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Overview of the Six Kingdoms

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Overview of the Six Kingdoms Vocabulary Which term means one-celled? Many-celled? multicellular unicellular Which term means that the organism produces its own food? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of the Six Kingdoms


1
Overview of the Six Kingdoms
2
Vocabulary
  • Which term means one-celled? Many-celled?
  • multicellular
  • unicellular
  • Which term means that the organism produces its
    own food? Consumes food?
  • autotroph
  • heterotroph

3
Vocabulary
  • Prokaryotic describes an organism with cells
    that have a cell membrane but do NOT have a
    nuclear membrane
  • Eukaryotic describes an organism with cells
    that have a cell membrane and a nuclear membrane

4
Vocabulary
  • Autotrophic makes its own food
  • Heterotrophic gets nutrients from the food it
    consumes

5
List of the Three Domains and the Six Kingdoms
  • 1. Domain Bacteria
  • Kingdom Eubacteria
  • 2. Domain Archaea
  • Kingdom Archaebacteria
  • 3. Domain Eukarya
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Plantae
  • Kingdom Animalia

6
Domain Eubacteria
  • Bacteria can live in many places on earth,
    inhabiting a wide variety of habitats, including
    other organisms
  • Unicellular
  • Prokaryotic
  • Autotrophic or heterotrophic
  • Thick cells walls with peptidoglycan

7
Domain Eubacteria
  • Bacteria come in different shapes, such as round,
    spiral and rod-shaped.

8
Domain Eubacteria
  • Bacteria can cause a wide variety of diseases,
    such as strep throat, food poisoning and the
    Black Death (bubonic plague of the Middle Ages)

9
Domain Eubacteria
  • Bacteria also play an important role in
    decomposition, nitrogen fixation and human
    digestion (E. coli)

Soybean root containing billions of bacteria
10
Domain Eubacteria
  • Procholorococcus an autotrophic bacterium
    What does that mean about how it gets its
    nutrients?

11
Domain Eubacteria
  • Bacteria from an Nitrifying Trickle Filter (NTF)
    stained with acridene orange.  The stain makes
    DNA appear yellow and RNA appear orange.

12
Domain Archaebacteria
  • Bacteria that live in extreme habitats, such as
    hot springs, geysers, volcanic hot pools, brine
    pools, black smokers
  • Unicellular
  • Prokaryotic
  • Autotrophic or heterotrophic
  • Cell walls without peptidoglycan

13
Domain Archaebacteria
Morning Glory Pool in Yellowstone National Park
note the bright colors from the archaebacteria
growing in the extremely hot water.
14
Domain Archaebacteria
  • Some like it hot! Bacillus infernus

15
Domain Archaebacteria
  • Archaebacteria can live deep in the ocean near
    geothermal vents called black smokers
  • There is no light, so they carry out
    chemosynthesis instead of photosynthesis

16
Kingdom Protista
  • Extremely diverse group
  • Eukaryotic
  • Most unicellular, some colonial, some
    multicellular
  • Autotrophic and heterotrophic
  • Some with cell walls containing cellulose some
    carry out photosynthesis with chloroplasts

17
Kingdom Protista
Euglena - autotrophic
Volvox a colonial protist
A slime mold
Amoeba - heterotrophic
18
Kingdom Fungi
  • Eukaryotic
  • Most are multicellular
  • Heterotrophic (decomposers)
  • Cell walls made of chitin

19
Kingdom Fungi
Stilton cheese
Bread mold
20
Kingdom Plantae
  • Eukaryotic
  • Multicellular
  • Autotrophic
  • Cell wall of cellulose chloroplasts present

21
Kingdom Plantae
22
Kingdom Animalia
  • Eukaryotic
  • Multicellular
  • Heterotrophic
  • No cell walls, no chloroplasts

23
Kingdom Animalia
Flatworm
Sponge
Jellyfish
Octopus
Coral snake
Bear
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