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Title: Temptation


1
Temptation

Vocation
A Study Guide for CS Lewiss Screwtape
Letters With Special Emphasis on Calling and
Vocation Issues for Daily Living A Lilly Grant
Project Calvin College Paulo and Adriana
Ribeiro  
Intervarsity Christian Fellowship Tallahassee Fal
l 2006
 
2
Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the
devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking
for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm
in the faith, because you know that your brothers
throughout the world are undergoing the same kind
of sufferings. I Peter 58-9 Rather, we have
renounced secret and shameful ways we do not use
deception, nor do we distort the word of God. On
the contrary, by setting forth the truth The
god of this age has blinded the minds of
unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of
the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the
image of God. II Co. 42-4
3
Temptation
Vocation

Introduction
  • These letters were supposedly written by an
    experienced devil, Screwtape, to his young
    nephew, Wormwood.
  • When these letters first appeared in the
    Manchester Guardian during the World War II, a
    reader wrote as to cancel his subscription
    because much of the advice given in these
    letters seemed to him not only erroneous but
    positively diabolical. The objective is not
    to wonder about the diabolical life but to throw
    light from a new perspective on the life of man.
  • The letters cover many different situations,
    which Christians are faced with on a daily basis.
  • The objective is to encourage us to reflect on
    these daily life issues, trying to understand
    how they can affect our spiritual life and
    vocational struggles.

4
Temptation
Vocation

Introduction
  • Screwtape is a senior devil in the lowerarchy of
    Our Father Below
  • The letters are directed to his nephew (Wormwood)
    on earth, working on a young Christian (the
    patient).
  • The goal is to secure his soul forever
  • To turn the patient against God (the Enemy)
  • To the devils, we humans are primarily food.

5
Temptation
Vocation

Introduction
  • The Screwtape Letters is fiction with the
    Christian perspective presented in an upside down
    way .
  • World War II serves as the backdrop for the
    Letters, but the war does not affect the
    timelessness of the instructions.
  • It does not address evil on a grand scale, but
    evil on a small scale.
  • It deals with relationships with friends and
    family, the church, prayer, etc.
  • The letters entertains while it instructs.
  • It is a book to be studied with humility and
    prayer.

"It does not matter how small the sins are,
provided that their cumulative effect is to edge
the man away from the Light and out into the
Nothing. Murder is no better than cards if cards
can do the trick. Indeed, the safest road to Hell
is the gradual one--the gentle slope, soft
underfoot, without sudden turnings, without
milestones, without signposts."
6
Temptation
Vocation

Introduction
  • Are you here just (as a spectator) for this bible
    study?
  • If yes, you came to the wrong place?
  • If no, are you prepared to face the consequences
    (of this, or any other bible study)?

7
Word of Caution
  • There are two equal and opposite errors into
    which our race can fall about the devils
  • One is to disbelieve in their existence.
  • The other is to believe, and to feel an excessive
    and unhealthy interest in them.
  • They themselves are equally pleased by both
    errors and hail a materialist or a magician with
    the same delight.
  • When reading the letters we should not forget
    that the devil is a liar. Not everything that
    Screwtape says should be assumed to be true even
    from his own angle.

8
Temptation
Vocation

The Book, etc.
Dedicated to JRR Tolkien (instrumental in Lewiss
conversion) Who did not like the dedication - -
- Lewis became instrumental in Tolkiens
publications - - - Tolkien did no like the
Narnia Chronicles - - -
9
Temptation
Vocation

10
Temptation
Vocation

A Vocation / Temptation Flow Chart
Temptations
Temptations
Temptations
Temptations
Service
Talents
Vocation
Calling
(Holy Spirit) Re-Direction
"What Satan put into the heads of our remote
ancestors was the idea that they could 'be like
gods' - could set up on their own as if they had
created themselves - be their own masters -
invent some sort of happiness for themselves
outside God, apart from God. And out of that
hopeless attempt has come nearly all that we call
human history - money, poverty, ambition, war,
prostitution, classes, empires, slavery - the
long terrible story of humanity trying to find
something other than God to make them happy."
11
Temptation
Vocation

The Voice of the Vocation
This is the very portrait of a vocation a thing
that calls or beckons, that calls inexorably, yet
you must strain your ears to catch the voice,
that insists on being sought, yet refuses to be
found. To follow the vocation does not mean
happiness but once it has been heard, there is
no happiness for those who do not follow.
Preface to Paradise Lost
12
Temptation
Vocation

