Main challenges and trends in Quality Assurance in Central Asia: the example of Kazakhstan (Implementing Quality Assurance within Higher Education Institutions) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Main challenges and trends in Quality Assurance in Central Asia: the example of Kazakhstan (Implementing Quality Assurance within Higher Education Institutions)

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MAIN CHALLENGES AND TRENDS IN QUALITY ASSURANCE IN CENTRAL ASIA: THE EXAMPLE OF KAZAKHSTAN (Implementing Quality Assurance within Higher Education Institutions) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Main challenges and trends in Quality Assurance in Central Asia: the example of Kazakhstan (Implementing Quality Assurance within Higher Education Institutions)


1
Main challenges and trends in Quality Assurance
in Central Asia the example of
Kazakhstan (Implementing Quality Assurance within
Higher Education Institutions)
  • Bissembay Iskakov, Professor of Kazakh National
    Technical University named after K.Satbayev,
    Almaty

2
CONTENT
  • ? Brief information about Kazakhstan
  • ? State of QA
  • ? Trends
  • ? Still challenges
  • ? Implementation in other CA countries
  • ? Conclusion

3
(No Transcript)
4
Brief information about Kazakhstan
  • Capital Astana (since  December 10, 1997)
  • Population 17 million
  • Territory 2 724,9 km2 - the second largest
    country in the NIS and the world's 9th largest
  • Length of borders 12 187 km (over 3,000 km (and
    two time zones) W-E 2,000 km N-S
  • Highest mountain Khan Tengri (6995 m)
  • Biggest lakes Caspian sea, Aral sea, Lake
    Balkhash
  • Longest rivers Yertis (4248 km), Yesil (2450
    km), Zhaiyik (2428 km), Syr Dariya (2219 km)
  • Kazakhstan has 14 administrative regions, 2
    cities of republican subordination, Baikonyr city
    with special status, over 80 other cities, 159
    districts, 241 towns and 2,042 auls (rural
    villages)
  • Kazakhstan has 1,8 of world oil reserves (12th
    position ), 21st position for gas reserves 8th
    position for coal reserves

5
HEIs
QA
Independent Agencies
Ministries
6
Ministry of Education and Science of Kazakhstan
  • Licensing (HEIs and programmes)
  • Attestation of HEIs
  • External peer review of the HEI graduate
    students LO
  • Monitoring the HEIs in implementing state
    standards and regulations
  • Actualization of the register of IAs, accredited
    HEIs and educational programmes by National
    Accreditation Council

7
Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan
  • Licensing (medical HEIs and medical programmes)
  • Attestation of medical HEIs
  • External peer review of medical HEIs graduate
    students LO
  • Monitoring medical HEIs in implementing state
    standards and regulations

8
Number and dynamics of HEIs in Kazakhstan
(1991-2014)
1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2014
55 63 101 153 166 182 175 176 140 145 149 131
Source Ministry of education and science of RK,
2014
9
Number and dynamics of students population in
Kazakhstan (2008-2013)
  2008/ 2009 2009/ 2010 2010/ 2011 2011/ 2012 2012/ 2013
BA 633814 610264 620442 629507 571691
MSc 11395 14216 16586 21159 25299
PhD 439 666 960 1337 1517
10
HEIs
  • ? Internal peer review of educational programmes
    and processes
  • ? Assessing the quality of the student experience
  • ? Quality assurance of teaching staff
  • ? Learning resources and student support
  • ? Information system
  • ? Public information
  • ? Quality management (ISO 90002001)

11
Independent Agencies
  • ? ABET (USA) www.abet.org
  • ? AQA (Austria) www.aqa.ac.at
  • ? ACQUIN (Germany) www.acquin.org
  • ? ASIIN (Germany) www.asiin.de
  • ? IAAR (Kazakhstan) www.iaar.kz
  • ? IQAA (Kazakhstan) www.nkaoko.kz

12
Independent Agencies
  • ? Development of external quality assurance
    processes
  • ? Criteria for decisions
  • ? Goal-oriented processes
  • ? Reporting
  • ? Follow-up procedures
  • ? System-wide analyses

13
The important trends were outlined in QA at the
national and institutional levels, accruing after
signing the Bologna Declaration by Kazakhstan
  • First, it is the system approach to QA, that
    consists of
  • ? Development of a legislative basis for QA.
  • ? Formation of the QA modern system through
    delegating the state bodys authority to the
    independent bodies responsible for QA.

14
  • ? Promoting Kazakhstan HEIs to a world-class
    universities level based on experience of
    Nazarbayev University.
  • ? Significant increase in academic mobility of
    students and staff on the basis of target state
    financing of HEIs.
  • ? International dimension of QA.
  • ? Establishing QA units in HEIs.
  • ? Alumni units and endowment funds.

15
  • ? Motivation of internal evaluation within
    external assessment.
  • ? Increasing of human resources management.
  • ? Increasing of the impact of researches.
  • ? Increasing role of the International programme
    Bolashak.

16
  • Secondly, state financing of scientific
    researches gradually increased from 0,26 of GNP
    in 2011 to 2 in 2016.
  • Thirdly, by 2020 all the HEIs will have gained an
    autonomy, including independence in drawing up
    academic programmes.

17
Main challenges in Quality Assurance on the HEIs
level
  • ? Convergence of the state and none state system
    of QA.
  • ? Insufficient coverage of all the HEIs by an
    internal and external peer review.
  • ? Iinsufficient participation of students in QA
    management.

18
  • ? A low competition between HEIs in the regions
    and HEIs suspension from a competition at the
    global labour markets.
  • ? A weak integration of CA HEIs.
  • ? Absence of HEIs autonomy
  • in designing academic programmes.

19
Implementation in other CA countries
  • National Accreditation Council will be formed at
    the state level in Kyrgyzstan.
  • Bishkek Academy of Finance and Economics uses the
    ESG and the other best practices acquired within
    the framework of Tempus projects
  • Source www.bafe.edu.kg).

20
The important trends in the other CA countries
  • Uzbekistan University of World Economy and
    Diplomacy, Bukhara State University, Karshi State
    University, Samarkand Institute of Economics and
    Service, Samarkand State Foreign Languages
    Institute set up QA centres within the framework
    of Tempus project QAPD Enhancement of Quality
    Assurance System through Professional
  • Development of Academic Leaders.
  • Source www.tempus.uz

21
  • Tajikistan Delegating Ministrys authority to
    ESG in licensing, attestation and accreditation
    of all HEIs.
  • Source www.soros.tj/ru/publikatsii/biblioteka?dow
    nload39obespechenie

22
  • THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION!
  • iskakovbisen_at_mail.ru
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