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Enduring Understanding III Rise of a Nation: Students will Investigate the similarities found in the causes, courses, and consequences of the rise of the United States of America. They will be able to recognize these three themes through a study of

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Title: Enduring Understanding III Rise of a Nation: Students will Investigate the similarities found in the causes, courses, and consequences of the rise of the United States of America. They will be able to recognize these three themes through a study of


1
Enduring Understanding III Rise of a Nation
Students will Investigate the similarities
found in the causes, courses, and consequences of
the rise of the United States of America. They
will be able to recognize these three themes
through a study of Colonial Conflict, the
Revolutionary War and the foundations of
government.
  • III.5 What key battles happened during the 1st
    half of the Revolutionary War 1775 to the winter
    of 1777 at Morristown? Who was involved, what
    occurred, what was the impact?
  • Lexington and Concord
  • Battle of Bunker/Breeds Hill
  • Dorchester Heights
  • Battle of Long Island
  • Battle of Trenton

2
  • Lexington and Concord
  • Battle of Bunker/Breeds Hill
  • Dorchester Heights
  • Battle of Long Island
  • e. Battle of Trenton
  • f. Battle of Brandywine
  • g. Battle of Saratoga
  • h. Winter Encampment at V.F
  • French Spanish entry
  • j. Yorktown

3
2nd Continental Congress, 1776- 77Acting
Government during the war
  • Formally declared war via the Declaration of
    Independence in July of 1776.
  • Wrote the Articles of Confederation (1st
    Government)
  • Opened diplomatic negotiations with European
    powers

4
Assessment 1
  • This famous painting of Washington crossing the
    Delaware is a depiction of which battle of the
    Revolutionary War?
  • A. Battle of Lexington Concord
  • B. Battle of Trenton
  • C. Battle of Brandywine
  • D. Battle of Princeton

5
Assessment 2
  • Which of the following paragraphs best describes
    the Battle of Brandywine fought during the
    Revolutionary War?
  • A. This battle was held in December of 1775.
    American revolutionaries tried to capture a major
    Canadian city and gain French Canadian support
    for the American Revolutionary War. The battle
    put an end to any hopes of French Canada rising
    in rebellion with the Americans.
  • B. This battle took place on December 26, 1776.
    George Washington led the main Continental Army
    across the river to surprise and virtually
    eliminate the Hessian garrison in, New Jersey.
    This boosted the attitudes of the American
    soldiers.
  • C. This battle was fought in New Jersey, on
    January 3, 1777. In the night General
    Washington's army silently slipped away from
    Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis and his
    troops. This battle cost the British some 276 men
    killed, wounded or captured and greatly boosted
    the attitudes of the Continental troops.
  • D. This Battle was fought on September 11, 1777,
    near Chadds Ford in Pennsylvania. The battle was
    a major victory for the British and enabled them
    to capture the city of Philadelphia

6
Assessment 3
  • Which of the following locations is the site of
    the camp of the American Continental Army during
    the American Revolutionary War in the winter of
    1777-1778? At this location, there was great
    suffering for George Washingtons Army however,
    it was also a time of re-training and
    rejuvenation.
  • A. Lexington Concord
  • B. Brandywine
  • C. Valley Forge
  • D. Trenton

7
Morristown Winter Encampment 1776-1777
8
Morristown Winter Encampment 1776-1777
  • THESE are the times that try men's souls. The
    summer soldier and the sunshine patriot
    will, in this crisis, shrink from the service
    of their country but he that stands by it
    now, deserves the love and thanks of man and
    woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily
    conquered yet we have this consolation with
    us, that the harder the conflict, the more
    glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap,
    we esteem too lightly it is dearness only that
    gives every thing its value. Heaven knows how to
    put a proper price upon its goods and it would
    be strange indeed if so celestial an article as
    FREEDOM should not be highly rated. December
    23rd, 1776

9
Enduring Understanding III Rise of a Nation
Students will Investigate the similarities
found in the causes, courses, and consequences of
the rise of the United States of America. They
will be able to recognize these three themes
through a study of Colonial Conflict, the
Revolutionary War and the foundations of
government.
  • III What key battles happened during the middle
    of the Revolutionary War 1777 to the winter
    of 1778-79 at Valley Forge? Who was involved,
    what occurred, what was the impact?
  • III.7 What events and individuals brought
    European aid to the American cause? What was
    their impact on the course of the Revolutionary
    War?

