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INTRODUCING PSYCHOLOGY

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INTRODUCING PSYCHOLOGY Psychology: scientific study of behavior and mental processes GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY Description: describe or gather information about behavior ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTRODUCING PSYCHOLOGY


1
INTRODUCING PSYCHOLOGY
  • Psychology scientific study of
  • behavior and mental processes

2
GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY
  • Description describe or gather information about
    behavior being studied
  • Explanation explain why people (or animals)
    behave the way they do
  • Hypothesis an assumption or prediction about
    behavior that is tested through scientific
    research
  • Theory set of assumptions used to explain
    phenomena and offered for scientific study

3
Goals of Psychology
  • Prediction- what humans will think or feel in
    various situations
  • Influence influence behavior in helpful ways
  • basic science pursuit of knowledge about
    natural phenomena for its own sake
  • applied science discovering ways to use
    scientific findings to accomplish practical goals

4
Scientific method general approach to gathering
information and answering questions so that
errors and biases are minimized
5
HISTORICAL APPROACHES
  • Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt established modern
    psychology basic elements that make up
    conscious mental experiences
  • introspection method of self- observation
    in which participants report their thoughts and
    feelings

6
HISTORICAL APPROACHES
  • Functionalism study how animals and people
    adapt to their environments
  • Inheritable traits Sir Francis Galton most fit
    high intelligence he assumed that the
    wealthiest people were also the most intelligent

7
HISTORICAL APPROACHES
  • Gestalt sum of its parts whole pattern
  • a bicycleisa bicycleit is not

8
CONTEMPORARY APPROACHES
  • Psychoanalytic Freud unconscious motives and
    conflicts determine human behavior
  • Behavioral learn or modify behavior based on
    response to events in environment
  • Humanistic freedom in directing future and
    achieving personal growth

9
CONTEMPORARY (CONT)
  • Cognitive process, retrieve, and use information
    and how cognitive processes influence our
    behavior
  • Biological physical and chemical changes in our
    bodies influence our behavior
  • Sociocultural influence of cultural and ethnic
    similarities and differences on behavior and
    social functioning
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