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The Renaissance

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Title: The Renaissance Author: Harrisonburg High School Last modified by: lahh lahh Created Date: 1/28/2011 1:14:54 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance


1
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2
What was the Renaissance?
  • What was the Renaissance, and where did it begin?
  • Italy
  • Italian Cities
  • Urban Societies
  • Major Trading Centers
  • Secular
  • Moved away from life in the church
  • Focuses more on material objects and enjoying life

3
The Renaissance was a time of renewal Renaissance
means rebirth and Europe was recovering from the
Dark ages and the plague. People had lost their
faith in the church and began to put more focus
on human beings.
4
Major Italian Cities
Italy failed to become united during the
Ages. Many independent city-states emerged in
northern and central Italy that played an
important role in Italian politics and art.
Milan One of the richest cities, it controls
trade through the Alps.
Venice
Milan
Venice Sitting on the Adriatic, it attracts trade
from all over the world.
Genoa
Florence
Florence Controlled by the De Medici Family, who
became great patrons of the arts.
Adriatic Sea
Genoa Had Access to Trade Routes
Tyrrhenian Sea
All of these cities Had access to trade routes
connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets
Served as trading centers for the distribution of
goods to northern Europe Were initially
independent city-states governed as republics
5
City-States
  • Trade because of the Crusades led to the growth
    of large city-states in northern Italy
  • It was ideal breeding ground for an intellectual
    revolution
  • Merchants began to pursue other interests, such
    as art

6
Merchants
  • Wealthy merchants dominated politics and society
    as well as business
  • Merchants did not inherit social rank
  • Success in business depended mostly on merchants
    own wits
  • They believed the power and wealth because of
    their individual merit
  • Individual achievement became important during
    Renaissance

7
Medici
  • Powerful bank family
  • Bank had branch offices throughout Italy and in
    major cities of Europe
  • Cosimo de Medici
  • Wealthiest man of his time
  • He was control of the government of Florence
  • Made sure however that all 8 members of the city
    council were loyal to him
  • 30 years dictator of Florence
  • He beautified the city

8
Return to the learning of the Greeks and Romans
  • The artists and scholars of Italy drew
    inspiration from the ruins of Rome that
    surrounded them.
  • Western scholars studied ancient Latin
    manuscripts that had been preserved in
    monasteries
  • Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome
    with Greek manuscripts when the Turks conquered
    Constantinople in 1453

9
Characteristics that set the Renaissance apart
from the Middle Ages
  1. Celebration of the Individual
  2. Love of Classical learning
  3. Enjoyment of worldly pleasures

10
Renaissance Man
  • A man who excelled in many fields was praised as
    a universal man
  • EX Balassare Castiglione
  • Wrote the book The Courtier
  • Told young people how to become an accomplished
    person
  • Should be charming, witty, and well educated in
    the classics
  • He should dance, sing, play music, and write
    poetry
  • Skilled rider, wrestler, and swordsman

11
Renaissance Woman
  • Should know the classics and be charming
  • Inspire art
  • Better educated
  • Little influence in politics
  • Isabella dEste
  • Had power
  • Brought many artists to her court and built a
    famous art collection
  • Skilled in politics

12
Political Ideas of the Renaissance
Niccolò Machiavelli The Prince Machiavelli
believed One can make this generalization about
men they are ungrateful, fickle, liars, and
deceivers, they shun danger and are greedy for
profit Machiavelli observed city-state rulers of
his day and produced guidelines for the
acquisition and maintenance of power by absolute
rule. He felt that a ruler should be willing to
do anything to maintain control without worrying
about conscience.
13
  • Better for a ruler to be feared than to be loved
  • Ruler should be quick and decisive in decision
    making
  • Ruler keeps power by any means necessary
  • The end justifies the means
  • Be good when possible, and evil when necessary

14
PetrarchSonnets, humanistscholarship
Francesco Petrarch 1304-1374 Father of
Renaissance humanism Assembled Greek and Roman
writings. Wrote Sonnets to Laura, love poems in
the Vernacular
15
How did classical knowledge of the ancient Greeks
and Romans foster humanism in the Italian
Renaissance?
Humanism Celebrated the individual Stimulated
the study of Greek and Roman literature and
culture Was supported by wealthy patrons
16
Boccaccio
  • Is best known for the Decameron,
  • Series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories
  • The stories are supposedly told by a group of
    worldly young people waiting in a rural villa to
    avoid the plague sweeping through Florence.

