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AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY *Chapter 2 Class Notes*

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AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY *Chapter 2 Class Notes* Cultures, Environments, and Regions What is Culture? Culture Trait A single attribute of a culture EXAMPLES? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY *Chapter 2 Class Notes*


1
AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY Chapter 2 Class Notes
  • Cultures, Environments, and Regions

2
What is Culture?
  • Culture Trait
  • A single attribute of a culture
  • EXAMPLES?
  • Wearing a Turban in Muslim / Indian culture
    (Dress)

3
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4
Building blocks
  • Culture Trait
  • Culture Complex
  • Culture Systems
  • Cultural Region
  • Culture Realm

5
Human Geo Equals
  • Cultural Landscape
  • The imprint of humans on the land (Carl Sauer)
  • Transformation of Physical landscape into
    Cultural landscape (everything we build)

6
Chicago in 1803
7
Chicago in 2013
8
Leaving your mark
  • Sequent Occupance
  • Notion that successive societies leave their
    lasting cultural imprints on a place over time
  • Can see evidence of past societies on landscape

9
But never forgetting where you came from
  • (Cultural) Hearth-
  • Location where a specific culture
  • first arose (Birthplace, Origin )
  • Egyptian Culture Nile Valley
  • Islam Mecca

10
Limitations
  • Environmental Determinism-
  • Human Behavior / Development is controlled by
    the Physical Environment
  • Earthquakes rip Cities apart
  • Volcanoes Erupt Burn Cities

11
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12
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13
Or is it?
  • Possibilism-
  • Response to Env. Det. (favored in H. Geo)
  • Human Decision Making is the crucial factor in
    Development
  • Technology is KEY
  • Earthquake proof Buildings

14
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15
Humans Building
  • Centripetal Force
  • Forces that Unite
  • Language, culture, religion
  • Centrifugal Force
  • Forces that Divide
  • Language, culture, religion

16
How Culture Spreads
  • Diffusion Spatial Spreading
  • Cultural Diffusion Spreading Adopting of
    cultural element from original place to wider
    area
  • 2 types

17
Two types of Diffusion
  • 1. RELOCATION DIFFUSION
  • Culture being physically carried one place to
    another through Migration / Immigration
  • Colonists (Puritans) to America
  • 2. EXPANSION DIFFUSION
  • Idea starts in a source area
  • Stays strong there while spreading outward
  • Islam start (Hearth) in Saudi Arabia

18
2 forms of EXP. DIFF.
  • CONTAGIOUS DIFFUSION
  • Something transmitted over space because people
    who carry it are close to each other
  • (Common Cold)

19
Form 1
20
  • 2. HIERARCHIAL DIFFUSION
  • Element diffuses through those who are
    SUSPECTIBLE to it (hits certain groups, leapfrogs
    others).
  • HIV spreads in cities first and fast, but only
    among certain populations
  • (gay pop., drug users, hemophiliacs, unprotected
    sex)

21
Form 2
22
Diffusion of Islam
23
Through Diffusion Contact
  • Acculturation One culture dominates the other
  • Weaker adopts more from dominant
  • Assimilation Total domination of stronger
    culture
  • Weaker culture usually erased

24
A fair trade
  • Transculturation A more even exchange between
    cultures
  • Both cultures are sources and adopters

25
Causes for movement
  • PUSH FACTORS
  • Something that forces you out of the place where
    you are
  • Usually a negative
  • Storm wrecks your house, forces you to move
    elsewhere
  • Persecution

26
  • PULL FACTORS
  • Something that attracts you to go to another
    place
  • Warm weather in FLA
  • Job opportunity in NY

27
Remember!!!!
  • YOU ARE WHERE YOU ARE!
  • PUSH and PULL FACTORS are NOT PRO CON
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