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Understanding verb tense

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Understanding verb tense What are the verb tenses? Present and present perfect Past and past perfect Future and future perfect Consistency of tense – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Understanding verb tense


1
Understanding verb tense
What are the verb tenses? Present and present
perfect Past and past perfect Future and future
perfect Consistency of tense Review A Review B
2
Timeline
  • Draw a timeline on page 46 of your life. List 5-8
    events on the time line.
  • Make sure you list your future graduation date!

GraduatedHigh school 2005
1st time on Air plane 2001
Was Born 1987
Started Teaching at SJHS 2013
Started high School 2001
Started School 1991
Daughter is Born 2007
3
What are the verb tenses?
Verbs do a lot of work in sentences. They show
actions and states of being. They even take
different forms to show time.
flies
flew
will fly
4
Verb Tense
  • The tense of a verb indicates the time of the
    action or state of being expressed by the verb
  • Draw another time line and label it accordingly

Present
Future
Past
5
Now, label the timeline with the verbs. Place in
them on the correct spot on the timeline.
.
flies
flew
will fly
6
What are the verb tenses?Present and present
perfect
The present tense expresses an action or a state
of being that is occurring now, at the present
time.
Today we honor our veterans.
7
What are the verb tenses?Present and present
perfect
The present perfect tense
  • is usually formed using the helping verb have or
    has plus the past participle

Mike has been in several parades.
He has played the drums in all of them.
8
What are the verb tenses?Past and past perfect
The past tense- action that occurs in the past.
The two friends shared the large swing.
9
What are the verb tenses?Past and past perfect
The past perfect tense
  • is usually formed using had plus the past
    participle

After Maria had gone home, Kim was bored.
She asked her dad about the time that he had been
a lifeguard at the beach.
10
What are the verb tenses?Future and future
perfect
The future tense
  • expresses an action or a state of being that will
    occur
  • is usually formed using will or shall plus the
    verb

My family will ride the train to Chicago.
11
What are the verb tenses?
We can also express future action in other ways.
Grammar Gal Says...
We are going to make our own costumes.
They are about to begin the awards ceremony.
I have a test tomorrow.
12
What are the verb tenses?Future and future
perfect
The future perfect tense
  • is usually formed using will have or shall have
    plus the past participle

By the time you receive this letter, she will
have returned home.
After this trip, he will have been to Chicago
three times.
13
What are the verb tenses?
Identify the tense of each verb in bold. Be
prepared to explain the difference in meaning
between the sentences.
1. Lia will begin the yard work later.
2. Jamie lived there for three years.
3. Some of the girls were practicing karate.
14
What are the verb tenses?
Identify the tense of each verb in bold. Be
prepared to explain the difference in meaning
between the sentences in each pair.
1. Lia will begin the yard work later.
future tense
Expresses an action (beginning the yard work)
that will occur in the future (later).
15
What are the verb tenses?
Identify the tense of each verb in bold. Be
prepared to explain the difference in meaning
between the sentences in each pair.
2. Jamie lived there for three years.
past tense
The action (lived) occurred in the past and did
not continue into the present.
16
What are the verb tenses?
Identify the tense of each verb in bold. Be
prepared to explain the difference in meaning
between the sentences in each pair.
3. Some of the girls have practiced karate.
present perfect tense
The action (practiced) occurred in the past and
continues into the present.
17
What are the verb tenses?
On Your Own
Change the tense of the verb in each sentence, as
indicated in parentheses. 1. I do not miss the
bus. (Change to future.) 2. Were they at the
party? (Change to past perfect.) 3. By then,
Keith had returned. (Change to future
perfect.) 4. My sister dances well. (Change to
past.)
End of Section
18
What are the verb tenses?
Answers
  • Change the tense of the verb in each sentence, as
    indicated in parentheses.
  • 1. I do not miss the bus. (Change to future.)
  • 2. Were they at the party? (Change to past
    perfect.)
  • By then, Keith had returned. (Change to future
    perfect.)

1. I will not miss the bus.
2. Had they been at the party?
3. By then, Keith will have returned.
4. My sister danced well.
19
Consistency of tense
Do not change needlessly from one tense to
another.
To describe events that occur at the same time,
use verbs in the same tense.
past tense
future tense
Sara peeked over the fence and she will see a
cornfield.
present tense
present tense
Sara peeks over the fence and sees a cornfield.
20
Consistency of tense
Change each sentence to make the verb tense
consistent. Be prepared to explain your answers.
Hint One sentence is already correct (C).
1. Kira caught the ball and throws it to first
base.
2. Lily lives next door now but will soon move to
another town.
3. My cousin has broken his leg, so I helped him
get around.
21
Consistency of tense
Change each sentence to make the verb tense
consistent. Be prepared to explain your answers.
Hint One sentence is already correct (C).
Possible Answer
1. Kira caught the ball and threw it to first
base.
The actions occur at the same time, so the verbs
should both be in the same tense.
22
Consistency of tense
Change each sentence to make the verb tense
consistent. Be prepared to explain your answers.
Hint One sentence is already correct (C).
2. Lily lives next door now but will soon move to
another town.
C
The action of living takes place now, but the
action of moving will happen later.
23
Consistency of tense
Change each sentence to make the verb tense
consistent. Be prepared to explain your answers.
Hint One sentence is already correct (C).
Possible Answer
3. My cousin had broken his leg, so I helped him
get around.
The action of breaking the leg happened before
the action of helping.
24
Consistency of tense
On Your Own
Proofread the paragraph for unnecessary changes
of verb tense. Change the verbs to make the
tenses consistent. (1) I was in my room
Saturday morning, planning to study for two
hours. (2) To my surprise, Nancy Chang drops by.
(3) She dashed into the house, runs up the
stairs, and calls my name. (4) What she wanted
was a fishing companion. (5) As I get my fishing
gear together, I was so happy. (6) On our way to
the lake, we notice some dark clouds. (7) We
wished we checked the weather first.
End of Section
25
Consistency of tense
Possible Answers
(1) I was in my room Saturday morning, planning
to study for two hours. (2) To my surprise, Nancy
Chang drops by. (3) She dashed into the house,
runs up the stairs, and calls my name. (4) What
she wanted was a fishing companion. (5) As I get
my fishing gear together, I was so happy. (6) On
our way to the lake, we notice some dark clouds.
(7) We wished we checked the weather first.
ran
dropped
called
got
noticed
had
26
Review A
Change the tense of each boldface verb to the
tense indicated in parentheses.
1. The otter swam to the edge of the pond.
(present perfect)
2. The three sisters regularly meet for lunch.
(past)
3. Each student chooses a lab partner. (past
perfect)
4. Wasps were entering the house through the torn
screen. (present)
27
Review A
Change the tense of each boldface verb to the
tense indicated in parentheses.
1. The otter has swum to the edge of the pond.
(present perfect)
2. The three sisters regularly met for lunch.
(past)
3. Each student has chosen a lab partner. (past
perfect)
4. Wasps enter the house through the torn screen.
(present)
28
Goal Reflection
  • What is verb tense?
  • What words indicate youre in perfect tense?
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