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Present, Past, and Future Tense

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Present, Past, and Future Tense PRESENT: I talk. Talk is the present tense of the verb. It shows I talk now. PAST: I talked Talked is the past tense of the verb. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Present, Past, and Future Tense


1
  • Present, Past, and Future Tense
  • PRESENT I talk.
  • Talk is the present tense of the verb. It shows
    I talk now.
  • PAST I talked
  • Talked is the past tense of the verb. It shows I
    talked in the past
  • I will talk tomorrow.
  • Will talk is the future tense of the verb. It
    shows I will talk in the future.

2
  • Past Participle
  • This is used with the helping verbs have, has, or
    had to form three perfect tenses.

Present Past Past participle (has, have, had) Present participle (am, is are, was, were)
go went gone going
see saw seen seeing
do/does did done doing
drink drank drunk drinking
come came come coming
eat ate eaten eating
begin began begun beginning
run ran run running
swim swam swum swimming
speak spoke spoken speaking
3
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Lets look at some examples
  • I have talked all morning.
  • She has talked to me all morning.
  • BIG CLUE Present perfect tenses use the helping
    verb HAVE or HAS with a PAST TENSE VERB.
  • This shows the present perfect tense.
  • The action started in the past but is still going
    on now or has recently been finished.

4
Tense Review Present Perfect
  • Present Perfect Use the present perfect tense
    for an action that happened in the past but has
    continued into the present. To show this tense,
    you use the helping verb have or has.
  • Example I have lived in Mississippi for ten
    years.
  • It is clear to the reader that the speaker still
    lives in Mississippi. Use have or has with a
    verb to show that the action continues.

have lived
past
future
present
5
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • I had talked all morning.
  • BIG CLUE Past perfect tenses use the helping
    verb HAD with a PAST TENSE VERB.
  • This shows the past perfect tense.
  • The action started in the past and was finished
    in the past.
  • Its over!
  • Its past!

6
Tense Review Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect Use the past perfect tense for an
    action that happened in the past, and you need to
    show which happened before the other. To show
    this tense, you use the helping verb had.
  • Example When I saw you yesterday, I had lost my
    keys.
  • Saw is past tense, but the losing came before the
    seeing, so you show the first action by using had.

Lost keys
Saw you
past
future
present
7
  • Future Perfect Tense
  • By noon, I will have talked all morning.
  • BIG CLUE Future perfect tenses use the helping
    verb WILL HAVE or SHALL HAVE with a PAST TENSE
    VERB.
  • This shows the future perfect tense.
  • The action will start soon and continue into the
    future.
  • It will stop at a specific time.

8
Tense Review Perfect Tenses
  • Future Perfect For two future actions, show
    that on action will happen before the other one
    by using the helping verbs will have.
  • Example By the end of the year, you will have
    studied Julius Caesar.
  • This year will end in the future, but before it
    does, you will have read the play.

Study play
End of the year
past
future
present
9
Tense Review Progressive Tenses
  • Progressive Verb Tenses verb tenses that use
    the -ing form of a verb with a helping verb
  • Uses am, is, are was, were, will be, have been,
    has been, or will have been with
  • ing form of the verb

10
Tense Review Progressive Tenses
  • Progressive Past was running
  • Progressive Present is running
  • Progressive Future will be running
  • Progressive Past Perfect had been running
  • Progressive Present Perfect have been running
    or has been running
  • Progressive Future Perfect will have been running

11
Tense Review Emphatic Tenses
  • Emphatic Verb Tense uses helping verbs do, does,
    did
  • It is used 3 ways
  • to emphasize a statement
  • to ask a question
  • to give a negative statement using not

12
Tense Review Emphatic Tenses
  • Present Emphatic
  • I do like spaghetti.
  • Do you like spaghetti?
  • He does like spaghetti.
  • Past Emphatic
  • I did enjoy the movie.
  • Did Shawn enjoy the movie?
  • He did enjoy the movie.

13
  • Practice
  • Write past, present, or future perfect for each.
  • Emily will have played the piano for Grandma all
    morning.
  • My class had painted our murals
  • Rosemary will have walked past my house going to
    school.
  • I had learned to fish by watching Uncle Dan.

14
  • Practice
  • Write past, present, or future perfect for each.
  • You will have jumped off the diving board.
  • The parrot has chirped to tell me a story.
  • Jacob and Sue had skipped the bus stop.
  • Mrs. Zellers classes have bounced on the moon
    bounce today.

15
Practice page 309 (1-10)
  • 1. Rosita ___ glasses for years before she got
    contact lenses.
  • wears
  • will wear
  • has worn
  • had worn
  • 2. She ___ here ten years but will move next
    month.
  • lives
  • has lived
  • will live
  • had lived
  • 3. By tomorrow, the detective ___ the mystery.
  • Solved
  • Solves
  • Has solved
  • Will have solved
  • 4. On the last completed project, they ___for a
    month.

16
Practice page 309 (1-10)
  • 6. Becky ___ for a month but will not finish for
    three more months.
  • Has written
  • Wrote
  • Had written
  • Will have written
  • 7. By this time next week, I ___ my work.
  • Complete
  • Have completed
  • Will complete
  • Will have completed
  • 8. By the time I shoveled the driveway, an inch
    of new snow ___.
  • Falls
  • Has fallen
  • Had fallen
  • Will have fallen
  • 9. By next July, I ___ a hundred dollars.
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