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To Kill a Mockingbird chapter one


To Kill a Mockingbird chapter one Exposition: Setting, Characters, and Conflict Who s who in the Finch Family Simon Finch was a fur-trader and an apothecary; he was ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To Kill a Mockingbird chapter one

To Kill a Mockingbirdchapter one
  • Exposition
  • Setting, Characters, and Conflict

Whos who in the Finch Family
  • Simon Finch was a fur-trader and an apothecary
    he was very wealthy.
  • Finches Landing is the original home of Simon
    Finch (patriarch of the family)
  • Plantation-style farmhouse on the river.
  • Many generations of Finches were farmers and
    lived in this home.
  • Atticus Finch was the first to leave the farm. He
    moved to nearby Maycomb and became a lawyer.
  • Atticuss brother, Jack, moved to Boston to
    become a doctor.
  • Their sister Alexandra Finch, lives in the home
    now and runs the farm.

  • The year is 1933. Segregation and the Great
    Depression were apparent.
  • The Finch family lives in a tired, poor old town
    in the grip of the Great Depresson - Maycomb,
  • Jean Louise (Scout) is the narrator of the story
    she is Atticuss daughter, and she is six years
    old and very, very smart.
  • Jeremy (Jem) is Scouts brother. He is nine
    years old. At the beginning of the story, he has
    a broken arm.

Benefits of a first person narration
  • Scout tells the story through her eyes how
    might a six-year-old view the Great Depression
    and segregation?
  • We know all of Scouts thoughts, fears, and
    curiosities how might this info. add to the
    readers impressions of the events she tells in
    the story?
  • We develop relationships with Scouts
    friends/family along with her. How does this
    affect our opinion of events dealing with these

Life as she knew it p. 6
  • Our mother died when I was two, so I never felt
    her absence Jem was four when I was born, and
    two years later my mother died of a heart attack.
    I did not miss her, but I think Jem didhe
    remembered her clearly.
  • Our summertime boundaries (within calling
    distance of Calpurnia) were Mrs. Henry Lafayette
    Duboses house two doors to the north and the
    Radley place, three doors to the south. The
    Radley place was inhabited by an unknown entity
    the mere description of whom was enough to make
    us behave for days on end Mrs. Dubose was plain

Miss Maudiea secondary character
  • Miss Maudie She lives kitty-corner across the
    street from the Finches.
  • She went to high school with Atticuss brother,
  • She is very good friends with Atticus and bakes
    cakes for the kids.
  • She loves her garden, which is very full of
    colorful flowers.
  • She answers the kids questions and does not like
    Stephanie Crawfords gossiping ways.

Stephanie Crawfordanother secondary character
  • She is the nosy neighbor
  • She has a reputation for gossiping and is not
    well-respected by the adults in the neighborhood
  • The kids believe every word of her gossip.
  • She gets into everyones business and seeks

More secondary characters
  • Calpurina she cooks for the Finches and cares
    for Jem and Scout during the day. She is black
    and lives in the Quarters the black
  • Miss Rachel she is the Finches neighbor. Her
    nephew, Dill, visits every summer he is a friend
    of Jem and Scouts.
  • Charles Baker Harris (Dill) is goin on
    seven,but looked four. Im little, but Im
    old. He is very, very smart. He lives in
    Missouri, but visits his Aunt Rachel every
    summer. At home, he goes to the picture-show
    every week. He has a wild imagination!

The Radley Family
  • Kept to themselves
  • Did not go to church (unforgivable in Maycomb)
  • Did not join the neighbors on their front porches
    for coffee or lemonade
  • Houses shutters and doors are closed weird
    because that is only done in cases of illness or
    cold weather.
  • House has no screen doors (no air conditioning).
  • Mr. Radley leaves the house at 1130 everyday and
    returns at 1200 no one knows where he goes.
  • No one knew how Mr. Radley made his living he
    bought cotton a polite term for doing
  • Two sons Nathan and Arthur. Nathan lives in
    Pensacola, Florida. Arthur lives at home.

