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Episcopalian Church


Episcopalian Church By: Tim Zellmer & Travis Birklid – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Episcopalian Church

Episcopalian Church
  • By Tim Zellmer
  • Travis Birklid

  • History of Episcopalian Church
  • Structure of the Episcopalian Church
  • Episcopalian Faith
  • Community Life
  • Our Experience at St. Marys Episcopalian Church

Episcopalian History
  • Canterbury first diocese of Church of England
  • Created by St. Augustine first archbishop
  • Built in 597 Oldest Dioceses of the Church of
  • Symbol of Anglican Unity

Episcopalian History
The 16th Century- Reformation in England
  • The Reformation in England called for a gradual
  • Part of Reforming the Catholic Church was
    establishing new institutions
  • Brought on the possibility of new ideas and

Episcopalian History
The 16th Century- Reformation in England
  • King Henry VIII- Originally Devout Catholic and
    defender of the faith.
  • Through marriage, connections, and offspring,
    this would change
  • 1509- Married Catherine of Aragon
  • talked with Thomas Cranmer about marriage
  • Cranmer believed in Martin Luthers ways
  • Cranmer and King Henry became good friends
  • Cranmer became Archbishop of Canterbury

Episcopalian History
The 16th Century- Reformation in England
  • King Henry married Anne Boleyn in 1533
  • Together produced daughter Elizabeth
  • King Henry sought for male heir to throne but
    Anne couldnt produce
  • Cranmer annulled another marriage
  • King Henry married Jane Seymour in 1536
  • Together produced son Edward
  • Finally a male heir to the throne

Episcopalian History
The 16th Century- Reformation in England
  • Edward took the throne in 1547 at the age of nine
  • During his reign England gradually moved towards
    a more radical Protestantism
  • In 1549 and 1552 Edward mandated books of Common
    Prayer, which were largely authored by Cranmer
  • July 6th, 1553, Edward dies at the age of 15 from
  • No male heir to throne
  • Elizabeth I (from marriage to Anne Boleyn) took
    throne in 1558
  • Established Anglicanism as the official church of

Episcopalian History
The 17th Century- Making Ground
  • Church of England in controversy with Puritans of
    Church of England and Roman Catholics
  • Richard Hooker looks to resolve conflict with
    Three Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity
  • The Anglican Middle Way
  • The Three Legged Stool
  • Sacramental Sharing in divine life through Gods
    incarnation in Jesus

Episcopalian History
The 17th Century- Making Ground
  • The Anglican Middle Way Hooker determined that
    the church could maintain stability with the past
    while accommodating changes that a new situation
    might require, thus creating Anglicanism- a way
    between the extremes of radical Protestantism and
    Roman Catholicism.
  • The Three Legged Stool Hooker stated that
    scripture is the oracle of God. Since it is
    read for human reasoning in the context of a
    tradition of worship and belief, people learn
    about God through scripture, tradition, and
  • Sacramental Sharing in the Divine Life Hooker
    emphasized the importance of Incarnation in
    Anglican theology. Through God taking on human
    form He gave holiness to the world, allowed
    people to become part of the divine life, and He
    gave the basis for Baptism and Eucharist, where
    people become the children of God.

Episcopalian History
The 18th Century- Revolution
  • The effects on America (the colonies)-
  • Colonization of America- brought Anglicanism to
    the colonies in hope of separation from monarchy
    control of church
  • At start of Revolution, Anglicanism is second
    largest religion
  • Through revolution, not only gained control of
    colonies from England but control of own religion
    as well
  • 1789- Brought on new independent church with own
    church government and own book of Common Prayer
  • The new principles adopted by the Episcopal
    Churches in the United States
  • Three-fold ministry of bishops, priests, and

Episcopalian History
The 18th Century- Revolution
  • The new principles adopted by the Episcopal
    Churches in the United States
  • Three-fold ministry of bishops, priests, and
  • Determined that the church would be ruled by
    government of clergy and laity councils
  • Said that the American Church would be new form
    of the Church of England

Episcopalian History
The 19th Century- Movements
  • Three major movements-
  • Evangelical Movement
  • Catholic Revival
  • Broad Church Movement

Episcopalian History
The 19th Century- Movements
  • Evangelical Movement
  • Large focus on missionary work
  • Decided to send bishops as missionaries
  • Other large movements of the time
  • Social reform
  • Care for the poor
  • Personal Reform
  • Heavy focus on the education of slaves

Episcopalian History
The 19th Century- Movements
  • Catholic Revival
  • This called for a return to the practices of the
    ancient church with emphasis on
  • The church as a divine society in its sacramental
    relationship with God through Eucharist and
  • The church as the extension of the incarnation
    and being connected to the spiritual presence of
    the incarnate Christ
  • Realign the church with the doctrinal traditions
    of the first centuries

Episcopalian History
The 19th Century- Movements
  • The Broad Church Movement
  • A time of crisis and question in the Episcopalian
  • Questions arose about miracles and creation of
  • Was there a real flood? A real Exodus? Did God
    create humans or was Darwin correct?
  • The best answer to these questions lied in a
    major publication called Lux Mundi A Series of
    Studies in the Religion of the Incarnation
  • Emphasized the Incarnate God
  • Revealed the strong sense that God has had
    through history of the world

