulag (Soviet concentration camps system ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:117
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: chus155
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Stalin: a totalitarian dictatorship


1
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
2
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
  • Stalin defeated Trotsky after Lenins death
    (1924-1927)
  • Stalins economic program ? Quick
    industrialisation of a backward country to
    construct Socialism in one country and
    transform the USSR in a world power
  • The state took over all the sectors of the Soviet
    economy
  • The government passed five-year plans to conduct
    a centralised economy
  • Collectivization of agriculture ? terrible social
    consequences because peasants refusal to give up
    their new acquired lands
  • Results
  • Quick industrialisation based upon heavy industry
    (iron and steel, coal, armament)
  • Utter failure in farming
  • Cruel repression and terrible death toll

3
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
4
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
5
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
6
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
7
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
8
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
9
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
10
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
  • Industrialisation took place at a terrible social
    cost
  • From the very beginning, Stalin set up a
    dictatorship based upon terror
  • Anticommunists
  • Trostkyists
  • Farmers against collectivisation
  • All sort of opponents within the Communist Party

11
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
  • Unlike Hitler, Stalins repression was carried
    out massively within his own party (SUCP)
  • Power in the USSR was completely centralised ?
    SUCP ? Secretary General (Stalin)
  • Great Purges or Moscow Trials started in 1934
    after Sergei Kirovs assassination
  • The world was astonished when a great part of the
    Bolshevik leaders went into trial, accused of
    being counter-revolutionaries
  • After being drugged and tortured they confess
    that they have been plotting against the USSR for
    years (show trials)
  • In 1939 70 of the SUCP had been purged ? 90 of
    the Red Army generals were shot or sent to the
    Gulag (concentration camps)

12
(No Transcript)
13
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
14
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
  • Not only the SUCP was persecuted
  • Soviet society as a whole suffered the
    consequences of Stalins dictatorship
  • The Checka, GPU, NKVD, KGB (Soviet subsequent
    secret political police) repressed Soviet people
  • The year 1937 became was the apex of Stalinist
    repression
  • Over the purges of 1937 and 1938
  • 1.700.000 civilians were arrested
  • More than two million were purged from their jobs
  • About 700.000 were executed
  • Millions of Soviet citizens were sent during
    Stalins dictatorships to the Gulag (Soviet
    concentration camps system

15
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
16
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
17
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
18
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
  • As a result of the repression, more and more
    power was concentrated in Stalins hands
  • Stalins cult of personality was established in
    the USSR
  • Even in a more acute way that in the Duce or the
    Fuhrer, the figure of Stalin was constantly
    praised by the Soviet propaganda

19
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
20
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
21
Stalin a society shaped by terror
  • Soviet society was shaped by the urgent drive for
    industrializing the USSR
  • Farmers went through all the hardships caused by
    collectivization
  • Urban workers toiled 8 hours a day, 7 days a week
  • Subbotnik or Communist Saturdays days
    of volunteer work that became obligatory later

22
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
23
Stalin a society shaped by terror
  • The Constitution of 1936 proclaimed that the USSR
    was classless society reality was altogether
    different
  • SUCP bureaucracy (about 14 million people) made
    up a new upper class with different privileges
  • Higher salaries (4 to 20 times the average
    salary)
  • Food extra rations
  • Better accommodation
  • All the members of the Communist bureaucracy were
    subjected to Stalins will
  • 1930s purges reminded everybody of this.

24
Stalin a totalitarian dictatorship
25
Stalin a society shaped by terror
  • After some social changes after the revolution,
    Stalin forced the Soviet to return to the
    traditional values of hierarchy and authority
    (teachers, parents, army commanders)
  • The achievement of different womens rights
    (divorce, legal abortion - Decree on Womens
    Healthcare-) and the difficult social conditions
    over the civil war reduce the Soviet birth rate ?
    Stalin imposed again the traditional family model
    (restrictions to divorce, abortion illegal)
  • Internationalism was substituted by Russian
    nationalism
About PowerShow.com