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The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

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The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Economic Troubles Decline begins after the pax romana in 3rd Century Invaders made trade unsafe on sea and on roads The rich ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire


1
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
2
Economic Troubles
  • Decline begins after the pax romana in 3rd
    Century
  • Invaders made trade unsafe on sea and on roads
  • The rich spent gold and silver on luxury items
    from Asia which drained Rome of these precious
    metals
  • Rome began making coins with less silver which
    caused inflation.

3
Economic Troubles
  • Inflation is a drastic drop in the value of money
    coupled with rising prices for items.
  • Agriculture decreased because of infertile soil,
    and farmland destroyed by war.
  • Food shortages
  • Spread of disease

4
Military Troubles
  • Germanic tribes were invading Rome
  • Soldiers no longer had discipline or loyalty to
    Rome.
  • Soldiers had loyalty only to their commanders,
    who fought not for Rome, but to try to become the
    emperor.
  • To defend Rome, mercenaries were recruited
    foreign soldiers who fought for money.

5
Political Troubles
  • Troubles in the empire made citizens lose
    patriotism for Rome
  • Being a political official was no longer thought
    to be an honor
  • Few people wanted to serve in the government
  • Out of 26 generals who became emperors, 25 met
    violent deaths.

6
Temporary Help
  • Diocletian in A.D. 284 became a strong leader
  • He doubled the Roman armies and hired German
    mercenaries
  • Persecuted Christians
  • He divided the Roman empire into 2 sides
  • East Greek speaking
  • West Latin speaking
  • He took over the East, but Civil war broke out
    after his death

7
Constantine
  • Took over the West part of the empire in A.D. 312
  • Moved the capital to a strategic location in
    Greece in the East in Byzantium and renamed it
    Constantinople
  • He accepted Christianity

8
The West Falls
  • The west faced worse problems than the east that
    was far from invaders
  • From A.D. 376 to 476, huge numbers of Germanic
    tribes poured into Rome to get away from the
    fierce Huns
  • Attila the Hun was a powerful chieftain who
    swept through the west

9
(No Transcript)
10
The West Falls
  • Negotiated with Pope Leo I and withdrew
  • He died in 453 and was no longer a threat
  • Germanic tribes continued to invade and finally
    the west was no longer Rome
  • But the Eastern Roman empire will continue as the
    Byzantine Empire that will preserve Greek and
    Roman heritage.

11
Pictures Cited
  • Slide 1 http//www.rebitran.com/wp-content/uploa
    ds/2007/04/rome2.jpg
  • Slide 2 http//goldprice.org/buying-gold/uploade
    d_images/Roman-Gold-Coins-706909.jpg,
    http//www.englishare.net/literature/dc-roman-coin
    .gif,http//content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en
    -commons/thumb/1/11/300px-Dio_coin3.jpg
  • Slide 3 http//www.davonline.com/images/rome_hbo
    _visuel.jpg
  • Slide 4 http//www.fallofromegame.com/images/cen
    turion_illus.jpg
  • Slide 5 http//www.jaguarmodels.com/nu/ja60910.j
    pg
  • Slide 6 http//www.reformation.org/emperor-diocl
    etian.jpg
  • Slide 7 http//www.usask.ca/antiquities/Collectio
    n/Constantine_1.JPG
  • Slide 8 http//www.white-history.com/hwr35_files
    /CFALL.jpeg
  • Slide 9 http//www.usu.edu/markdamen/1320HistCi
    v/slides/08romfal/mapEWRomanEmpire.jpg
  • Slide 10 http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/c
    ommons/thumb/9/95/Vandalen.jpg/250px-Vandalen.jpg
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