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End of an Empire

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END OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE Factors in Rome Fall Vast size of Empire Simply too big ... their land Romans allowed German farmers to come in but after a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: End of an Empire


1
End of an Empire
  • 11.3
  • Chapter 11
  • Section 3

2
Problems in the Empire
  • By AD 200s emperors started to give up land
  • Feared how to protect everything

3
External Threats
  • Germanic warriors North
  • Persians East
  • Were able to defend for 200 years but at a cost
  • Farmers were afraid and gave up their land
  • Romans allowed German farmers to come in but
    after a while they did not listen to the Roman
    emperor

4
Internal Threats
  • Disease
  • Increase taxes
  • To pay for the defense of the empire

5
Split Empire
  • Diocletian
  • Became emperor in the 200s
  • Split empire into East and West
  • He controlled the east

6
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7
Constantine
  • Emperor
  • Reunited empire for a short time
  • Moved the capital to Turkey (east)
  • Constantinople
  • Rome was no longer the center of the empire

8
Decline of Rome
  • Huns- fierce warriors from Central Asia
  • Goths settled in the western part of the Roman
    Empire
  • 410 destroyed Rome
  • FIRST STEP IN EMPIRE BEING DESTROYED

9
Western Empire
  • Goth victory inspired other groups to attack Rome
  • Attila led the Huns to attack in the east
  • Rome did not have strong emperors to defend
    attacks
  • EMPERORS WERE WEAK
  • AD 450s - military leaders, not emperors ruled
    Rome
  • AD 476 - last emperor was overthrown.
  • END OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

10
Factors in Rome Fall
  • Vast size of Empire
  • Simply too big to govern
  • Corruption
  • Decay of values
  • Government no longer efficient
  • Taxes Increased

11
New Eastern Empire
  • Grew in wealth and power

12
Justinian
  • Ruled from AD 527-565
  • Passionate about conquering old empire
  • Italy and land around Mediterranean

13
Laws and Church
  • Justinian Code
  • Organized all laws into a new legal system
  • Removed un-christian laws
  • Simplified Roman law
  • Guaranteed fair treatment for all

14
Theodora
  • Justinians smart and powerful wife
  • Helped to create laws for women and children
  • Helped end government corruption
  • Convinced her husband to fight invaders

15
Justinians Death
  • Died in AD 565
  • After his death the eastern empire began to fall
  • 1453 Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople
  • MARKED THE END OF EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

16
Byzantine Society
  • Eastern Roman Empire
  • Established by Justinian
  • Non-Roman influence took hold
  • Spoke Greek rather than Latin
  • Christianity was important
  • Christianity practiced differently as time passed
    in east and west
  • Led to split
  • East and Western Europe divided by religion

17
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