HistoryMN Diocese
  • Created 148 years ago
  • Bishop Henry Benjamin Whipple
  • Popular with Native Americans
  • Baptized at Fort Snelling
  • Bishop of the MN Diocese today James Louis

  • 2.3 million members of Episcopal Church
  • In Communion with Anglican Church
  • 80 million Anglican members
  • 164 countries globally
  • 37 provinces worldwide
  • U.S.
  • South America
  • Africa
  • Europe

  • Minneapolis, MN
  • 1st Hmong Episcopalian Church in World
  • Talks about creating 1st parish in Thailand
  • Created Nov. 3, 2005
  • St. Marks Cathedral
  • Rev. Dr. Winfred Vergara
  • 600 members175 are baptized

  • Parish
  • Dioceses
  • Province
  • National Church
  • Episcopal Church is Autonomous
  • There are elected leaders, but no ONE person is
    considered the leader like the R.C. the Pope.

Governance/Structure Parish
  • Rector
  • Self sustaining church
  • Means ruler in latin
  • Vicor
  • Non-sustaining churchmissionary
  • Means one who represents another
  • Vestry
  • Elected officials
  • Manage finance and property of church
  • Wardens chair and vice chair
  • Have annual Parish Meetings

Governance/Structure Dioceses
  • Latin word Dioecesis
  • Means Administration
  • Territory of land that contains 20-200 parishes
  • Directed by Bishop and Diocesan Council

Governance/Structure National Church
  • Headed by executive council and Presiding Bishop
  • Considered chief Reverend
  • Visits every diocese
  • Consults bishops and diocesan reps

Governance/Structure National Church
  • Hold General Convention every 3 years
  • Made up of 2 houses
  • House of Bishops every bishop
  • House of deputies 4 lay and 4 clergy from each
  • 2003 General convention, Minneapolis
  • Major issue first gay bishop elected
  • Bishop Gene Robinson
  • 2006 General convention
  • Major issue 2 candidates for bishop are a
    lesbian and a gay man

Service book
  • Book of Common Prayer
  • Rite II
  • Passages from Bible
  • Lectionaries
  • Daily office
  • Holy Eucharist
  • Creeds
  • Apostles Creed
  • Nicene Creed
  • Athanasian Creed isnt used much
  • Catechisms
  • Summary of religious doctrine
  • Early test for converts memorized before
    baptism or confirmed
  • Today used as a tool to study the churchs
    doctrine and faith

Service Book
  • Calendar for Church
  • Liturgies for
  • Special days
  • Holy Baptism
  • Holy eucharist
  • Pastoral Offices
  • Episcopal Services
  • 4 daily liturgies used

Service Book Table of Context
  • Book of Common Prayer Table of Context
  • The Daily Office (p. 37)
  • The Great Litany (p. 148)
  • The Collects Traditional (p. 159)
  • The Collects Contemporary (p. 211)
  • Proper Liturgies for Special Days (p. 264)
  • Holy Baptism (p. 299)
  • Holy Eucharist (p. 316)
  • Pastoral Offices (p. 413)
  • Episcopal Services (p. 511)
  • The Psalters or Psalms of David (p. 585)
  • Prayers and Thanksgiving (p. 810)
  • An Outline of Faith or Catechism (p. 845)
  • Historical Documents of the Church (p. 864)
  • Tables for Finding the Date of Easter (p. 880)
  • The Lectionary (p. 888)
  • Daily Office Lectionary (p. 934)

Paschal Year
  • Advent
  • 2 Advents
  • Jesus coming as an infantbirth
  • Jesus 2nd coming in glory
  • Christmas
  • Celebrate the birth of Jesus the incarnation
  • Lent
  • Prepare for Easter
  • Period for repentence
  • Easter

Paschal Year Colors
  • Advent-Purple/blue
  • Christmas-White
  • Epiphany-Green
  • Lent-Purple
  • Easter-White
  • Pentecost-Red
  • Everyday-Green

Episcopalian Faith
  • Put emphasis on the Trinity
  • Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
  • Use of Trinitarian Framework
  • Focus on the creation, incarnation, and
    sacramental universe
  • Seen in art and architecture ex-triptyche

  • Believe in the 7 sacraments
  • 2 performed by Christ
  • Baptism
  • Communion
  • 5 sacrament rites
  • Reconcilliation
  • Confirmation
  • Marriage
  • Ordination
  • Unction

Initiation Baptism
  • Held on special days
  • Easter Vigil most popular
  • Day of Pentecost
  • All Saints Day
  • Baptism of our Lord
  • Visit from Bishop
  • Held in the middle of worship service
  • Front and Center

Initiation Baptism
  • Baptism allows you to participate in the
  • Dont need to be re-baptized into the
    Episcopalian Church
  • Infant and Adult baptisms
  • Adult becoming more prevalent
  • Infants sometimes dressed in Christening Gowns