17
Vittoria Colonna
  • Exchanged sonnets with Michelangelo
  • Helped publish The Courtier

18
The Renaissance produced new ideas that were
reflected in the arts, philosophy, and
literature. Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded
trade, sponsored works which glorified
city-states in northern Italy. Education became
increasingly secular.
Medieval art and literature focused on the Church
and salvation
Renaissance art and literature focused on
individuals and worldly matters, along with
Christianity.
19
Renaissance Artists embraced some of the ideals
of Greece and Rome in their art They wanted their
subjects to be realistic and focused on humanity
and emotion New Techniques also emerged Frescos
Painting done on wet plaster became popular
because it gave depth to the paintings Sculpture
emphasized realism and the human
form Architecture reached new heights of design
20
Born in 1475 in a small town near Florence, is
considered to be one of the most inspired men who
ever lived
21
David
Michelangelo created his masterpiece David in
1504.
22
Sistine Chapel
About a year after creating David, Pope Julius II
summoned Michelangelo to Rome to work on his most
famous project, the ceiling of the Sistine
Chapel.
23
Creation of Adam
Creation of Eve
The Last Judgment
Separation of Light and Darkness
24
La Pieta 1499Marble Sculpture
25
Moses
26
1452-1519 Painter, Sculptor, Architect, Engineer
Genius!
27
Mona Lisa
28
The Last Supper
29
Notebooks
30
Donatello
  • Made sculpture more realistic by carving natural
    postures and expressions that reveal personality.
  • David was the first European scultpure of a
    large, free standing nude since ancient times.

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RaphaelPainter1483-1520
35
The School of Athens
36
Pythagoras
Plato and Aristotle
Socrates
37
Raphael (back)?
Euclid
Zoroaster Ptolemy
38
Sofonisba Anguissola
39
Artesmisia Gentileschi
40
Jan Van Eyck
Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife
(1434) Northern Renaissance
41
Van Eyck Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his
Wife (detail)
42
How did classical knowledge of the ancient Greeks
and Romans foster humanism in the Italian
Renaissance?
Humanism Celebrated the individual Stimulated
the study of Greek and Roman literature and
culture Was supported by wealthy patrons
43
PetrarchSonnets, humanistscholarship
Francesco Petrarch 1304-1374 Assembled Greek and
Roman writings. Wrote Sonnets to Laura, love
poems in the Vernacular
44
Northern Renaissance Growing wealth in Northern
Europe supported Renaissance ideas. Northern
Renaissance thinkers merged humanist ideas with
Christianity. The movable type printing press
and the production and sale of books (Gutenberg
Bible) helped disseminate ideas.
Northern Renaissance writers ErasmusThe Praise
of Folly (1511) Sir Thomas MoreUtopia
(1516) Northern Renaissance artists portrayed
religious and secular subjects.
45
Literature flourished during the Renaissance This
can be greatly attributed to Johannes
Gutenberg In 1455 Gutenberg printed the first
book produced by using moveable type. The Bible
46
Erasmus
Dutch humanist Desiderius Erasmus Pushed for a
Vernacular form of the Bible I disagree very
much with those who are unwilling that Holy
Scripture, translated into the vernacular, be
read by the uneducated . . . As if the strength
of the Christian religion consisted in the
ignorance of it The Praise of Folly Used humor
to show the immoral and ignorant behavior of
people, including the clergy. He felt people
would be open minded and be kind to others.
47
Sir Thomas More
English Humanist Wrote Utopia A book about a
perfect society Believed men and women live in
harmony. No private property, no one is lazy,
all people are educated and the justice system is
used to end crime instead of executing
criminals.
48
Bibliography
Images from Corbis.com Web Gallary of
Art www.wga.hu
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