The Fundamental Process
Gods Law Gods Will
Obey?
No
Unhappiness
Hard Way Virtues Duty
Yes
Easy Way Rebellion Rejection
Joy (not necessarily happiness)
13
The Fundamental Questions
Any Human Activity
Has It Been Affected By Sin?
Is It Beautiful? (Creational)
No
Fall
Yes
Yes
Is It Good? (Moral)
What Can I Do To Renew It?
No
Creation
Physical
Psychological
Yes
Is It Permanent? (Eternal)
No
Spiritual
Redemption
Yes
14
The Nature and Possibilities of Choices
Milton was right, said the Teacher. The choice
of every lost soul can be expressed in the words
Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven.
There is always something they insist on keeping
even at the price of misery. There is always
something they prefer to joy that is to
reality. You see it enough in a spoiled child
that would sooner miss its play and its supper
than say it was sorry and be friends. Every day
we are - - - - -becoming or helping others to
become Hellish or Heavenly creatures
For Every Choice One Makes (In Any Human
Activity)
Which Way?
Does Not Conform to BGP
Conforms to BGP
Leads to Heaven
Leads to Hell
Uncertain
Two Possible Directions
BGP Beautiful, Good and Permanent
15
Good or Evil Multiplies as a FractalOne Simple
Structure Can Create a Beautiful Picture or a
Hellish Design
http//sparktography.blogs.com/blogtonia/Blue-clou
d-render.jpg
http//www.bergoiata.org/fe/fractal/Fractals269.jp
g
16
"People often think of Christian morality as a
kind of bargain in which God says, 'If you keep a
lot of rules, I'll reward you, and if you don't
I'll do the other thing.' I do not think that is
the best way of looking at it. I would much
rather say that every time you make a choice you
are turning the central part of you, the part of
you that chooses, into something a little
different from what it was before. And taking
your life as a whole, with all your innumerable
choices, all your life long you are slowly
turning this central thing into a Heaven creature
or into a hellish creature either into a
creature that is in harmony with God, and with
other creatures, and with itself, or else into
one that is in a state of war and hatred with
God, and with its fellow creatures, and with
itself. To be the one kind of creature is Heaven
that is, it is joy, and peace, and knowledge, and
power. To be the other means madness, horror,
idiocy, rage, impotence, and eternal loneliness.
Each of us at each moment is progressing to the
one state or the other."
http//astronomy.swin.edu.au/pbourke/fractals/cli
fford/
17
Reasons for the Lack of Stock Responses
Decay of Logic Romantic Primitivism (preference
for the natural rather than elaborated, the
un-willed to the willed) Confusion between
organization and pretense of response A belief
that certain elementary rectitude of human
response is given by nature herself.
That elementary rectitude of human response, at
which we are so ready to fling the unkind
epithets of stock, crude, bourgeois, and
conventional, so far from being given is a
delicate balance of trained habits, laboriously
acquired and easily lost, on the maintenance of
which depend both our virtues and our pleasures
and even, perhaps, the survival of our species.
... While the moderns have been pressing forward
to conquer new territories of consciousness, the
old territory, in which man alone can live, has
been left unguarded, and we are in danger of
finding the enemy in our rear .
18
The Fundamental Mechanism
Vision
Action
Discipline / Habit
Passion
http//www.graphics-galore.com/images/Abstracts,2
0etc/Abstracts,20etc-2/Shalom.jpg
19
Outline
  • General Introduction
  • The Letters
  • How to read them
  • How it all begun Lessons from Paradise (The
    Losing of the Original Calling / Vocation)
  • Defining Calling / Vocation
  • Considerations on Calling and Vocation
  • Letters (31 Letters)
  • Title, Topics and Issues
  • Vocabulary / Key Words
  • Analysis Matrix
  • Questions for Thinking, Discussions and
    Reflections
  • Resistance Strategy
  • Key Scriptures to Memorize (and repeat!!)
  • Virtues and Stock Responses to Cultivate
  • Concepts to Restore
  • Characters From The Great Divorce, The Pilgrims
    Regress, etc.
  • Conclusions
  • Steps for Restoring The Vocation Path / Road Map
  • Appendices

20
Outline 1 - Reason / Truth, Material Needs and
Science Books and Friends Intellect,
Philosophies, Doctrines Material Needs Meaning of
Life Science Knowledge 2 - Appearance, Reality
and the Church Habits Mental Bodily The
Church Appearance and Reality Emotions Humility Pr
ayer 3 - Relationships, Prayer and Faith and
Action Relationship with Spouse and Family Common
Ground and Actions Prayer Coffee and Heart
Attack
21
Outline 4 - Prayer Why? And Does It
Work? Prayer Form Position Attitude Direction 5
- War, Fear of Pain, Suffering, Death and Faith
Pain, Suffering and Faith Reaction to
War Death Faith 6 - My (Not Thy?) Will Be Done
Life's Tribulations General Activities of the
Mind General Attitude to War General Attitude 7
- Devils Existence, Church and War the Devils
Existence Church Attitude to War (different ages)
Church and War
22
Outline 8 - The Natural Law of Undulation Human
Nature Human Freedom The Continuous Struggle the
Best Weapon 9 - Undulation, Moderation and
Phases Undulation and Pleasure Knowledge of Right
and Wrong Religion 10 - Flirting with the World,
Friends and Acquaintances Attitudes Christian
Literature Parallel Lives 11 - Human Laughter
Joy, Fun, the Joke Proper, and Flippancy Joy,
Fun The Joke Proper (Sudden perception of
incongruity) Flippancy (frivolous, disrespectful,
saucy, impertinent) 12 - Lukewarm Behavior - The
Safest Road to Hell Spiritual Condition Prayer
Life Pleasures Activities
23
Outline 18 - Complete Abstinence or Unmitigated
Monogamy Sexual Temptation Philosophy of
Hell Sex 19 - The Essence of God Love The
Essence of the Devil Marriage and Being in
Love 20 - The Devil's Agenda Sexual Insanity,
Promiscuity and Pervasion Chastity Sexuality and
Marriage Sexual Taste 21 - Our False Sense of
Ownership - All Belongs to Him Intellect Claims
on Life Time Ownership Possession
24
Outline 22 - Beatific and Miserific Visions
Love Character Traces Pleasures Witness Music and
Silence The Devil 23 - Liberal Theology
Spirituality Theology and Politics Historical
Jesus Prayer and Sacrament Resurrection
Redemption Christianity and Politics 24 -
Spiritual Pride and Inner Circles Armor of
God Color of our Faith Pride Inner Circles
25
Outline 25 - The Horror of the Same Old Thing -
Replacing Mere Christianity by Fashion and
Christian Coloring Fashions Feelings Experience
of reality in time Emotional Changes Intellect The
Future 26 - Love, Unselfishness Charity and
Conflict Relationships Unselfishness Generous
Conflict of Illusion Mrs. Fidget (The Four
Loves) 27 - Prayer, Love, and Truth Prayer Love
and Petitionary Prayer Time, Prayer and
Predestination the Historical Point of View
26
Outline 28 - Time, Aging, and Perseverance Life
and Death, Body and Soul, Time and Eternity and
Youth Longing, Optimism, Perseverance Middle Age,
Adversity and prosperity, Worldliness, Old Age,
Pride, Experience, Death 29 - Virtues and Vices
Danger and Virtues Love / Hatred Fear, Cowardice
Courage Despair 30 - Fear, Fatigue, Emotions,
and "Reality" Self Knowledge Emotions Fatigue Real
ity 31 - Death Is that The End? Eternal Life
Everlasting Glory or Eternal Damnation Death New
Life In God's Presence
27
A Suggestion on How to Read Them
  • I note what you say about guiding our
    patient's reading and taking care that he sees a
    good deal of his materialist friend. But are you
    not being a trifle naïf? It sounds as if you
    supposed that argument was the way to keep him
    out of the Enemy's clutches. That might have been
    so if he had lived a few centuries earlier. At
    that time the humans still knew pretty well when
    a thing was proved and when it was not and if it
    was proved they really believed it. They still
    connected thinking with doing and were prepared
    to alter their way of life as the result of a
    chain of reasoning. But what with the weekly
    press and other such weapons we have largely
    altered that. Your man has been accustomed, ever
    since he was a boy, to have a dozen incompatible
    philosophies dancing about together inside his
    head. He doesn't think of doctrines as primarily
    "true" of "false", but as "academic" or
    "practical", "outworn" or "contemporary",
    "conventional" or "ruthless". Jargon, not
    argument, is your best ally in keeping him from
    the Church. Don't waste time trying to make him
    think that materialism is true! Make him think it
    is strong, or stark, or courageousthat it is the
    philosophy of the future. That's the sort of
    thing he cares about.
  • Red Devilish Comments and Advices
  • Blue Dubious Devilfish Comments and Advices
  • Black Connecting Sentences

Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations/ References
Books and Friends   Materialistic Incompatible Philosophies Christian Character Building, Believing Search for Wisdom Truth, honesty are needed Ro 53-5 rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering...character Jas 16 he must believe and not doubt Pr 47 get wisdom. Though it cost get understanding Jeremiah 51 deals honestly the truth Php 48 whatever is true
28
A Hint on How it all began Lessons from
Paradise
  • The Losing of the Original Calling / Vocation
  • The Steps towards the first misdirection on our
    vocation road map
  • Feeling of self importance
  • Sense of insatisfaction
  • Desire for more (power)
  • Lusting with prohibited things
  • Falling (active participation) into temptation
  • Realization of the deadly consequences
  • Rejection of sole responsibility
  • Recognition of obedience and disobedience
  • Provokes others to follow similar action of
    disobedience - spreads evil
  • Hides the motivation behind the actions
  • Exploits the secret motivation to gain control
  • Rouses transgression for promoting its own
    benefit
  • Action causes death, in other words an act of
    murder is committed
  • Becomes blind to the real meaning for the action
    (No man / woman, perhaps, ever at first described
    to himself the act he was about to do as murder,
    adultery, perversion. When he hears it so
    described by other men he is sincerely shocked
    and surprised )

29
Defining Calling / Vocation
  • Considerations on Calling and Vocation

Vocation, profession, gifts, work, trade, talent,
aptitude, calling, etc. What are their meanings?
What is a talent? What am I supposed to be and
do? What should I be doing as an agent of
renewal? What is their significance in our choice
of studies and professional life? What is the
most significance factor in our calling to be
salt and light? What will I be when I grow up?
What and how should I live out my professional
life as to be a blessing and help forwarding of
Gods Kingdom? We pray daily Your Kingdom
come, Your will be done (Matthew 610). But how
does this apply to my living, working, and how do
I incorporate play? Before we go on let us
just remind ourselves the meaning of vocation
career profession, job, occupation, work, trade,
craft, art or calling aptitude, inclination,
talent, natural ability, ability. With these
definitions in mind let us work through a few
examples of people in the bible who where called
to serve. How did they fare under Gods guidance?
In the Old Testament we see for example of
Abraham, some of the artisans of the first
tabernacle, Barak and Debora, Isaiah and
Jeremiah. In the New Testament, we see the
examples of Maria, Philip and Paul. You add more
examples from the bible and of your
circumstances. - - - - - - - - - - Reference
Callings, etc.
30
A Lesson from OT Biblical Botanical Parables
  • The Old Testament is full of stories, full of
    warnings, occurring as examples to keep us from
    setting our hearts on evil things as they did (1
    Corinthians 106). What a richness and wealth is
    available to us as we read under the guidance of
    the Holy Spirit!
  • In the midst of a nasty development after
    Gideons death, some of his mistakes came with
    consequences to his sons. He had taken a slave
    girl from Sechem as a wife and had a son with
    her. This son after his death killed, in a plot,
    all other sons except one. This is part of the
    complaint of the only son still alive.
  • Judges 98-15
  • One day the trees went out to anoint a king for
    themselves. They said to the olive tree, 'Be our
    king.'
  • 9 "But the olive tree answered, 'Should I give
    up my oil, by which both gods and men are
    honored, to hold sway over the trees?'
  • 10 "Next, the trees said to the fig tree, 'Come
    and be our king.'
  • 11 "But the fig tree replied, 'Should I give up
    my fruit, so good and sweet, to hold sway over
    the trees?'
  • 12 "Then the trees said to the vine, 'Come and
    be our king.'
  • 13 "But the vine answered, 'Should I give up my
    wine, which cheers both gods and men, to hold
    sway over the trees?'
  • 14 "Finally all the trees said to the thornbush,
    'Come and be our king.'
  • 15 "The thornbush said to the trees, 'If you
    really want to anoint me king over you, come and
    take refuge in my shade but if not, then let
    fire come out of the thorn bush and consume the
    cedars of Lebanon!'