Initiation Baptism
-Hmong Baptism believe its at -Infant
baptism in Edina St. Marks Cathedral
Initiation Confirmation
  • Is the coming forward and individual commitment
    to live in the Christian faith
  • Mature affirmation of faith
  • Bishops confirm or receive new members
  • Annual visit
  • Sign up and attend courses12
  • Age High School

Initiation Eucharist
  • Must be baptized
  • Every Sunday
  • Unlevened wafers
  • Red Wine
  • Belief Do not believe in Transubstiation but
    rather in Mystery
  • Jesus is present spiritually transforms bread
    into the spiritual presences of Jesus
  • Beyond human comprehension
  • Better we believe and trust Him

Initiation Eucharist
  • Form
  • extend hands, right cupped over the left
  • Receive and eat the bread
  • Lightly hold cup
  • Sip
  • Dunk bread
  • Cross arms if you do not want wine
  • Receive prayer or blessing instead

  • At least one member must be baptized
  • Unity Candle isnt typical, but can be used
  • Belief
  • Divorce Doesnt cut you off from God
  • R.C.-dont acknowledge divorce, remarriage is
    adultery, cant receive communion afterwards
  • Remarriage acceptable

  • Anointing with Holy Oil
  • It is sacramental in that through the oil (the
    outward sign) a person is made aware of the
    special Grace of God working in his/her life (the
    spiritual grace). It is most often used for
    healing a person who is sick in mind, body, or
    spirit (healing refers to the acceptance of the
    sick person of God's will and purpose for him
    during the uncertainty of illness).

  • Some should, all may, no one MUST go to
  • You should if you break any of the 10
    commandments, as long as you are truly sorry
  • If you do usually during lent or advent
  • Ash Wednesday and Good Friday
  • Every worship Public confession
  • Kneel/stand and admit things we should have done
    and things we have left undone

  • Performed only by Bishops
  • Ordination is the rite in which God gives
    authority and the grace of the Holy Spirit to
    those being made bishops, priests, and deacons,
    through prayer and the laying on of hands by

Our Experience St. Marys Episcopalian Church
  • 1895 Laurel Ave. St. Paul, MN 55104
  • The Reverend LeeAnne Watkins
  • about 250 members
  • Established 120 years ago
  • In 1925 moved to current location

St. Marys Floorplan
Our Visual Experience
  • Placement
  • Altar placed far back in sanctuary (2 Altars)
  • Second altar on Epistle Side
  • Lectern on Epistle Side (1 Lectern)
  • Elevated and extended towards congregation
  • Presidential Chair (Bishops Chair) (1 Chair)
  • Epistle side of Sanctuary
  • Baptistery (One Baptismal Font)
  • Baptismal font isolated on Epistle side

Our Visual Experience
  • Placement
  • Creedence Table
  • Located on right side of altar against the wall,
  • Choir Seating
  • Pews reserved in chancel
  • Musical Instruments
  • Organ, located in chancel across from choir
  • Bell choir, Gospel side wing

Our Visual Experience
  • Places of reservation
  • Sanctuary during Eucharist
  • Reverend, Acolytes, Chalice bearer
  • Pews for the choir
  • Area for Bell Choir

Our Visual Experience
  • Usage
  • Sanctuary
  • Eucharist
  • Chancel
  • Music, Readings, Sermon
  • Baptistery
  • Baptism

Our Visual Experience
  • Vesture
  • Acolytes wearing albs
  • Priest wearing alb and chasuble
  • For Eucharist
  • Choir wearing blue robes

Our Visual Experience
  • Importance
  • Baptistery, has separate space reserved for the
    special occasion, Marble font
  • Altar, Elevated by sets of stairs
  • Scale
  • Everything was human scale

Our Visual Experience
  • Assembly Space
  • Priests and choir located in elevated chancel
  • Laity standing or sitting in pews of nave
  • Movement
  • Pews promote standing or sitting and little
  • Central Aisle promotes movement of many
    activities, preaching, Gospel reading, Eucharist,
    opening procession

Our Acoustic Experience
  • Language
  • English
  • Relationship with language and music
  • Music clarifies service
  • i.e. Psalm reading was sung as an Antiphon
  • Ritual Interaction
  • Antiphonal chant during Eucharist
  • Accessibility
  • no professional skills required, easy to sing
    along with

Our Acoustic Experience
  • Form
  • Traditional Hymns and Psalmody
  • Style
  • Traditional church music
  • Chants, Antiphons
  • Timbre
  • Organ

Our Acoustic Experience
  • Primacy
  • Reinforces Eucharist
  • Psalm reading
  • Congregation involved
  • Complexity
  • Organ accompaniment

Our Kinetic Experience
  • Posture
  • Frequent Standing
  • Sitting
  • Sermon, Readings, Offering, Eucharist
  • Kneeling
  • Prayers of the People, while receiving communion
  • Actions
  • Sharing the Peace
  • Eucharist

Our Kinetic Experience
  • Procession and Dance
  • Opening Procession
  • Crucifer, twinkle bells, Acolytes, Choir,
    Reverend holding up Book of Common Prayer
  • Gesture
  • Shaking of hands for Sharing Peace
  • Receiving Communion
  • Right hand cupped over left hand

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