The Roman Conquest of Greece - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Roman Conquest of Greece PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 71a871-MTdjN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Roman Conquest of Greece

Description:

The Roman Conquest of Greece – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:78
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 53
Provided by: Stan4158
Learn more at: http://www.mrbayne.com
Category:
Tags: conquest | greece | greek | hera | roman

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Roman Conquest of Greece


1
The Roman Conquest of Greece
2
Rome
  • From Republic to Empire

3
Geography
Location of Rome
  • Italian Peninsula (Italy today)

4
  • The Alps and Mediterranean Sea protected Rome
    from invasion

5
  • Rome prospered due to trade on the Mediterranean
    Sea

6
Roman Gods
Based on Greek Gods
  • Jupiter (Zeus) Chief god
  • Juno (Hera) Goddess of marriage wife of Zeus
  • Apollo God of light, the sun and music
  • Diana (Artemis) Goddess of hunting and wild
    things
  • Venus (Aphrodite) Goddess of love
  • Minerva (Athena) Goddess of wisdom and war

7
Roman Religion
8
Roman Republic
  • Republic rule by the people (reby,
    publicpeople)
  • Representative democracy legislators
    (representatives) are elected by the citizens to
    represent their interests

9
Roman Citizens
  • Paid taxes
  • Men had the right to vote
  • Men had to serve in the military

10
Patricians
  • Land-owners of noble Latin birth


Patricia is a rich snob
11
Plebeians
  • Majority of Romans-common people
  • Artisans, shopkeepers, and small farmers


12
Slaves
  • The property of their owners
  • Were taken by conquest
  • Had no freedom or rights


13
The Assemblies
  • Patricians and plebeians met in the assemblies to
    vote for tribunes, magistrates (judges), and
    consuls.
  • The assemblies were more democratic but less
    powerful than the senate.

14
The Senate
  • The most powerful lawmaking body in Rome.
  • 300 members were chosen (for life) from the
    Patrician class
  • Later plebeians were allowed to join

15
Tribunes
  • Were elected by the plebeians to protect the
    rights of ordinary people.

16
Consuls
  • Two officials elected to command the army and
    direct the government
  • Served for a one-year term.
  • One consul could always veto (overrule) the
    others decisions.

17
(No Transcript)
18
Dictator
One whose word was law
  • In a times of crisis, a dictator would be given
    absolute power to command the army and make laws
  • A dictators power lasted for only six months

19
Twelve Tables
Laws carved on tablets and hung in the forum
  • The laws of Rome.
  • Established ideas seen in modern laws such as the
    principle of innocent until proven guilty.

20
Punic Wars
264 to 146 BC
  • 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage

21
  • Carthage was a Trading empire located in North
    Africa (present-day Tunisia) that competed with
    Rome for control of trade on the Mediterranean Sea

22
  • Hannibal was the general of Carthage

23
Second Punic War
  • His army crossed the Alps and invaded the Italian
    Peninsula

24
  • Hannibal was defeated when Rome attacked Carthage
  • Rome destroyed Carthage
  • Increased trade brought great wealth to Rome

25
Growth of Rome
  • Following the Punic wars, Rome grew rapidly,
    taking control of the Mediterranean basin
    (including Greece and the Hellenistic world of
    the Eastern Mediterranean, North Africa, and
    Spain).


26
Punic Wars
27
Spread of Slavery
  • Romans made slaves of captured peoples during the
    wars and conquests which followed
  • By 100 BC slaves made up one-third of Romes
    population

Roman Slave Collar
28
Expansion and Wealth Creates Problems
  • The spread of slavery caused small farmers
    (former soldiers) to lose their land.
  • The influx of wealth caused prices to rise
    (inflation)

29
Unemployment
Loss of jobs
  • Landless former farmer-soldiers flocked into the
    into cities looking for jobs and joined the ranks
    of the restless urban poor (25 of the
    population)
  • The gap between the rich and the poor widened.

30
Decline of the Republic
  • The end of democracy in Rome
  • Civil wars erupted due to class conflicts and
    rivalries between politician-generals
  • Another civil war erupted over the power of
    Julius Caesar


31
Roman Republic Grows
32
The First Triumvirate
  • Three rulers who joined forces to take power from
    the senate and dominate Rome.


Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey
33
Julius Caesar
  • He conquered Gaul (France today)
  • He had the support of the masses and the army

34
  • Caesar went to war with Pompey and won
  • He returned to Rome with his army and forced the
    senate to make him dictator for life.

35
Julius Caesar Emerges as Dictator
36
Julius Caesar is Assassinated
  • A group of senators stabbed Julius Caesar to
    death in the senate chamber

37
More Civil Wars
  • After Julius Caesars death civil war erupted
  • Octavian (Augustus) joined forces with Mark
    Anthony and Lepidus and together they took
    control of Rome for ten years.

38
Octavian vs. Marc Anthony
  • Civil war erupted again between Octavian and Mark
    Anthony
  • Octavian won.

Octavian (Augustus)
Anthony and Cleopatra
39
Julius Caesar is AssassinatedOctavian Caesar
Becomes Emperor
40
Augustus Caesar
  • Octavian assumed absolute power and accepted the
    title Augustus
  • Rome became an empire ruled by an emperor (no
    longer a republic or democracy).

41
The Pax Romana
  • 200 years of peace and prosperity established by
    the rule of Augustus (pax peace, Romana
    Roman)
  • The Roman Empire continued to expand and solidify

42
Roman Empire
  • By the end of the second century, the Roman
    Empire stretched from Spain to Mesopotamia, and
    from North Africa to Great Britain.

43
Economic Impact
  • Augustus established a uniform system of money
    helping to expand trade.
  • It was safe to travel and trade on Roman roads.

44
Social Impact
  • Augustus returned stability to the social classes
  • Increased emphasis on the family

45
Political Impact
  • Augustus created a civil service He paid workers
    to manage the affairs of government (postal
    system, tax collection, etc.)
  • He developed a uniform rule of law

46
Problems With Succession
  • Succession selection of the next emperor
  • Because Rome had no written law for choosing a
    new emperor, crisis or civil war could occur when
    an emperor died.


47
Octavian - Augustus
48
Review
49
(No Transcript)
50
(No Transcript)
51

52
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com