10
Americas War for Independence 1777 The Turning
Point
  • 4) Which of the following paragraphs best
    describes the Battle of Saratoga?
  • A. This was an American victory resulting in the
    surrender of an entire British army invading New
    York from Canada. British General John Burgoyne
    was surrounded by a much larger American militia
    force and forced to surrender. This victory
    prevented New England from being isolated. A
    major result was that France entered the conflict
    on behalf of the Americans.
  • B. This was a key battle in the West. During
    this battle a small force of American soldiers
    led by George Rogers Clark surprised the British
    troops and encircled British and Indian troops at
    Fort Sackville in Indiana. The Americans sent a
    flag of truce asking for the British surrender.
    The Americans refused the British terms and had
    four captured Indians killed in front of the fort
    with a tomahawk which caused the British to
    surrender on American terms.
  • C. This battle was a victory by a combined
    assault of French and American Forces led by
    George Washington. Under the cover of night the
    Continental Army marched around the English Army.
    The French closed the entrance to Chesapeake Bay
    and stranded the English from supply by sea. The
    Americans arrived just in time to overcome the
    British. This defeat caused the British
    government to negotiate an end to the American
    Revolutionary War.
  • D. This battle was lost by the Americans. It
    led to Howe taking the American capitol of
    Philadelphia however the victory was a hollow
    victory, as Congress had fled the city. And
    British losses were high.

11
Americas War for Independence 1777 The Turning
Point
  • 5) Which of the following paragraphs best
    describes the Battle of Brandywine?
  • A. This was an American victory resulting in the
    surrender of an entire British army invading New
    York from Canada. British General John Burgoyne
    was surrounded by a much larger American militia
    force and forced to surrender. This victory
    prevented New England from being isolated. A
    major result was that France entered the conflict
    on behalf of the Americans.
  • B. This was a key battle in the West. During
    this battle a small force of American soldiers
    led by George Rogers Clark surprised the British
    troops and encircled British and Indian troops at
    Fort Sackville in Indiana. The Americans sent a
    flag of truce asking for the British surrender.
    The Americans refused the British terms and had
    four captured Indians killed in front of the fort
    with a tomahawk which caused the British to
    surrender on American terms.
  • C. This battle was a victory by a combined
    assault of French and American Forces led by
    George Washington. Under the cover of night the
    Continental Army marched around the English Army.
    The French closed the entrance to Chesapeake Bay
    and stranded the English from supply by sea. The
    Americans arrived just in time to overcome the
    British. This defeat caused the British
    government to negotiate an end to the American
    Revolutionary War.
  • D. This battle was lost by the Americans. It
    led to Howe taking the American capitol of
    Philadelphia however the victory was a hollow
    victory, as Congress had fled the city. And
    British losses were high.

12
Americas War for Independence 1777 The Turning
Point
  • 6) Which of the following locations is the site
    of the camp of the American Continental Army
    during the American Revolutionary War in the
    winter of 1777-1778? At this location, there was
    great suffering for George Washingtons Army
    however, it was also a time of re-training and
    rejuvenation.
  • A. Lexington Concord
  • B. Brandywine
  • C. Valley Forge
  • D. Trenton

13
Americas War for Independence 1777 The Turning
Point
  • 8) Which of the following paragraphs best
    describes the ways in which France assisted the
    Americans during the Revolutionary War?
  • A. Their troops successfully defeated British
    colonial forces in Louisiana and Alabama thus
    protecting New Orleans. Their victories denied
    the British the opportunity of encircling the
    American rebels from the south, and kept open a
    vital conduit for supplies.
  • B. They used their navy to help American ships
    that committed piracy against British merchant
    ships, they provided economic aid, either as
    donations or loans, and also offered technical
    assistance, granting some of its military
    strategists "vacations", so they could assist.

14
Americas War for Independence 1777-1778
  • Explain or defend the following statement
  • Divided counsels, overconfidence, poor
    communications, and indecision plagued the
    British in 1777-1778

Disc II Scene IV The Americans Assemble (20 min)
to a new race of men
15
Americas War for Independence 1777 The Battle
of Saratoga
Burgoyne met with Indian allies
  • General John Burgoyne was surrounded by a much
    larger American militia force and forced to
    surrender. American victory prevented New England
    from being isolated.

Burgoyne attack and divide from the North
Divide Conquer
Gates Arnold sent by Congress
Washington took the main army to Philadelphia
Howe attack divide from the South
Howe left for Philadelphia
16
Battle of Brandywine Sept 11, 1777
American lost
American lost
British objective Take the capitol (Philadelphia)
17
Battle of Brandywine Sept 11, 1777
  • General Howe and his Army moved to Philadelphia.
  • Congress abandoned Philadelphia
  • Enlistments went from 15,000 to 6,000.
  • Washington moved the army to Valley Forge for
    winter encampment

18
Americas War for Independence 1777 Valley Forge
  • The site of the camp of the American Continental
    Army during the American Revolutionary War in the
    winter of 1777-1778. At this location, there was
    great suffering for George Washingtons Army
    however, it was also a time of re-training and
    rejuvenation.

