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Bourbon France

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Title: Bourbon France


1
Bourbon France
2
Cardinal Richelieu
Richelieu was a member of the clergy and a
politician. He had two main goals 1. Make the
monarchy the supreme authority in France. 2.
Build France into the most powerful nation in
Europe
3
Cardinal Richelieu
  • Richelieu achieved his goals by
  • Weakening the power of nobles by destroying their
    castles.
  • Weakening the power of the Huguenots by
    destroying their walled cities.
  • Enriching the monarchy by imposing heavy taxes on
    the lower classes.
  • Entering the Thirty Years War in Germany to
    weaken Frances rivals.

4
The Thirty Years War
  • Began as a struggle in Germany between
    Protestants and Catholics.
  • France sided with the Protestants rather than the
    Catholics.
  • Nearly 1/3 of Germany's population died.
  • Ended in 1648 with the signing of the Peace of
    Westphalia.

5
Results of The Thirty Years War
  • The Netherlands and Switzerland became
    independent
  • Many longstanding problems between European
    nations were resolved.
  • France gained the valuable German territory of
    Alsace and Lorraine

6
Louis XIV The Sun King 1643 - 1715
  • In 1643, following the death of Louis XIII, his
    five year old son became king as Louis XIV.
  • Louis XIV would become one of the strongest
    monarchs of all time. He was known as the Sun
    King and built France into one of the most
    powerful states in Europe.

Louis XIV as a Child
7
  • The Sun Kings Reign is noted for its
  • Absolute Rule
  • Blossoming of French Culture
  • Religious Persecution
  • Strong Economic Policy

8
Louis XIV The Sun King 1643 - 1715
Absolute Rule
  • Louis claimed Divine Right
  • Exercised unlimited power
  • Never convened the Estates General during his
    reign.
  • Forced the nobles to live in his court so he
    could watch them.

Louis XIV The Sun King
9
Blossoming of French Culture
  • Built Versailles into the most magnificent palace
    in the world.
  • France became the center of art and culture in
    Europe.
  • French became the most widely spoken language in
    Europe.
  • The greatest cultural and political figures of
    the time visited the court at Versailles.

10
The Palace of Versailles
Original Hunting Lodge of Louis XIII
11
Fun Facts about Versailles
  • Larger than the island of Manhattan
  • Would have cost 2 billion in todays dollar
  • Hall of Mirrors contains 43 chandeliers
  • Took 28 years to complete the chapel
  • Queens bedchamber was the largest private room
    because she had to give birth in public
  • 5,000 people could live there (including
    servants)

12
Louis XIV The Sun King 1643 - 1715
Religious Persecution
  • Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes and Huguenots
    were persecuted.
  • Protestants were forced to convert to Catholicism
    of leave France.
  • Many of Frances wealthiest merchants left. This
    later deeply hurt France economically.

Persecution of Huguenots
13
Louis XIV The Sun King 1643 - 1715
Strong Economic Policy
  • Appointed a strong finance minister Jean Baptiste
    Colbert.
  • Colbert built new roads and canals to improve
    trade.
  • Established French colonies abroad.
  • Supported new industries with government funds.

Jean Baptiste Colbert
14
The Daily Dressing of the Sun King
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