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Instructional Scaffolding Workshop Proficient Secondary Workshop 10 28/5 / 2013

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Title: Primary Science Proficiency Workshop Week 1 Author: User Last modified by: Windows User Created Date: 9/14/2011 5:02:19 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Instructional Scaffolding Workshop Proficient Secondary Workshop 10 28/5 / 2013


1
Instructional Scaffolding Workshop Proficient
Secondary Workshop 10 28/5 / 2013
???? ???????? ?????????
2
Starter Activity-What is scaffolding?
?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????????
????????? ?? ????? ?????? What do you know about
Instructional Scaffolding?
3
AGENDA Scaffolding In Science
1005 - 10 15 am Starter Activity
10 15 - 1100 am What is Scaffolding?
1100 1245 am Scaffolding Strategies and Tools in Science Investigation and Eliciting Scaffolds
1245 - 100 pm Prayer Break
100- 115 pm Teachers presentations
115- 1 30 pm Feed back
4
Activity(2)
  • Watch the video
  • ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????
    ??????? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???????
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vHeUUJ7SrMVg

5
  • ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????
    (??????) ???? ????? ?????? . ???? ?????? ??
    ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ??
    ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???????
    ???? ??????? ?????.
  • ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????
    ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????
    ???????? ?????? ???? ????
  • ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????.

6
?? ??????? ?????????
  • ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????
    ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???????-
    ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????
    ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ???
    ????? ?????. ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????
    ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????
    ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????. ?????
    ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????
    ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???????
    ????????? ?????? ?? ????.

7
??????? ?????????- Instructional scaffolding
  • ?? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????
    ????? ???? ???? ???.
  • ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????
    ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ????
    (???? ?????????)

8
????? ????? ?????? ????????
  • Raises Student Achievement????? ??????? ??????-
  • Provides Structure and Support???? ???? ????
    ??????-
  • Removes Surprises???? ????????-
  • Keeps Students on Task ???? ?????? ???????-
  • Reduce Gaps ???? ?? ???????-
  • Differentiation- ?????? ?????? ???????
  • Increases Success-Extends ???? ???? ?????? ???? -

9
The History of scaffolding Let Vygotsky
(1896-1934)
  • ????? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ???????(ZPD)
    ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??
    ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??
    ????????. ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????
    ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????. ?????
    ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??
    ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????
    ????? ?? ??? ??? ????.

Let Vygotsky
10
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
????
??? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????
??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????
???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????
???????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????
Zone of Proximal Development ????? ??????? ???????
?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????
11
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
What student CANT do
Potential development level ( what students can
do with help)
Zone of Proximal Development ????? ??????? ???????
Actual students level ( what students can do)
12
???? ????? ??? ????? (5-10) ?????
  • ????? ??? ???? A3 ??? ????- ?????
  • ???? ????
  • ???? ????? ?? ?????(????? ??????- ??????)
  • ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ZPD
  • ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????
    ?? ?? ????? ????.
  • ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ?????????????
    ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????
    ?????? ??????

13
?? ?? ????????????? ???????? ???? ???? ??
???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????????
14
Graphic Organizers?????? ???????
  • According to Dr. Max Thompson, The average
    student studying with the aide of organizers
    learns as much as the 90th percentile student
    studying the same content without the assistance
    of organizers.
  • ???? ???? ??????? "?????? ??????? ???? ??????
    ????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???? ???????? ????
    90

?????? ??????? http//www.eduplace.com/graphicorga
nizer/ http//my.hrw.com/nsmedia/intgos/html/igo.h
tm
15
Graphic Organizers
  • Used for thinking, writing, discussion, and
    reporting/presentation tools.
  • ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ? ??????
    ???????? / ????? ?????
  • Example ????? -
  • Concept Map
  • Venn Diagram
  • Webs
  • Compare and Contrast
  • Planning
  • Vocabulary
  • Note-Taking
  • Guided Reading

16
1-Use Visual Aides
  • Graphic organizers, pictures, video, games and
    charts can all serve as scaffolding tools.
    Graphic organizers are very specific in that they
    help students visually represent their ideas,
    organize information, and grasp concepts such as
    sequencing and cause and effect.
  • A graphic organizer shouldnt be The Product, but
    rather its a scaffolding tool that helps guide
    and shape the students thinking so that they can
    apply it.

17
Word Web
Click Here
18
2-Rubrics??? ??????? ??????-
  • Scoring Tools
  • Lists the criteria for a piece of work, or "what
    counts"
  • Articulates gradations of quality for each
    criterion, from excellent to poor.
  • ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??
    ?????? ?? "?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???
    ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????
  • Instructional Rubrics ???? ??? ??????? Why ?
  • Guide Instruction ???? ?????????
  • Clear Expectations???????? ?????
  • Objective Form of Assessment ????? ???? ??????
    Eliminates Surprises ???? ????????
  • give students the opportunity to do
    self-assessment ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????