31
A Lesson from OT Biblical Botanical Parables
The plants express honor in the work God had
assigned to them. Their natural gifts accepted as
worthy of full engagement. There is no desire to
rule, just an intense desire to continue doing
what they could do best. What should our vocation
be? In Genesis God made man in our image, in our
likeness, and let them rule (Genesis 126) we
where made rulers -each with our own, specific,
God given gifts. Then, we hear our Lord Jesus, in
Mark 1042-44 when he sates "You know that those
who are regarded as rulers of the Gentiles lord
it over them, and their high officials exercise
authority over them. Not so with you. Instead,
whoever wants to become great among you must be
your servant, and whoever wants to be first must
be slave of all. We here have an excellent
guideline to our vocational choice. Not
forgetting that we need to serve in love
(Galatians 513) wholeheartedly (Ephesians 67),
It is actually a liberating experience not to be
in need to be the best (even if I have no gift
for the job) as to achieve that specific, most
desired ruling job. Our rule should be one of
servitude. And, if God gives us a position of
leadership, we should be humble and serving,
following our master, always aware of proverbs
1618 which says Pride goes before destruction,
a haughty spirit before a fall. King Solomon
himself being one of the outstanding examples.
As an addendum it needs to be said that 10Each
one should use whatever gift he has received to
serve others, faithfully administering God's
grace in its various forms. 11If anyone speaks,
he should do it as one speaking the very words of
God. If anyone serves, he should do it with the
strength God provides, so that in all things God
may be praised through Jesus Christ. To him be
the glory and the power for ever and ever. Amen.
Adriana
32
Letter I Title Reason, Truth, Material Needs
and Science Fundamental Principles For Seeking
Direction In this letter CSL covers many
subjects related to seeking direction for life.
From books and friends, to intellectual
attitudes from material needs to the meaning of
life and the popular understanding and use of
science and knowledge, he briefly brings all
these issues into light. Since the advice
proceeds from a devilish perspective the approach
is to put us into a state of confusion and
emphasize what Lewis calls it chronological
Snobbery (ref..).   Be self-controlled and
alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a
roaring lion looking for someone to devour.
Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because
you know that your brothers throughout the world
are undergoing the same kind of sufferings. I
Peter 58-9 Like a good chess player he (Satan)
is always trying to maneuver you into a position
where you can save your castle only by losing
your bishop. CSL    
33
MY DEAR WORMWOOD, I note what you say about
guiding our patient's reading and taking care
that he sees a good deal of his materialist
friend. But are you not being a trifle naïf? It
sounds as if you supposed that argument was the
way to keep him out of the Enemy's clutches. That
might have been so if he had lived a few
centuries earlier. At that time the humans still
knew pretty well when a thing was proved and when
it was not and if it was proved they really
believed it. They still connected thinking with
doing and were prepared to alter their way of
life as the result of a chain of reasoning. But
what with the weekly press and other such weapons
we have largely altered that. Your man has been
accustomed, ever since he was a boy, to have a
dozen incompatible philosophies dancing about
together inside his head. He doesn't think of
doctrines as primarily "true" of "false", but as
"academic" or "practical", "outworn" or
"contemporary", "conventional" or "ruthless".
Jargon, not argument, is your best ally in
keeping him from the Church. Don't waste time
trying to make him think that materialism is
true! Make him think it is strong, or stark, or
courageousthat it is the philosophy of the
future. That's the sort of thing he cares
about. The trouble about argument is that it
moves the whole struggle onto the Enemy's own
ground. He can argue too whereas in really
practical propaganda of the kind I am suggesting
He has been shown for centuries to be greatly the
inferior of Our Father Below. By the very act of
arguing, you awake the patient's reason and once
it is awake, who can foresee the result? Even if
a particular train of thought can be twisted so
as to end in our favour, you will find that you
have been strengthening in your patient the fatal
habit of attending to universal issues and
withdrawing his attention from the stream of
immediate sense experiences. Your business is to
fix his attention on the stream. Teach him to
call it "real life" and don't let him ask what he
means by "real". Remember, he is not, like you, a
pure spirit. Never having been a human (Oh that
abominable advantage of the Enemy's!) you don't
realize how enslaved they are to the pressure of
the ordinary. I once had a patient, a sound
atheist, who used to read in the British Museum.
One day, as he sat reading, I saw a train of
thought in his mind beginning to go the wrong
way. The Enemy, of course, was at his elbow in a
moment. Before I knew where I was I saw my twenty
years' work beginning to totter. If I had lost my
head and begun to attempt a defense by argument I
should have been undone. But I was not such a
fool. I struck instantly at the part of the man
which I had best under my control and suggested
that it was just about time he had some lunch.
The Enemy presumably made the counter-suggestion
34
(you know how one can never quite overhear What
He says to them?) that this was more important
than lunch. At least I think that must have been
His line for when I said "Quite. In fact much too
important to tackle it the end of a morning", the
patient brightened up considerably and by the
time I had added "Much better come back after
lunch and go into it with a fresh mind", he was
already half way to the door. Once he was in the
street the battle was won. I showed him a newsboy
shouting the midday paper, and a No. 73 bus going
past, and before he reached the bottom of the
steps I had got into him an unalterable
conviction that, whatever odd ideas might come
into a man's head when he was shut up alone with
his books, a healthy dose of "real life" (by
which he meant the bus and the newsboy) was
enough to show him that all "that sort of thing"
just couldn't be true. He knew he'd had a narrow
escape and in later years was fond of talking
about "that inarticulate sense for actuality
which is our ultimate safeguard against the
aberrations of mere logic". He is now safe in Our
Father's house. You begin to see the
point? Thanks to processes which we set at work
in them centuries ago, they find it all but
impossible to believe in the unfamiliar while the
familiar is before their eyes. Keep pressing home
on him the ordinariness of things. Above all, do
not attempt to use science (I mean, the real
sciences) as a defense against Christianity. They
will positively encourage him to think about
realities he can't touch and see. There have been
sad cases among the modern physicists. If he must
dabble in science, keep him on economics and
sociology don't let him get away from that
invaluable "real life". But the best of all is to
let him read no science but to give him a grand
general idea that he knows it all and that
everything he happens to have picked up in casual
talk and reading is "the results of modem
investigation". Do remember you are there to
fuddle him. From the way some of you young fiends
talk, anyone would suppose it was our job to
teach! Your affectionate uncle SCREWTAPE
35
Truth
Materialism Reasoning Philosophies Doctrines True
/ False Academic / Practical /Outworn Contemporary
/ Conventional Jargon Church Argument Stream Spir
it Ordinary Atheism Actuality Unfamiliar /
Ordinariness Science Economics / Sociology Real
life Modern Fuddle
Vocabulary Key Words Letter I  
Imagination
Science
Reason
36
Analysis Matrix Letter I Reason, Truth,
Material Needs and Science  
Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations/ References
Books and Friends   Relativistic, materialistic Christian Character Building, Believing Search for Wisdom Truth, honesty are needed Ro 53-5 rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering...character Jas 16 he must believe and not doubt Pr 47 get wisdom. Though it cost get understanding Jeremiah 51 deals honestly the truth Ph 48 whatever is true
Intellect a. Avoid argument and reasoning. b. Use jargon instead. c. Make him THINK he is strong a. Avoid stupid arguments b. Real Wisdom comes from God c. Get truth and understanding at all cost d. God Says BE strong, e. Gods wisdom is GRACE a. 2Tim 223 Don't have anything stupid arguments b. 1 Kings 328 wisdom from God c. Prov 2323 Buy the truth and do not sell itunderstanding d. Php 313-14 Forgetting what is behind and straining toward Isa 354 Be strong, do not fear e. 2 Corinthians 112 not according to worldly wisdom but according to God's grace
continues
37
Analysis Matrix Letter I Reason, Truth,
Material Needs and Science  
Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations/ References
Philosophies Doctrines a. Encourage several Incompatible Philosophies inside his head b. Doctrines Academic or Practical Outworn or Contemporary Conventional or Ruthless d. Language Use Jargon (and propaganda) Colossians 24 so that no one may deceive you by fine-sounding arguments f. Materialism The Philosophy of the Future a. Built on the foundation of Christ ... b. Avoid unstable teaching c. The god of this age blinds  d. True/False and Yes/No e. Use Scriptures  Use argument / reasoning f. Store treasures in heaven a. Eph 220 built on the foundation b. Eph 414-15 be infants tossed back and forth  c. 2 Co 42-4 the god of this age has blinded d. Mt 537 let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No' Ps 255 Guide me in your truth and teach me e. 2 Tim. 316 Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching Titus 212 say "No" to ungodliness and worldly passions 2 Corinthians 105 demolish arguments and every pretension f. Galatians 14 present evil age Mt 619-21 treasures in heaven Luke 1215 life does not consist in abundance of
continues
38
Analysis Matrix Letter I Reason, Truth,
Material Needs and Science  
Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations/ References
Material Needs Takes Precedence Use the pressure of the ordinary to enslave your patient. Teach him to call it real life Lower Priority Not of bread alone Seek first the kingdom Real Life Eternal Life Mt 44 not live on bread alone Mt 633 firstkingdom Jn 173 this is eternal life Matthew 2546 eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life
Meaning of Life Keep pressing home on him the ordinariness of things God uses Ordinary for the extraordinary! Purpose and Meaning of Life God has an eternal plan   Acts 413 ordinary men, they were astonished Ps.13916 ordained written in your book Proverbs 1921 plans in a man's heart LORD's purpose that prevails
  Science       Knowledge Use Chronological Snobbery General / updated information, modern investigations Avoid exact science. Try sociology, economics Fuddle Proven science Be humble       Seek Wisdom and Discernment Ps 191 heavens declare the glory of God Mt 2312 whoever humbles himself will be exalted     Pr 47, Proverbs 146 the mocker seeks wisdom and finds none, but knowledge comes easily to the discerning
39
Characters From The Great Divorce
Letter I
  • An interview with an apostate cleric ... ...
  • "My dear boy, I'm delighted to see you," it was
    saying to the Spirit, who was naked and almost
    blindingly white. "I was talking to your poor
    father the other day and wondering where you
    were." "You didn't bring him?" said the other.
    "Well, no. He lives a long way from the bus, and,
    to be quite frank, he's been getting a little
    eccentric lately. A little difficult. Losing his
    grip. He never was prepared to make any great
    efforts, you know. If you remember, he used to go
    to sleep when you and I got talking seriously!
    Ah, Dick, I shall never forget some of our talks.
    I expect you've changed your views a bit since
    then. You became rather narrow-minded towards the
    end of your life but no doubt you've broadened
    out again." "How do you mean?" "Well, it's
    obvious by now, isn't it, that you weren't quite
    right. Why, my dear boy, you were coming to
    believe in a literal Heaven and Hell!" "But
    wasn't I right?" ----------