Mr. Radley the mysterious neighbor p. 12
  • he was a thin, leathery man with colorless
    eyes, so colorless they did not reflect light.
    His cheekbones were sharp and his mouth was wide,
    with a thin upper lip and a full lower lip his
    posture was ramrod straight He never spoke to
    us, we would say, Good morning, Sir, and he
    would look at the ground and only cough in
  • After he died and made his final journey past
    our housethere goes the meanest man ever God
    blew breath into, murmured Calpurnia. We looked
    at her in surprise, for Calpurnia rarely
    commented on the ways of white people.

The Radley House p. 8
  • The Radley place jutted into a sharp curve
    beyond our house. Walking south, one faced its
    porch the sidewalk turned and ran beside the
    lot. The house was low, was once white with a
    deep front porch and green shutters but had long
    ago darkened to the color of the slate-gray yard
    around it. Rain-rotten shingles drooped over the
    eaves of the veranda oak trees kept the sun
    away. The remains of a picket fence drunkenly
    guarded the front yard a swept yard that was
    never swept where Johnson grass and rabbit
    tobacco grew in abundance.
  • Inside the house lived a malevolent phantom.

Arthur Radley the scary guy down the
streetthey call him Boo
  • According to rumor
  • Arrested at 16 for stealing a car and tying up
    the police officer his dad grounded him for life
    because no one has seen him since.
  • Jem figured that Mr. Radley kept him chained to
    the bed most the time. Atticus said no, it wasnt
    that sort of thing, that there were other ways of
    making people into ghosts.
  • Peeps in peoples windows at night
  • Breathes on peoples azaleas and freezes them
  • Mutilates farmers chickens and pets
  • Boo drove the scissors into his parents leg,
    pulled them out, wiped them on his pants, and
    resumed his activities he was thirty-three years
    old then.

Dills insatiable curiosity p. 12
  • The more we told Dill about the Radleys, the
    more he wanted to know, the longer he would stand
    hugging the light-pole on the corner, the more he
    would wonder.
  • It was Dill that gave us the idea of making Boo
    Radley come out.
  • Wonder what he does in there he would murmur.

Arthur Radley the scary guy down the
streetthey call him Boo
p. 13
  • He walks like this Jem slid his feet through
    the gravelIve seen his tracks in our back yard
    many a mornin, and one night I heard him
    scratching on the back screen, but he was gone
    time Atticus got there.
  • Wonder what he looks like? asked Dill

Boo Radley the scary guy down the street p.
  • Jem gave a reasonable description of Boo Boo
    was about six-and-a-half feet tall, judging from
    his tracks he dined on raw squirrels and any
    cats he could catch, thats why his hands were
    blood-stained if you ate an animal raw, you
    could never wash the blood off. There was a
    long, jagged scar that ran across his face what
    teeth he had were yellow and rotten his eyes
    popped, and he drooled most of the time.
  • Lets try to make him come out said Dill.

I double-dare you p. 14
  • Dill says, Ill swap you The Grey Ghost if you
    just go up and touch the house
  • Jem brightened. Touch the house, thats all?
  • Dill nodded Well go on, Scout and mes right
    behind you.
  • Im going, said Jem, dont hurry me.
  • Jem threw open the gate and sped to the side of
    the house, slapped it with his palm and ran back
    past us, not waiting to see if his foray was
    successfulSafely on our porch, panting and out
    of breath, we looked back. The house was the
    same, droopy and sick, but as we stared down the
    street we thought we saw an inside shutter move.
    Flick. A tiny, almost invisible movement

The calm before the storm p.8
  • Thereafter the summer passed in routine
    contentmentimproving our treehousefussing,
    running through our list of dramas based on the
    works of (movies that Dill had seen). Thus we
    came to know Dill as a pocket Merlin with
    eccentric plans, strange longings, and quaint