19
Americas War for Independence 1777 The Turning
Point
  • The French used their navy to help American ships
    that committed piracy against British merchant
    ships, they provided economic aid, either as
    donations or loans, and also offered technical
    assistance, granting some of its military
    strategists "vacations", so they could assist.

20
Americas War for Independence 1777 French
Spanish Assistance
  • The Spanish successfully defeated British
    colonial forces in Louisiana and Alabama thus
    protecting New Orleans. Their victories denied
    the British the opportunity of encircling the
    American rebels from the south, and kept open a
    vital conduit for supplies.

21
Americas War for Independence
  • 9) Which of the following paragraphs best
    describes the Battle of Vincennes?
  • A. This was an American victory resulting in the
    surrender of an entire British army invading New
    York from Canada. British General John Burgoyne
    was surrounded by a much larger American militia
    force and forced to surrender. This victory
    prevented New England from being isolated. A
    major result was that France entered the conflict
    on behalf of the Americans.
  • B. This was a key battle in the West. During
    this battle a small force of American soldiers
    led by George Rogers Clark surprised the British
    troops and encircled British and Indian troops at
    Fort Sackville in Indiana. The Americans sent a
    flag of truce asking for the British surrender.
    The Americans refused the British terms and had
    four captured Indians killed in front of the fort
    with a tomahawk which caused the British to
    surrender on American terms.
  • C. This battle was a victory by a combined
    assault of French and American Forces led by
    George Washington. Under the cover of night the
    Continental Army marched around the English Army.
    The French closed the entrance to Chesapeake Bay
    and stranded the English from supply by sea. The
    Americans arrived just in time to overcome the
    British. This defeat caused the British
    government to negotiate an end to the American
    Revolutionary War.
  • D. This battle was lost by the Americans. It
    led to Howe taking the American capitol of
    Philadelphia however the victory was a hollow
    victory, as Congress had fled the city. And
    British losses were high.

22
Americas War for Independence
  • 10) Which of the following paragraphs best
    describes the Yorktown?
  • A. This was an American victory resulting in the
    surrender of an entire British army invading New
    York from Canada. British General John Burgoyne
    was surrounded by a much larger American militia
    force and forced to surrender. This victory
    prevented New England from being isolated. A
    major result was that France entered the conflict
    on behalf of the Americans.
  • B. This was a key battle in the West. During
    this battle a small force of American soldiers
    led by George Rogers Clark surprised the British
    troops and encircled British and Indian troops at
    Fort Sackville in Indiana. The Americans sent a
    flag of truce asking for the British surrender.
    The Americans refused the British terms and had
    four captured Indians killed in front of the fort
    with a tomahawk which caused the British to
    surrender on American terms.
  • C. This battle was a victory by a combined
    assault of French and American Forces led by
    George Washington. Under the cover of night the
    Continental Army marched around the English Army.
    The French closed the entrance to Chesapeake Bay
    and stranded the English from supply by sea. The
    Americans arrived just in time to overcome the
    British. This defeat caused the British
    government to negotiate an end to the American
    Revolutionary War.
  • D. This battle was lost by the Americans. It
    led to Howe taking the American capitol of
    Philadelphia however the victory was a hollow
    victory, as Congress had fled the city. And
    British losses were high.

23
Enduring Understanding III Rise of a Nation
Students will Investigate the similarities
found in the causes, courses, and consequences of
the rise of the United States of America. They
will be able to recognize these three themes
through a study of Colonial Conflict, the
Revolutionary War and the foundations of
government.
  • III.8 What key battles happened during the 2nd
    half of the Revolutionary War from the winter of
    1778 at Valley Forge to victory at Yorktown,
    including the Treaty of Paris of 1783.   Who was
    involved, what occurred, what was the impact?

24
Americas War for Independence 1777-1778
  • Explain or defend the following statement
  • The English mistakenly believed that Loyalists
    Tories had the same motivation for success as did
    they.

