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TENSES There are six tenses in English German

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TENSES There are six tenses in English + German present tense: I sing. Ich singe. simple past: I sang. Ich sang. present perfect: I have sung. Ich habe gesungen – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TENSES There are six tenses in English German


1
TENSESThere are six tenses in English German
  • present tense
  • I sing.
  • Ich singe.
  • simple past
  • I sang.
  • Ich sang.
  • present perfect
  • I have sung.
  • Ich habe gesungen
  • past perfect
  • I had sung.
  • Ich hatte gesungen.
  • future
  • I will sing.
  • Ich werde singen.
  • future perfect
  • I will have sung.
  • Ich werde gesungen haben.

2
to form the present perfect tense in German you
need
  • an auxilliary verb
  • HABEN or SEIN
  • as a rule HABEN is
  • used. SEIN is used with
  • intransitive verbs
  • indicating a change of
  • position or condition
  • and the verbs
  • sein
  • bleiben
  • the past participle
  • a. regular verbs
  • ge stem (e)t
  • kaufen gekauft
  • kosten gekostet
  • b. irregular verbs
  • ge special forme n
  • kommen gekommen
  • nehmen genommen

3
  • There are some small irregularities in forming
  • the past participle in German
  • 1. verbs ending in - ieren
  • studieren studiert
  • gratulieren gratuliert
  • 2. verbs with an inseparable prefix
  • erzählen erzählt
  • verstehen verstanden
  • 3. verbs with a separable prefix
  • abreisen abgereist
  • ankommen angekommen

4
... and there is absolutely no alternative to
memorizing the irregular past participles
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