40
Questions for Discussion - Letter I   1 How
enslaved are we to chronological snobbery?   How
can we use reasoning to grow spiritually?   3
How enslaved are we to the pressures of the
ordinary?   4 How can argument and reason bring
us close to God? (Gods ways are not our ways, but
should we use our God given intellect?)   5 Is
science (real science) a help or a threat to our
understanding of God?   6 How do these issues
affect my perspective on my spiritual life and
personal vocation plans and goals?   7 How do
these issues affect my DAILY walk with
God?     For Further Reading and Reflection   How
does this chapter shows a light on how I relate
to God and see my vocation? Reading The Weight
of Glory..  
41
Letter I
Think About This! Arguing From Reason (against
naturalism and materialism) 1 - No proposition
is valid if it can be fully explained as a result
of non-rational causes. 2 - If non-rational
causes are the only existing causes, then all
propositions can be fully explained as the result
of non-rational causes. 3 - But if non-rational
causes are the only existing causes, then no
proposition is valid. 4 - If no proposition is
valid, then the proposition that non-rational
causes are the only existing causes is not
valid. 5 - Therefore, if non-rational causes are
the only existing causes, then the proposition of
non- rational forces is not valid. 6 - Any
proposition that entails its own denial must be
rejected. 7 - Therefore, the non-rationality of
causes ought to be rejected and its denial ought
to be accepted. Think of an independent argument
for premise 1. Why exactly do you think it is
true? What reasons could be given to support it?
If you could do that, I think that maybe you
would be getting at the real core disagreement
between yourself and the naturalist/materialist.
42
Letter I
Think About This! - What is Argument "You see
he is trying to argue. Now tell me, someone,
what is argument?" There was a confused
murmur. "Come, come," said the jailor. "You
must know your catechisms by now. You, there"
(and he pointed to a prisoner little older than a
boy whose name was Master Parrot), "what is
argument?" "Argument," said Master Parrot, is
the attempted rationalization of the arguer's
desires." "Very good," replied the jailor, "but
you should turn out your toes and put your hands
behind your back. That is better. Now what is
the proper answer to an argument proving the
existence of the Landlord?" "The proper answer
is, 'You say that because you are a
Steward.'" "Good boy. But hold your head up.
- - - - Now just one more. What is the answer
to an argument turning on the belief that two and
two make four?" "The answer is, 'You say that
because you are a mathematician.'" "You are a
very good boy," said the jailor. The Pilgrims
Regress
43
Letter I
Think About This!
Herman Dooyeweerd - Modal Aspects of Reality
Aspects
Quantitative (to do with quantity, amount)
Spatial (to do with continuous extension, space)
Kinematic (to do with movement flowing movement)
Physical (to do with energy mass)
Biotic (to do with life functions)
Sensitive (to do with sense, feeling, emotion)
Analytical (to do with distinguishing )
Formative (to do with history, culture, technology shaping and creativity)
Lingual (to do with symbolic communication)
Social (to do with social interaction)
Economic (to do with frugal use of resources)
Aesthetic (to do with harmony, surprise, fun)
Juridical (to do with what is due 'retribution', rights and responsibilities)
Ethical (to do with self-giving love)
Pistic (to do with vision, aspiration, commitment, creed, religion)
44
Letter I
Think About This!
Inter-disciplinary Modes and Issues
Impacted by and Impacts
Transcendental / Religious Worldview
Population
Morality / Ethics
Politics
Globalization
Economics, Aesthetic, Juridical, Ethical Justice
Politics
Employment
Food
Prosperity
Sensitive, Analytical, Formative, Lingual,
Social Culture
Population
Life Style
Technologies
Globalization
Biotic Life Environment
Politics
Globalization
Technologies
Life Style
Food
Population
Spatial, Kinematics Motion, and Physical Energy
Food
Population
Technologies
Life Style
Globalization
PF Ribeiro
45
Letter I
Think About This!
TRUTH
Wisdom
Revelation
Meaning
Creation
The Pathways to TRUTH
truth
Metaphysics
Literature
Com. Sense
Science
Religion
Philosophy
Can you think of a better ways to describe this
search?
Imagination
Creation
Reason
46
Science vs. Spiritual Methodology
Think About This! And Discuss?
47
A Rational Approach to Mere Christianity
End of the Story
A Force/Power is a sort of a tame and
convenient God . An inconsistent Power
Yes
Do you believe in the existence of a Moral Law?
What Kind A Force (Power)?
No
End of the Story
No
Yes
No
Are you tricking me with a religious talk?
A God ?
Yes
Is there anything or anyone behind the Moral
Law?
No
No
We are trying to find truth and the meaning of
the universe.
End of the Story
Yes
Are you interested?
Yes
No
End of the Story
48
How can we find out more about the thing behind
the moral law and the meaning of the universe?
The Moral Law ells you to do the straight thing
and it does not seem to care how painful, or
dangerous, or difficult it is to do.
The Moral Law does not give us any grounds for
thinking that God is good in the sense of
being soft and nice.. The Moral Law is as hard as
nails. If God is like the Moral Law, then HE IS
NOT SOFT.
Looking into the The Universe He Made
Looking inside ourselves, where He wrote the
moral laws
He is quite merciless. The universe is a very
dangerous place.
He is a great artist
No
Do you want to proceed? at your own risk?
But you cannot know a man by looking at the
house he built.
End of the Story
End of the Story
Yes
End of the Story
49
Is He an Impersonal Absolute Goodness ?
No
Is He a Personal absolute Goodness ?
If the universe is not governed by an absolute
goodness, then all our efforts are in the long
run hopeless.
Yes
Yes
Absolute Goodness is either the great safety or
the great danger - according to the way you
react to it. God is the only comfort and supreme
terror
No exceptions, or allowances permitted.
Do you want to find out more about God
End of the Story
End of the Story
No
Yes
Christianity tells how the demands of the Moral
Law, which we cannot meet, have been met on our
behalf, how God Himself becomes man to save man
from the disapproval of God.
Have you broken the Moral Law? Do you think you
need Forgiveness?
No
Yes
Beginning of Chapter 1 of the Great Story
... Which goes on forever in which every chapter
is better than the one before.
End of the Story
50
Resistance StrategyVirtue and Stock Responses to
CultivateBlogging Your Experience
Letter I
Resistance Strategy




Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate




Passion for Truth


www.blogging.your.experience.com
51
Letter II Title Appearance, Reality and the
Church Fundamental Principles For Exercising
Discernment Screwtape advises Wormwood to focus
the patients attention upon the actual people in
the church sitting in the pews around him not
upon the Church as we see her spread out through
all time and space and rooted in eternity,
terrible as an army with banners.   When
tempted, no one should say, God is tempting me
(James 113) If you think you are standing
firmNo temptation has seized you except what is
common to manHe will also provide a way out so
you can stand firm under it. I Co 1012-13
You however, are not controlled by a sinful
nature (Ro 85-17) ----------------------- Li
ke a good chess player he (Satan) is always
trying to maneuver you into a position where you
can save your castle only by losing your bishop.
CSL We should never ask of anything Is it
real?, for everything is real. The proper
question is A real what? e.g., a real snake or
a real delirium tremens? CSL   
52
Sham Gothic Liturgy Books Neighbors The body of
Christ" Togas and sandals Hazy
mind Disappointment Anticlimax Nursery
Greek Transition Aspiration Free
lovers Servants, sons Freedom Religion Hypocrisy
Convention Prayer Parrot talk
Vocabulary Key Words Letter II  
Appearance
Reality
We should never ask of anything Is it real?,
for everything is real. The proper question is
A real what? e.g., a real snake or a real
delirium tremens? CSL
53
Analysis Matrix Letter II Appearance, Reality
and the Church  
Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations, References
Habits Mental Bodily Now the habits are still in our favor (sinful nature) See with eyes, not heart Be controlled by the Spirit fruits of the Spirit, in love Consider others better than yourself Work your salvation with fear and trembling Ro 89 are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit Gal 510-26 serve one another in love fruits of the Spirit Ph 23 not vain conceit humility consider others better Ph 212-13 Work out your salvation with fear and trembling
The Church Unfinished buildings Unpleasant people Boring liturgy books Rooted in eternity, spread through space and time, terrible as an army with banners Col 118 He is the head of the body, the church 1 Tim 315 church of the living God Revelation 1919 (army)
Appearance Reality Lean heavily on outward appearances Appearance signing out the future Keep the real question out of sight Keep everything hazy Do not let them come past the initial dryness Reality, the real body of Christ, Inward beauty Deal with realities Gods plan is our victory Col 124 his body, which is the church 1 Peter 33 beauty should not come from outward adornment Colossians 217 shadow of the things reality, however, is found in Christ Ephesians 425 falsehood and speak truthfully OTVeiled Ex 3429-30, II Co 37 NTUnveiled II Co 317-18 I Co 1557 He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ
continues
54
Analysis Matrix Letter II Appearance, Reality
and the Church  
Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations, References
Emotions Fluctuating emotions work hard at disappointment and the anticlimax Real Life disappointments help to get rid of emotions/suffering produces perseverance Sound reasoning see our own faults Gods Word is a mirror Ro 53 also rejoice in our sufferings Ps 13923-24 know my heart 2 Tim. 113 keep as the pattern of sound teaching Heb 121 run with perseverance the race James 122-25 listens to the wordlooks mirror
Humility Avoid humility Making him Think he is humble God teaches real humility A haughty spirit before the fall Mt 2312 whoever humbles himself will be exalted Mt 184 (be humble) Pr.1618
Prayer Today A culture of the now No hard work or effort Only feelings and what you see counts - Teaches self esteem Loose all to gain all A pearl of Great Price Consider all loss Php 38-11consider everything a loss compared Mt 1346 away and sold everything he had Romans 836 For your sake we face death all day long
55
  • Questions for Discussion - Letter II
  •  1. Define the Church Visible and Invisible
    (Building, People, Liturgy - Transcendental Body)
    and what is the impact on our attitude when we
    focus on the behavior of individuals?
  • 2. How do we differentiate between reality and
    appearance? Why daily life issues are such
    fertile ground for temptations?
  • 3. How can one avoid the anticlimax after a
    conversion experience?
  • 4. How can we prepare to overcome the
    disappointments, and the dry spells in our
    Christian Life?
  • 5. Discuss the contrasts of hypocrisy and
    humility.
  • 6. How do we respond to Gods love?
  • 7. Are Christians better than other people in
    any sense?
  • 8. What is the common component of free lovers
    and servants and do you agree that God let us do
    it on our own?
  • How can learn to control our emotions and why
    trained emotions can be a source of joy not a
    step towards hypocrisy?
  • 10. Discuss the importance of habits
    (discipline) mentally and bodily (and its role
    in the sanctification process)
  •  For Further Reading and Reflection
  •  
  • How does this chapter show a light on how I
    relate to God and see my vocation?
  • Reading The Weight of Glory..

