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Thomas Jefferson

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Thomas Jefferson & Louisiana Purchase Essential Question: What were the benefits and consequences of President Jefferson s decision to buy New Orleans and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Thomas Jefferson


1
Thomas Jefferson Louisiana Purchase
  • Essential Question What were the benefits and
    consequences of President Jeffersons decision to
    buy New Orleans and the resulting Louisiana
    Purchase?

2
In 1800, France and Spain were negotiating for
ownership of Louisiana territory, a vast region
between the Mississippi River and the Rocky
Mountains.
3
Louisiana Purchase background
  • France England at war Napoleon needs
  • Port of New Orleans closed to Americans
  • Jefferson realizes importance of New Orleans to
    America
  • Jefferson sends Robert Livingston James Monroe
    to buy territory from Napoleon
  • U.S. buys about for 15 million from Napoleon

4
Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte of France, who had
gained control of the Port of New Orleans and the
Louisiana territory, and who was desperate for
money, sold the entire Louisiana territory
(828,000 square miles) to the United States for
15 million- about three cents per acre.
5
Louisiana Purchase doubles size of United States
6
Louisiana Purchase
  • Positive
  • Doubles area of United States
  • New Orleans port city now open to United States
  • Mississippi river connects interior to Gulf
    Mexico
  • Negatives
  • Land not really Frances to sell
  • Leads to years of Native American wars
  • Issue of slavery
  • Issue of REPRESENTATION (3/5 compromise)
  • ? North v South tension

7
Meriwether Lewis William Clark
8
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9
Jefferson chose Captain Meriwether Lewis to lead
an exploration into the Louisiana territory.
Lewis in turn recruited his friend Lieutenant
William Clark to oversee a volunteer force called
the Corps of Discovery.
10
The Corps of Discovery came to be known as the
Lewis and Clark expedition.
11
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12
The goal of the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
establish good relations with the Native
Americans and try to find a northwest passage
across the United States.
13
In 1805 Lewis and Clark were joined by the
17-year-old Shoshone wife of a French trapper
named Sacajawea who proved an invaluable
ambassador to other Native American tribes.
14
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15
Lewis and Clark expedition crossed the U.S.
from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean and
brought back a wealth of scientific and
geographic information. The expedition also
revealed that a northwest water passage did not
exist.
16
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19
Impact of Western exploration from 1804-1807
  • Accurate maps
  • Growth of the fur trade
  • Mistaken view of the Great Plains

20
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21
  • Map of Lewis and Clark's Track, Across the
    Western Portion of North America, published 1814

22
James Madison The War of 1812
  • Essential QUESTION How did President Madisons
    actions, related to protecting American ships and
    settlers, affect the United States during this
    period of American History?

23
James Madison War of 1812 some background
  • War of 1812
  • US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was
    seized.
  • Impressment English navy taking U.S. sailors and
    making them fight for them on their ships
  • England at war with Napoleon
  • England also backing Indians in North America
  • James Madison
  • Father of Constitution
  • Author of Federalist Papers
  • But helps Jefferson start Democratic Republican
    Party
  • Sec. of State to Jefferson

24
What was Madisons role leading up to The War of
1812?
  • Non-Intercourse Act
  • Forbade trade with France and Britain however
    President could reopen trade when either France
    or Britain lifted restrictions
  • War Hawks
  • Southern congressmen favored war, even though it
    hurt the east

25
What are some major events leading to The War of
1812?
  • Economic Diplomacy Fails
  • Embargo Act of 1807 halted all trade with Europe
  • Embargo is a government ban on trade with other
    countries
  • Embargo was unpopular in port cities, especially
    in the North

26
What were some of the benefits of going to war
with Britain?
  • To allow reopening of trade
  • National Pride
  • To stop the impressment of sailors
  • CANADA!!!

27
What were some drawbacks to going to war?
  • Not everyone in the US wanted to go to war
  • Military was small
  • Standing Army was small
  • Militia comprised most of our forces, and they
    did not like to fight outside of their state
    borders
  • Navy was quite small only 22 ships
  • Britain was a great Superpower and could crush us
    like a bug and we could lose territory that was
    gained in the Treaty of Paris or the Louisiana
    Purchase

28
Declaration of War
  • June of 1812 Madison asked Congress for
    declaration of war
  • Vote was split along regional lines
  • War started with Invasion of Canada

29
Key Battles
  • US Burns York (now Toronto)
  • US figured the Canadians would welcome the
    Americans and quickly join the US to expel
    Britain from North Americathis did not happen
  • Perry Defeated the British on Lake Erie
  • This gave the US control of Lake Erie
  • Britain Blockades the Eastern Seaboard
  • This prevented shipping from leaving, and made
    the war more unpopular in the Northeast

30
The Roof is on Fire
  • In August 1814, British Forces Sailed into
    Chesapeake Bay and capture Washington D.C.
  • They burn the White House and the Capitol
  • Madison and Congress Barely escape

31
Oh Say Can You See
  • Unlike D.C., Baltimore was Ready for the British
  • The City militia inflicted heavy casualties on
    the British
  • After bombarding Fort McHenry on September 13,
    1814 The British abandon the attack
  • Francis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment and
    penned a poem which becomes the National Anthem.

32
Treaty of Ghent
  • Treaty was Negotiated in Europe and was signed on
    Dec. 24, 1814 ending the war of 1812
  • The War ended in a stalemate, where no party
    gained or lost any territory.
  • The issue of impressment was not addressed, but
    faded on its own.

33
Battle of New Orleans
  • Fought after the treaty was signed (but not
    ratified)
  • Why was New Orleans important?
  • Pirates and Frontiersman fought alongside US
    troops
  • Made Andrew Jackson a National hero and household
    name
  • Ensured treaty ratification

34
If The War of 1812 ended in a tie, why was it
important?
  • Gave the United States a National Identity
    (Rise of Nationalism)
  • America gains respect of other nations
  • Creates a hero in Andrew Jackson and the Western
    Frontiersmen
  • Inspires more westward movement
  • Republican Party gains footing and starts pushing
    their agenda
  • Federalists opposed the war that actually ended
    up benefiting America and increasing nationalism
  • Looks good for Republicans
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