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Taking action, making the links

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Taking action, making the links Connecting individual actions with global effects Climate change and what we can do * We want you to devise a campaign that will ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Taking action, making the links


1
Taking action, making the links
Connecting individual actions with global
effects
  • Climate change and what we can do

2
Whats going on?
  • Climate change is happening all around the world

Upton-upon-Severn, UK
Yangtzi, China
Alaska, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Lima, Peru
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Pakistan
Greater Banjul, The Gambia
3
Shishmaref, Alaska, USA
  • Whats happening here?
  • Polar regions are some of the
  • first places expected to feel
  • strong effects from climate change. 
  • The town of Shishmaref in north
  • west Alaska is threatened as sea
  • levels rise and permafrost melts. 
  • Permafrost is sub-soil remaining
  • below freezing-point throughout the
  • year in polar regions.
  • Concise Oxford Dictionary. 
  • Whats happened to the house?
  • As permafrost melts, houses which have been built
    on it start to tilt and collapse.

4
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
  • Whats happening here?
  • Climate change has been linked to an increase in
    extreme weather events, such as storms and
    hurricanes
  • In 2005, the city of New Orleans was seriously
    flooded following Hurricane Katrina
  • Most of its population had to leave, and more
    than 1,000 people were killed

5
Lima, Peru
  • Whats happening here?
  • The growing population of Lima, the capital of
    Peru, needs access to clean water
  • The city is built in a desert region but is
    currently supplied with water from glaciers in
    the Andes mountains
  • As the glaciers melt, this water supply is going
    to become smaller

6
Upton-upon- Severn, UK
  • Whats happening here?
  • The small town of Upton-upon-Severn,
    Worcestershire, has long been at risk of flooding
    from the River Severn
  • As the climate changes, many scientists expect
    British winters to become warmer and wetter, and
    the rainfall to be heavier when it comes
  • This means that major floods, such as those
    which happened in 2000, are likely to become
    more common

7
Greater Banjul, The Gambia
  • Whats happening here?
  • The Gambia, in West Africa, is particularly
  • vulnerable to climate change. Its capital
  • city, Banjul, is threatened by rising sea
  • levels and coastal erosion.
  • What impact do you think coastal erosion
  • Is having on nearby tourist areas?
  • Many beaches have been washed away
  • and these have had to be replaced at great
  • cost. If the tourists dont come, then less money
    comes into the area.
  • Rising sea levels may also affect the areas
  • fishing industry and fresh water supply.
  • The country is also likely to be affected by
  • drier weather and growing deserts, affecting
  • crops and wildlife. Responding to climate change
    is a major priority in the country.

8
Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Whats happening here?
  • Bangladesh is vulnerable to flooding and
    tropical storms
  • These are expected to become more common and
    more severe as a result of climate change
  • In 2004, the capital city of Dhaka was seriously
    flooded. Dozens of people died and more than
    100,000 became ill from using dirty water

9
Pakistan
  • Whats happening here?
  • In 2010 severe flooding, following heavy monsoon
    rains between July and September, affected 20
    million people
  • Many remain without homes, shelter or help 12
    months later
  • Approximately one-fifth of Pakistan's total land
    area was under water

10
Pakistan
  • Buildings, bridges, roads and crops for animals
    and humans were all destroyed across a massive
    area
  • This is the hospital at Karora Town, in Shangla
    District, northern Pakistan
  • In the village of Paka Ghalwa in southern Punjab,
    many people were still living in tents six months
    after the flooding subsided

11
Yangtzi, China
  • Whats happening here?
  • One sixth of the worlds population lives in
    China. More and more Chinese people are moving to
    the cities as industry grows to meet the
    countrys needs
  • Increasing amounts of water and energy are needed
    to support them
  • How the country can do this in a manageable and
    sustainable way is an important question

One controversial solution has been to build the
worlds largest dam project on the Yangtzi River,
the Three Gorges Dam
12
What do we know?
  • Climate change will affect places in many
    different ways
  • No one knows for certain what will happen, and
    there are lots of possibilities
  • Places may experience a mix of positive and
    negative changes. These will probably be very
    different depending on where in the world you
    live

13
What are the causes?
  • Natural causes
  • Release of methane gas from arctic tundra and
    wetlands
  • Methane is a greenhouse gas and is very dangerous
    to our environment
  • A greenhouse gas traps heat in the earth's
    atmosphere
  • Another natural cause is that the earth goes
    through cycles of climate change. This usually
    lasts about 40,000 years

14
What are the causes?
  • Man-made causes
  • Farming, landfill, and coalmines

Scientists believe methane could be 23 times
more effective at trapping heat in the
atmosphere than carbon dioxide (CO2)
15
What are the causes?
  • Man-made causes
  • Burning fossil fuels
  • To generate electricity
  • For commercial and industrial purposes (to make
    things)
  • For residential purposes (for heating and
    lighting)

To generate heat directly for cooking and warmth
16
What are the causes?
  • Man-made causes
  • Burning fossil fuels
  • For transport moving people, goods and food
    around
  • A growing population means more of this

17
What are the causes?
  • Man-made causes
  • Deforestation
  • Between May 2000 and August 2005, Brazil lost
    more than 132,000 square kilometres of forest
    an area larger than Greece

18
What are the solutions?
19
Small changes we can all make
  • Food
  • Rely less on food and goods that travel a long
    distance. Eat British-grown vegetables and meat
    or grow your own if possible! (This reduces CO2
    from transporting food)
  • Eat less meat (reduces methane from cows)
  • Compost your food waste (reduces methane from
    landfill)

20
Small changes we can all make
  • Landfill
  • Recycle and compost reduce amount of rubbish
    that goes to landfill
  • Join Freecycle/Freegle Dont throw things away!
  • Dont buy things that you dont really need

21
Small changes we can all make
  • Fossil fuels
  • Reduce your energy/electricity use switch
    things off if youre not using them
  • Talk to your parents about getting solar panels
    on the roof of your house
  • Get on your bike! Leave the car at home whenever
    possible and walk or
    cycle for short journeys

22
Community action and campaigning
  • Things can happen when people work together
  • Afon Taf High School in Wales wanted to enable
    more cycling to school by installing new cycle
    facilities.
  • They prepared a bid for funding from the Welsh
    Assemblys Safe Routes to Schools budget to build
    new cycle facilities
  • The Year 9 class split into different groups
  • One group surveyed pupils and parents for their
    opinions
  • One looked at the design of the new sheds
  • One looked at upgrading a riverside path to
    create a traffic-free route to school
  • Another looked at how the cycle-to-school scheme
    would work
  • It worked the school received 60,000 from the
    Welsh Assembly

23
Advertising campaign
  • Connecting individual actions with global effects

24
Advertising campaign
  • Connecting individual actions with global effects
  • Only half (52 per cent) of Britons think that
    changing just their own behaviour would have an
    impact on climate change
  • However, more people (85 per cent) say that they
    would be prepared to change the way they live in
    order to lessen the impact of global warming
  • (BBC/ICM poll, July 2004)

25
Advertising campaign
  • Connecting individual actions with global effects
  • You work for an advertising company
  • Your brief is to design a campaign to raise
    peoples awareness of the link between their
    personal travel behaviour/travel choices and
    climate change (target audience aged 11 16)
  • Outputs required campaign concept outlined on an
    ideas sheet and a poster
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