56
Letter II
Character From The Pilgrims Regress
Mr. Sensible ... ... "Why, as to that you know,
the great art of life is to moderate our
passions. Objects of affection are like other
belongings. We must love them enough to enrich
our lives while we have them--not enough to
impoverish our lives when they are gone. You see
this puzzle here. While I am engaged on it seems
to me of sovereign importance to fit the pieces
together when it is done I think of it no more
and if I should fail to do it, why I would not
break my heart. Confound that Drudge. Hi!
whoreson, are we to wait all night for our
supper?" "Coming, sir," said Drudge from the
kitchen. "I think the fellow goes to sleep over
his pots and pans, "said Mr. Sensible, "but let
us occupy the time by continuing our
conversation. Good conversation I reckon among
the finer sweets of life. But I Far from
attacking the spiritual life, the cultured world
patronizes it would not include diatribe or
lecturing or persistent discussion under that
head. Your doctrinaire is the bane of all talk."
57
Letter II
Character From The Pilgrims Regress
Mr. Sensible ... ... "You refer, no doubt, to
some aesthetic experience. There again--I would
not urge a young man to shut his eyes to that
sort of thing. Who has not felt immortal
longings at the lengthening of the shadow or the
turning of the leaf? Who has no stretched out his
hands for the ulterior shore ? But our
imaginations, like our appetites, need
discipline not, heaven help us, in the interest
of any transcendental ethic, but in the interests
of your own solid good. That wild impulse must
be tasted, no obeyed. The bees have stings, but
we rob them of their honey. To cut off
pleasures from the consequences and conditions
which they have by nature, detaching, as it were,
the precious phrase from its irrelevant context,
is what distinguishes the man from the brute and
the citizen from the savage. I cannot join with
those moralists who inveigh against the Roman
emetics in their banquets still less with
those who would forbid the even more beneficent
contraceptive devices of our later times. That
man who can eat as taste, no nature, prompts him
and yet fear no aching belly, or who can indulge
in Venus and fear no impertinent bastard, is a
civilized man. In him I recognize Urbanity--the
note of the centre."
58
Letter II
Character From The Pilgrims Regress
Mr. Sensible ... ... "Do you know of any way
across the canyon?" said Vertue abruptly. "I do
not," said the host, "for I have never made
inquiries. The proper study of mankind is man ,
and I have always left useless speculations
alone. Suppose that there were a way across, to
what purpose should I use it? Why should I
scramble down this side and up the other to find
after my labours the same soil still beneath me
and the same heaven above? It would be laughable
to suppose that the country beyond the gorge can
be any different from the country on this side of
it. "There might be different people on the
other side of the canyon," suggested John in the
momentary pause that followed. "That is even
less likely," said Mr. Sensible. "Human nature
is always the same. The dress and the manners
may vary, but I detect the unchanging heart
beneath the shifting disguises. If there are men
beyond the canyon, rest assured that we know them
already. They are born and they die and in the
interval between they are the same lovable
rascals that we know at home." "Still," said
John, "you can't really be certain that there is
no such place as my Island. Reason left it an
open question." "Reason!" exclaimed Mr.
Sensible. "Do you mean the mad woman who goes
riding about the country dressed up in armour? I
trust that when I spoke of the reasonable life
you did not think that I meant anything under her
auspices? There is a strange confusion in our
language here, for the reasonableness which I
commend has no more dangerous enemy than Reason.
Perhaps I should drop the use of the name
altogether, and say that my deity is not reasons
but le von sens ." "What is the difference?"
said Vertue. "Sense is easy, Reason is hard.
Sense knows where to stop with gracious
inconsistency, while Reason slavishly follows and
abstract logic whither she knows not. The one
seeks comfort and finds it, the other seeks truth
and is still seeking. Le bon sens is the father
of a flourishing family Reason is barren and a
virgin. If I had my way I should clap this
Reason of your in the bridewell to pursue her
meditations in the straw. The baggage has a
pretty face, I allow but she leads us from our
true aim--joy, pleasure, ease, content, whate'er
the name! She is a fanatic who has never
learned form my master to pursue the golden mean,
and, being mortal, to think mortal thoughts.
Auream quisquis --" "It is very odd that you
should say that," interrupted Vertue, "for I also
was brought up on Aristotle. But I think my text
must have differed from yours. In mine, the
doctrine of the Mean does not bear the sense you
have given it at all. He specially says that
there is no excess of goodness. You cannot go
too far in the right direction. The line that we
should follow may start from a middle point in
the base of a triangle but the further off the
apex is, the better. In that dimension--" Its
ignorant and dilettante scepticism "Do manus !"
broke out Mr. Sensible. "Spare us the rest,
young man. We are not at a lecture, and I readily
admit that your scholarship is more recent than
mine. Philosophy should be our mistress, not our
master and the pursuit of a pedantic accuracy
amidst the freedom of our social pleasures is as
unwelcome as--" "And the bit about thinking
mortal thoughts," continued Vertue, whose social
experience, as I dreamed, was not extensive, "the
bit about mortal thoughts was quoted by Aristotle
to say that he disagreed with it. He held that
the end of mortal life was to put on immortality
as much as might be. And he also said the most
useless of studies was the noblest." "I see you
are letter-perfect, young man," said Mr.
Sensible, with a rather chilly smile, "and I am
sure these pieces of information, if repeated to
your teachers, would win the applause they
deserve. Here, if you will forgive me, they are
a little out of place. A gentleman's knowledge
of the ancient authors is not that of a pedant
and I think you have misunderstood the place
which philosophy ought to hold in the reasonable
life. We do not memorize systems. What system
can stand? What system does not leave us with
the old refrain--que sais--je ? It is in her
power to remind us of the strangeness of
things--in the brown charm of her secluded
meditations--above all, in her decorative
function--that philosophy becomes instrumental to
the good life. We go to the Porch and the
Academy to be spectators, not partisans.
Drudge!!" "Dinner is served, sir," said Drudge,
appearing at the door. Then I dreamed that they
went into the dining-room and so to table.
59
Letter II
Character From The Pilgrims Regress
Mr. Sensible ... ... "Reason!" exclaimed Mr.
Sensible. "Do you mean the mad woman who goes
riding about the country dressed up in armour? I
trust that when I spoke of the reasonable life
you did not think that I meant anything under her
auspices? There is a strange confusion in our
language here, for the reasonableness which I
commend has no more dangerous enemy than Reason.
Perhaps I should drop the use of the name
altogether, and say that my deity is not reasons
but le von sens ." "What is the difference?"
said Vertue. "Sense is easy, Reason is hard.
Sense knows where to stop with gracious
inconsistency, while Reason slavishly follows and
abstract logic whither she knows not. The one
seeks comfort and finds it, the other seeks truth
and is still seeking. Le bon sens is the father
of a flourishing family Reason is barren and a
virgin. If I had my way I should clap this
Reason of your in the bridewell to pursue her
meditations in the straw. The baggage has a
pretty face, I allow but she leads us from our
true aim--joy, pleasure, ease, content, whate'er
the name! She is a fanatic who has never
learned form my master to pursue the golden mean,
and, being mortal, to think mortal thoughts.
Auream quisquis --"
60
Letter II
Character From The Pilgrims Regress
Mr. Sensible ... ... "It is very odd that you
should say that," interrupted Vertue, "for I also
was brought up on Aristotle. But I think my text
must have differed from yours. In mine, the
doctrine of the Mean does not bear the sense you
have given it at all. He specially says that
there is no excess of goodness. You cannot go
too far in the right direction. The line that we
should follow may start from a middle point in
the base of a triangle but the further off the
apex is, the better. In that dimension--" Its
ignorant and dilettante skepticism "Do manus !"
broke out Mr. Sensible. "Spare us the rest,
young man. We are not at a lecture, and I readily
admit that your scholarship is more recent than
mine. Philosophy should be our mistress, not our
master and the pursuit of a pedantic accuracy
amidst the freedom of our social pleasures is as
unwelcome as--" "And the bit about thinking
mortal thoughts," continued Vertue, whose social
experience, as I dreamed, was not extensive, "the
bit about mortal thoughts was quoted by Aristotle
to say that he disagreed with it. He held that
the end of mortal life was to put on immortality
as much as might be. And he also said the most
useless of studies was the noblest." "I see you
are letter-perfect, young man," said Mr.
Sensible, with a rather chilly smile, "and I am
sure these pieces of information, if repeated to
your teachers, would win the applause they
deserve. Here, if you will forgive me, they are
a little out of place. A gentleman's knowledge
of the ancient authors is not that of a pedant
and I think you have misunderstood the place
which philosophy ought to hold in the reasonable
life. We do not memorize systems. What system
can stand? What system does not leave us with
the old refrain--que sais--je ? It is in her
power to remind us of the strangeness of
things--in the brown charm of her secluded
meditations--above all, in her decorative
function--that philosophy becomes instrumental to
the good life. We go to the Porch and the
Academy to be spectators, not partisans.
Drudge!!" "Dinner is served, sir," said Drudge,
appearing at the door. Then I dreamed that they
went into the dining-room and so to table.
61
Resistance StrategyVirtue and Stock Responses to
CultivateBlogging Your Experience
Letter II
Resistance Strategy




Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate




Passion for Truth


62
Letter III Title Relationships, Prayer, Faith
and Action Principles for Consistency in Prayer
Life In this chapter Lewis focuses on prayer
and domestic living. In prayer, Lewis here
develops the distinction between spiritual
prayer and effective. He describes how prayer
can be rendered innocuous to the point of keep
on rubbing the wounds of the day a little sorer
even while he is on his knees. On domestic
living we see the development of evil habits such
as mutual annoyance, neglect of the obvious, and
double standards, and Lewis shows how a person
can turned at a moment's notice from impassioned
prayer for a wife's or son's "soul" to beating or
insulting the real wife or son without a qualm
and beating or insulting a person without
qualm.      
63
Vocabulary Key Words Letter III  
64
Analysis Matrix Letter III Relationships,
Prayer, Faith and Action  
Area of Life Devils Advice Gods Way Observations, References
Changes of conduct Get in first Keep in touch with other family charges Gradually from the centre to a new standard
Prayer a. Keep the patient from the intention of prayer altogether b. Render it innocuous (easy and entertaining) Let him pray -Parrot like prayers, in devotional mood (no will or intelligence) thinking feeling is important position makes no difference -Pray spiritually with self examination avoiding the obvious c. When praying for people -Create an imaginary person -let it never flow in treatment for the real one d. result prayer to insult rubbing the wounds little sorer a. Pray at all times, in the Spirit b. Pray at all times, in all situations, all kind
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