19
???? ???? ??????? ??????-Rubrics
20
3-Pause, Ask Questions, Pause, Review
  • This is a wonderful way to check for
    understanding. ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????
  • 1) a new idea from discussion or the reading is
    shared,??? ????? ????????
  • 2) pause (providing think time), ???? ???
    ???????
  • 3) ask a strategic question, ??? ???? ?????????
  • 4)pausing again. ?????? ??? ????

21
???? - ????? ??? ???????????? ??? -3
  • ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????????
  • 1- ?? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????
    ??????
  • 2- ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ???????
  • 3- ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????
    ????????

22
4-Pre-Teach Vocabulary
  • Pre-teaching vocabulary doesnt mean pulling a
    dozen words from the chapter and having kids look
    up definitions and write them out. Instead,
    introduce the words to students in photos, and in
    context to things they know and are interested
    in. create a symbol or drawing for each word and
    give time for discussion of the words (small and
    whole groups).
  • ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???- ??
    ????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???
    ??? ??????- ?? ???? .

23
5-Tap into Prior Knowledge
  • ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????
    ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????
    ???? ?????

24
6-Modelling desired behaviors
  • Modeling for students is a cornerstone
    scaffolding.

25
Show and Tell
7-Modelling desired behaviors
  • ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????
    ???? ????? ??? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ???? ?????
    ?? ??? ????? ???? ? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????
    ????????? ? ???????? ????

26
8-Give Time to Talk
27
Give Time to Talk
28
9-Teaching with the Web
  • Inputs ) references, experts, news sources,
    images)
  • Skills required (vocabulary, finding
    informantion, interview, taking notes, capturing
    files and images, data)
  • Transformations
  • Skills required(compare, contrast, brainstorming,
    problem solving, teamwork, viewpoint,
    organization)
  • Outputs
  • Types (Oral, written, web, graphical organizer,
    artistic )


29
10-Examples of Scaffolding Web Quests
A WebQuest is an inquiry-oriented lesson format
in which most or all .the information that
learners work with comes from the web
  • Process Clearly Outlined???? ?????? ????? ??????
  • Motivating ???? ??????
  • Authentic ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????
  • Assessment ???? ??? ??????
  • Provides Directions and Examples ???? ?????????
    ????????

30
11-Technology Integration
  • Connecting Technology to the Content
  • ??? ??????????? ????????
  • Technology Integration-http//oktechmasters.org/te
    rris/technology_integration.htm
  • Technology PowerPoint Games
  • Create a Game PowerPoint
  • 10.000 Pyramid
  • Who Wants to Be a Millionaire
  • Jeopardy

31
  • Planning and reporting sheets assist students who
    are at different levels of understanding the
    scientific investigation process.
  • ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????
    ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????
    ??????
  • 3 planning sheet examples Each planning sheet is
    structured around statements and questions that
    scaffold the student with skills for planning an
    investigation.
  • ???? ????? 3 ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??
    ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???
    ????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????
    ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????
    ???? ???? ????? ??????.
  • ??? ???? ?????? ?????? -??????? ???????- ????
    ???- ??? ????? ????- ???- ????? ????????? ????
    ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????
    ???????? ?????

32
Questions in scientific inquiry
  • A scientific inquiry generally begins with a
    question.
  • Most students (of any age) need additional
    support to write a suitable/ researchable
    question for an investigation.
  • ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????. ???? ?????? (?? ??
    ???) ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????
    ?????.

33
Variables table in scientific inquiry
  • Variables tables are useful tools for helping
    students to plan controlled experiments and
    develop an understanding of the 3 types of
    variables to consider when planning

34
Equipment in scientific inquiry
  • It mustnt be assumed that all students know how
    to use the required equipment or tools to
    conduct an experiment or investigation.
  • In every group there will be varying levels of
    experience in using equipment ie. operating a
    camera, microscope etc
  • Small scaffolding teacher episodes such as
    demonstrations or peer to peer instruction can
    ensure that all students are competent at using
    equipment safely, accurately and appropriately.
  • You can then check student understanding/
    operation by asking for demonstration any finer
    teaching points can be provided and refined at
    this stage.
  • ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???????
    ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????. ?? ??
    ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??
    ??????? ?? ?????. ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????
    ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ??
    ???? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????
    ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????
    ????? ?????. ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????
    ??? ??????? .

35
Closure Activity- 25 min.
  • ???? ????
  • ????? ????????? ??? ???????? (??????-
    ??????-?????)
  • ?? ??????? ????? ?? ?????
  • ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ???????
    ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????
  • ??? ??????? 25 ?????
  • ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? ????
    ???????

36
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vb5wOLT3q5GM
37
Resources
  • http//fcit.usf.edu/mathvids/strategies/si.html
  • http//www.edutopia.org/blog/scaffolding-lessons-s
    ix-strategies-rebecca-alber

38
Teachers Presentation Time
39
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