Disc III Scene II The Invasion of the South,
starts _at_ 400 min to 1516 after Cornwalliss
Speech begin again _at_ 2403 I am alone women
speaking to English Historian _at_ 32.30 Its what
happened to the French Americans in Indochina
(20 min in all)
25
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781 (1783)
Guerilla Warfare
  • While the American Revolutionary War is often
    thought of as a guerrilla war, guerrilla tactics
    were uncommon, and almost all of the battles
    involved conventional battles.
  • The war in the South was a war of attrition, as
    such guerilla warfare played an important role in
    defeating the British in the South
  • In the south, where the war was very much like a
    Civil War, the brunt of the war was upon militia
    forces they used concealment, surprise, and other
    guerrilla tactics to much advantage.

26
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781 (1783)
Guerilla Warfare
  • Guerilla warriors in South Carolina often
    attacked the British, and their loyalist allies,
    at unexpected places and then faded into the
    swamps by the time the British were able to
    organized and return fire, one of the most famous
    of these warriors was Francis Marion called "The
    Swamp Fox" by the British. He used decoy and
    ambush tactics to disrupt enemy communications,
    capture supplies, and free prisoners. Marion is
    considered one of the fathers of modern guerilla
    warfare.

27
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781
(1783)The Battle of Vincennes
  • During this battle a small force of American
    soldiers surprised the British troops and
    encircled British and Indian troops at Fort
    Sackville in Indiana. The Americans sent a flag
    of truce asking for the British surrender. The
    Americans refused the British terms and had four
    captured Indians killed in front of the fort with
    a tomahawk which caused the British to surrender
    on American terms.

George Rogers Clark
28
Americas War for Independence 1777-1778
  • Explain or defend the following statement
  • Divided counsels, overconfidence, poor
    communications, and indecision plagued the
    British in 1780-1781

Disc III Part V Scene 8 It will take a miracle
_at_ 3525 to 4940 In Tom Paines words you
cannot conquer an idea with an army (15 minutes
in total)
29
Enduring Understanding III Rise of a Nation
Students will Investigate the similarities
found in the causes, courses, and consequences of
the rise of the United States of America. They
will be able to recognize these three themes
through a study of Colonial Conflict, the
Revolutionary War and the foundations of
government.
  • III.8 What key battles happened during the last
    years of the Revolutionary War from the Battle
    of victory at Yorktown, to the Treaty of Paris of
    1783.   Who was involved, what occurred, what was
    the impact?

30
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781 (1783)
Yorktown
  • This battle was a victory by a combined assault
    of French and American Forces led by George
    Washington. Under the cover of night the
    Continental Army marched around the English Army,
    with Clinton in New York. The French closed the
    entrance to Chesapeake Bay and stranded the
    English from supply by sea. The Americans arrived
    just in time to overcome the British lead by
    Cornwallis. This defeat caused the British
    government to negotiate an end to the American
    Revolutionary War.

31
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781 (1783)
32
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781 (1783)
Treaty of Paris
  • 1) Forced Britain to recognize the 13 colonies as
    free and independent States
  • 2) Established the boundaries of the United
    States
  • 3) Granted fishing rights to the United States
  • 4) Provided for payment to creditors on both
    sides
  • 5) Forced Americans to return all confiscated
    lands to British subjects Loyalists never
    implemented

33
Americas War for Independence 1778-1781 (1783)
Treaty of Paris
  • 6) Ensured that prisoners of war on both sides
    were released.
  • 7) Guaranteed that Great Britain and the United
    States were each to be given access to the
    Mississippi River.
  • 8) Territories captured by Americans subsequent
    to treaty would be returned without compensation.

34
  • III.10 Who were the key American Individuals in
    the Revolution and what were their contributions?
  • Thomas Paine
  • John Adams
  • Samuel Adams
  • Patrick Henry
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Benedict Arnold
  • Horatio Gates
  • Francis Marion
  • Nathan Hale
  • boy soldiers (drummer boy, flag bearer)?
  • III.11 Examine how the Revolutionary War affected
    the Colonists, NOT including soldiers. How did
    this impact the economy, home life, daily life
    and how did it affect women, children, slaves,
    Loyalists, and Patriots?

35
  • Lexington and Concord
  • Battle of Bunker/Breeds Hill
  • Dorchester Heights
  • Battle of Long Island
  • e. Battle of Trenton
  • f. Battle of Brandywine
  • g. Battle of Saratoga
  • h. Winter Encampment at V.F
  • French Spanish entry
  • j. Yorktown

36
Lexington Concord
37
Battle of Bunker/ Breeds Hill
38
Dorchester Heights C
39
Global impact of Revolutionary War
Choose three most important i.e. long term
consequences be able to explain why
40
Battle of Long Island D
41
Battle of Trenton E
42
Battle of Brandywine F
43
Saratoga G
44
Valley Forge H
45
French enter the war I
46
Yorktown J
47
Treaty of Paris K
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