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Classroom Based Assessment


2010-2011 Classroom Based Assessment Dig Deep Perspective Who Caused the Whitman Massacre? By: Joshua Schwartz 4th Grade Lind Elementary – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classroom Based Assessment

2010-2011 Classroom Based Assessment Dig
Deep Perspective Who Caused the Whitman
Massacre? By Joshua Schwartz 4th
Grade Lind Elementary
There are many perspectives on events in history
. There are two main perspectives about who
caused the Whitman Massacre. One view point is
from the white man and the other is from the
Cayuse Indians . Both perspectives leading up and
beyond the Whitman Massacre are important .I will
begin with the white mans perspective and follow
up with the Indians perspective.
In 1831 when the trappers were hunting and used
wool blankets and shiny knives the Indians
thought they were presents from the white mans
gods .They wanted to learn about the white mans
gods. So they sent four Indian men to converse
with William Clark in St. Louis. Then he thought
about what to do. Then he found out what he
should do according to Washington, Our Home.
So he sent missionaries to try and convert the
Indians to their religion during five years.
Finally he sent Marcus and Narcissa Whitman with
the Spaldings in 1836. He wanted them to start
missions in Oregon Country. They made the Whitman
Mission so they could convert the Indians to
their religion. It was a home to the Whitmans
according to The Whitman Massacre and The
Cayuse War. Pioneers started to travel on the
Oregon Trail in 1842. The Whitman Mission was a
rest stop for them. Some people were sick and
gave sicknesses to the Indians. Then Dr. Whitman
gave them medicine and they died. Many Indians
died and half of the tribe vanished because of
it! It made them angry according to Cayuse
Attack Mission.
Then one night in November, 1847 the Indians
attacked the Whitman Mission. They killed people
who got in their way. They also took people. By
the end they took fifty-three captives and killed
fourteen people. Other people ran away. Many
protestant missions closed. Then the Cayuse War
came because of the massacre. So after the
massacre they traded 62 shirts, 12 guns, 600
loads of ammunition, 37 pounds of tobacco to get
the captives back. In 1854-1856 the Cayuse war
was over. Governor Stevens forced the Indians to
sign ten treaties. He also made promises he
didnt keep. Even Indians that were on
reservations got kicked off of them. They were
kicked off because gold was found on the
reservations. It changed the Indians life style
big time.
But the Cayuse Indians had a different point of
view. In 1831 when trappers used guns and
knives and other stuff the Indians thought the
trappers had presents from the white mans gods.
So they sent four men 3 Nez Perce and 1
Flathead from their tribes to learn a little
about the white mans gods. Then missionaries
came to Oregon Country. The Indians didnt like
the strict rules of the schools and churches.
They also didnt like what the white man were
teaching according to Washington, Our Home. In
1836 the Whitmans and Spaldings started missions
in Oregon Country. Then they tried to convert the
Indians to the white mans religion. The Indians
didnt like it. They didnt want to become part
of the white mans religion. They just wanted to
learn a little about the white mans religion.
But instead they got missionaries who started a
mission and tried to convert them into the white
mans religion according to Washington, Our
Home .
Then in 1842 pioneers started traveling on the
Oregon Trail and used the mission as a rest stop.
Some people carried measles or small pox. Then
Dr. Whitman gave them poison and they died. This
kept going on and on. Eventually more than 200
people died. Then one Indian man wanted to test
the doctor. So he did this because his wife and
child died from the doctors poison. So he got
himself sick. Then he went to the doctor and took
the poison. They decided this in a council. He
died according to The Whitman Massacre.
Finally, the Cayuse had enough of their people
dying because of the doctors poison. So one day
an Indian struck the doctor on the head with a
tomahawk. Thirteen other people died from being
killed. The Indians killed people only if they
got in Indians way. The white man gave the
Indians 62 shirts, 37 pounds of tobacco,600 loads
of ammunition, and 12 guns to get their captives
back according to The Cayuse War. In
1854-1856 the white man wanted the Indians
fertile land. Then they took the Indians and put
them on unfertile reservation lands. When the
Indians signed ten treaties with Governor Stevens
they know about what they wrote or said. Governor
Stevens made promises he didnt even keep. Some
Indians got bigger land. Some Indians got more
privileges. Some Indians tried to sneak away to
Canada. Some Indians bless the lands that they
gave to the white man with the spirits of other
good Indians according to Washington, Our Home.
My conclusion about who started the Whitman
Massacre it was the white mans fault because
they sent the trappers and the things they used
confused the Indians. That lead the Indians to
send four the of their men to St. Louis for a
talk with William Clark. And that was both sides
of the story for the Whitman Massacre. I thought
the white man started it. But who knows, I might
be wrong. And that was my Dig Deep CBA.
  1. Washington Our Home Gibbs Smith Education, Text
    Book, 2010.
  2. The Cayuse War, Kathy
    Weiser, Article, 2003-2011.
  3. Cayuse Attack Mission http//,
    David Wilma, Essay 5192, Feb. 14, 2003.
  4. Experience State History http//www.expriencesta, Gibbs Smith Education, Student
    Text Book Web Site,2010.