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The Western World (Since 1970)

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The Western World (Since 1970) SPIELVOGEL CHAPTER 29 U.S. - Soviet relations in the 1970 s D tente - attempt to reduce tensions between the superpowers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Western World (Since 1970)


1
The Western World (Since 1970)
  • SPIELVOGEL CHAPTER 29

2
U.S. - Soviet relations in the 1970s
  •  
  • Détente - attempt to reduce tensions between the
    superpowers
  •  
  • Antiballistic Missile Treaty 1972 ABM Treaty
  •  
  • The Helsinki Agreements 1975 - both sides agree
    to recognize and protect human rights and settle
    all borders
  • Pres. Jimmy Carter -gt foreign policy focused on
    human rights
  •  
  • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan 1979 -
  • 1. restore pro-Soviet govt
  • 2. Worsens U.S.-Soviet relations
  • 3. American boycott of the Moscow Olympics
    in 1980
  • 4. U.S. grain embargo

BREZHNEV AND NIXON
THE KISS BREZHNEV AND CARTER
3
U.S. - Soviet relations in the 1980s
  •  Ronald Reagan elected president in 1980
  • The evil empire speech
  •  
  • American military buildup and a new arms race
  •  
  • Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) - Reagans
    plan for a space shield against incoming missiles
  •  
  • Star Wars
  •  
  • Military support for Afghan rebels fighting
    against the Soviets

4
The End of the Cold War
  •  Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet
    Union in 1985
  • INF Treaty 1987 - arms control agreements between
    the US and Soviets
  •  
  • 1989-1990 marked the turning point of the Cold
    War -gt Soviets will no longer use military force
    to maintain control over Eastern Europe
  •  
  • The Revolutions of 1989 - Soviet backed communist
    regimes in Eastern Europe are swept away
  •  
  • German Reunification 1990

5
The post-Cold War era 1990s
  •  The Gulf War 1990 - Saddam Husseins Iraq
    invades Kuwait
  • The New World Order
  •  
  • Haiti 1994
  •  
  • US negotiates and end to
  • the war in Bosnia
  •  
  • Slobodan Milosevic and Yugoslavia
  •  
  • NATO bombing of Yugoslavia to stop war in Kosovo
    1999
  •  
  • 9/11 and the War on Terror

6
The Soviet Union 1964-1982
  • No change
  • Led by Leonid Brezhnev - No experimentation
  • Brezhnev Doctrine - Soviets will use force to
    maintain communism in E. Europe
  • Economic emphasis on heavy industry
  • Central planning -gt bureaucracy, no efficiency,
    low productivity
  • Guaranteed employment - low wages, no incentives,
    apathy, absenteeism, drunkenness
  • Agricultural problems
  • Party patronage - special privileges, advancement
  • 1980 the party and the state was in severe
    stagnation and decline
  • The Gerontocracy rule by the old
  • 1. Brezhnev dies in 1982
  • 2. Constantine Chernenko - dies
  • 3. Yuri Andropov dies
  • Need for new blood and new thinking - reform
    movement -gt opens the way for Gorbachev

7
PR pp. 251-254
  1. Warsaw Pact
  2. COMENCON
  3. What did the Soviets construct in 1961?
  4. Who was Imre Nagy?
  5. What 3 things did Hungary want to do in 1956?
  6. What happened to the uprising in Hungary in 1956?
  7. Who succeeded Stalin as the leader of the USSR in
    1953?
  8. What was the subject of the secret speech at
    the 20th Party Congress?
  9. Where did the two super powers almost go to war
    in 1962? What was the cause of the crisis?
  10. What happened to Khrushchev in 1964?
  11. Who succeeded him as leader of the Soviet Union?
  12. What were two of his policies?
  13. What was the Prague Spring of 1968?
  14. The Brezhnev Doctrine
  15. Alexander Dubcek
  16. Lech Walesa
  17. Solidarity
  18. How did the Polish communist government respond
    to Solidarity?
  19. What happened in Poland in 1989?
  • 21. What happened throughout Eastern Europe in
    1989?
  • 22. Why was Romania the exception in 1989?
  • 23. Chernobyl
  • 24. Afghanistan
  • 25. Glasnost
  • 26. Perestroika
  • 27. What happened in the Soviet Union in Aug.
    1991?
  • 28. Boris Yeltsin
  • 29. What replaced the Soviet Union?
  • 30. What were Yeltsins economic policies?
  • 31. What were two problems of shock
    treatment? 32. What were two reasons for
    Yeltsins decline in popularity?
  • 33. What was the conflict between Yeltsin and the
    Congress of Peoples Deputies in Oct. 1993?
  • 34. What were two reasons Yeltsin was re-elected
    in 1996?
  • 35. Vladimir Putin
  • 36. The Beslan Massacre
  • 37. How did the Russian people feel about Putin
    and why?
  • 38. What were Slovenia and Croatia?
  • 39. What did the Bosnians want?
  • 40. Who was Slobodan Milosovic and what was his
    policy towards Bosnia?
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