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The Roman civilization From Republic to Empire

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The Roman civilization From Republic to Empire Mr. Dawson 2012 ... The Western Roman empire eventually falls to Germanic tribes (like the Goths) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Roman civilization From Republic to Empire


1
The Roman civilization From Republic to Empire
  • Mr. Dawson
  • 2012

2
Roman Republic 509 BC 27 BC
  • Roman territory on the eve of Julius Caesar's
    assassination 44 BC

3
Roman Empire 27 BC AD 476
  • Luke 21 And it came to pass in those days, that
    there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus,
    that all the world should be registered.
  • Caesar Augustus 27 BC 14 AD was
    the first of 170 Emperors!
  • The last Emperor was 14 year old Romulus
    Agustulus 475 AD 476 AD

4
Christianity Question The Romans were a
religious people, in fact they had many gods.
What reasons can you think of as to why they
initially despised the Christians?
5
The bad emperors
  • Caligula 37 AD 41 AD made his favorite horse
    a consul and declared himself a god
    (assassinated)
  • Nero 54 AD 68 AD Had wife and mother
    murdered, reacted poorly to the great fire in 68
    AD (committed suicide after being declared an
    enemy of the state by the Senate)
  • Commodus 177 AD 192 AD Lazy, encouraged
    gladiator battles (assassinated)

6
The good emperors 96-180
  • Nerva 96 AD 98 AD (natural causes)
  • Trajan 98 AD 117 AD (natural causes)
  • Hadrian 117AD - 138 AD (natural causes)
  • Antoninus Pius 138 AD 161 AD (natural causes)
  • Marcus Aurelius 161 AD 180 AD (natural causes)

7
Why are they considered good?
  • The five good emperors were known for their
    moderate policies. By contrast their successors
    were more ruthless and oppressive. This period
    was particularly notable for its peaceful method
    of succession. Each emperor chose his successor
    by adopting an heir. This prevented the civil
    wars that occurred when other emperors did not
    chose a successor in advance. This time period
    came to be known as

8
Pax Romana (Roman peace)
  • Great estates grew
  • Trade flourished
  • Provinces were well governed
  • Peasants prospered
  • The Empire reached its
    greatest extent, or height

9
The Empire at its height 96 AD -180 AD
10
Diocletian divides the empire in 285 AD into four
smaller (and more manageable) parts, however he
still had absolute control over the whole empire
11
Constantine the great
  • Best known for being the first Christian Roman
    emperor. Constantine reversed the persecutions
    and encouraged religious tolerance of Christians
    throughout the empire.
  • He also is known for moving his capital to the
    city known at the time as Byzantium. Later, the
    city would be named Constantinople in his honor.
    The city is known today as Istanbul, Turkey.

12
Constantine did away with the four parts, leaving
an empire permanently divided into two parts
(East and West)
13
The Western Roman empire eventually falls to
Germanic tribes (like the Goths) in 476 AD
14
How have the Romans contributed to cultures of
today? Any ideas?
15
Master architects
16
The Arch!
17
Concrete
18
ROMAN Catholic
19
Stadiums
20
Buildings
21
Paved roads
22
Using gravity to get water where needed
23
Latin phrases (language) and Roman numerals
24
The Fall of Rome in the West
  • No law of succession for the Emperor (power
    vacuum)
  • Weak and corrupt leaders
  • Maintained a large, expensive army
  • Empire became too large to control ( a few
    Emperors tried to save the Empire by dividing it
    in two)
  • Taxes became too high

25
The end of the Roman Empire in the West The map
below (AD 476) shows how the Western Roman Empire
lost much of its territory while the Eastern
part (The Byzantine Empire) didnt lose any
territory
26
A few highlights from the Roman civilization
(Republic Empire)
  • 509 BC - Founding of Rome
  • 146 BC Rome conquers Greece
  • 44 BC Julius Caesar is assassinated (end of
    Republic)
  • 27 BC Caesar Augustus becomes first Roman
    Emperor
  • 65 AD Great fire in Rome (Nero is Emperor)
  • 285 AD Diocletian divides the Empire
  • 313 AD - Constantine declares freedom of religion
  • 476 AD the last Roman Emperor (Western part) is
    driven from the throne
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