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IMO: Mitigating air pollution from ships Oceans Day Copenhagen 14 December 2009

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... sewage and garbage ... ship emissions may ... (Energy Efficiency Design Index EEDI) Operational measures (Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IMO: Mitigating air pollution from ships Oceans Day Copenhagen 14 December 2009


1
IMO Mitigating air pollution from
shipsOceans Day Copenhagen 14 December 2009
Karin Sjolin-Frudd Senior Adviser Marine
Environment Division International Maritime
Organization
1
2
The International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • A specialized agency of the United Nations
    established in 1948 working since 1958
  • 169 Member States
  • Mandated to develop and maintain a comprehensive
    regulatory framework for all aspects of shipping
    - 51 treaty instruments
  • Safety, environment, legal matters, technical
    co-operation, maritime security, seafarers
    training and certification and efficiency of
    shipping  

2
3
IMOs environmental work
  • Up to 1990s the main emphasis was on prevention
    and control of pollution by oil, chemicals,
    sewage and garbage
  • From then on
  • regulatory work expanded to atmospheric
    protection prevention of air pollution and
    reduction of GHG emissions
  • With the aim of protecting human health, reducing
    ocean acidification and combatting climate change

4
IMOs roleFocus on environment
  • 51 treaty instruments
  • 21 directly environment related
  • 23 if environmental aspects of the Salvage and
    Wreck Removal Conventions are included

5
Reduction in serious oil spills (source ITOPF)
6
Air pollution prevention
  • MARPOL Annex VI
  • Adopted in 1997
  • Regulates emissions of SOx, NOx and VOCs
  • . MARPOL Annex VI revised
  • Annex VI adopted in 2008, entry into force in
    2010
  • Requires drastic and progressive reductions in
    NOx and SOx (and therefore in particulate matter)
  • Emission Control Areas (ECAs)

7
IMOS WORK ON GHG EMISSIONSSummary of Second GHG
Study 2009
  • Carbon dioxide is the most important GHG emitted
    by ships
  • International shipping 2.7 of the global
    anthropogenic CO2
  • With no regulations, ship emissions may increase
    significantly as shipping grows with world trade
    ACT NOW

7
8
IMOS WORK ON GHG EMISSIONS
  • The Marine Environment Protection Committee
    (MEPC) has developed
  • Technical measures (Energy Efficiency Design
    Index EEDI)
  • Operational measures (Ship Energy Efficiency
    Management Plan SEEMP and Energy Efficiency
    Operational Indicator EEOI)
  • And is considering a number of market-based
    mechanisms for further development.
  • IMO is READY to take regulatory action on the
    technical and operational measures in 2010,
    provided

8
9
  • IMO OBJECTIVES AT COP 15
  • THAT UNFCCC PARTIES CONTINUE ENTRUSTING IMO WITH
    THE REGULATION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM
    INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING AND
  • THAT THE SUBSEQUENT IMO REGULATORY REGIME BE
    APPLIED TO ALL SHIPS

10
You are welcome to visit our exhibition booth at
the Bella Centre for more material and
informationTHANK YOU
www.imo.org
10
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