DATA SOURCES ON PERSONS IN NEED OF INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION Refugees, asylum-seekers, internallly displaced and stateless persons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – DATA SOURCES ON PERSONS IN NEED OF INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION Refugees, asylum-seekers, internallly displaced and stateless persons PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7138a2-ZTVmN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

DATA SOURCES ON PERSONS IN NEED OF INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION Refugees, asylum-seekers, internallly displaced and stateless persons

Description:

Title: IDP PROFILING IN SOMALIA Author: UNHCR Last modified by: laptop Created Date: 5/6/2008 8:57:41 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:77
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: UNH70
Learn more at: http://www.unece.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: DATA SOURCES ON PERSONS IN NEED OF INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION Refugees, asylum-seekers, internallly displaced and stateless persons


1
DATA SOURCES ON PERSONS IN NEED OF INTERNATIONAL
PROTECTIONRefugees, asylum-seekers, internallly
displaced and stateless persons
  • Khassoum DIALLO
  • Snr Statistician
  • UNHCR
  • UNECE-UNFPA workshop on migration statistics,
    Istanbul 6-8 December 2010

2
OUTLINE
  • CONTEXT MIGRATION ASYLUM NEXUS
  • REFUGEES A COMPONENT OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
  • UNHCR MANDATE ON REPORTING REFUGEES,
    ASYLUM-SEEKERS AND STATELESS PERSONS
  • SCOPE OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT
  • DATA SOURCES FOR MEASURING FORCED DISPLACEMENT
  • FOCUS ON ADMINSTRATIVE SOURCES
  • CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

3
CONTEXT
  • Migration-asylum nexus UNHCR 10-point plan and
    the MEDSTAT MED-HIMS project
  • Cluster approach Need for better data
  • Results-Based Management
  • Performance monitoring and accountability UNHCR,
    Governments and Donors.
  • Advocacy for evidence based decision making.

4
UNHCRs protection mandate Basis for statistical
reporting
  • Refugees
  • 1950 Statute of the Office of the UNHCR
  • 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of
    Refugees
  • 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees
  • States parties shall provide UNHCR with
    statistical information on the number and
    conditions of refugees in their countries . The
    UNHCR shall collect data on refugees and report.
  • Stateless persons (refugees non-refugees)
  • 1954 Convention relating to the Status of
    Stateless persons
  • 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness
  • ExCom conclusions
  • Collection and reporting of information on
    Statelessness.
  • Internally displaced persons (IDPs)
  • Request from Security Council/Secretary-General
  • UN reform on IDP issues Interagency Cluster
    approach
  • Primary responsibility of collecting information
    on IDPs lies with Cluster leads. UNHCR is cluster
    lead for Protection, Camp Coordination and
    Management and Emergency Shelter.

5
ARE REFUGEES INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS?
  • YES
  • They crossed international border
  • Citizen from another country / change of usual
    place of residence
  • Duration of stay can be decades in protracted
    situations
  • UN Recommendations
  • What is specific to refugees vs other migrants
  • Legal perspective (1951 convention,
    non-refoulement, rights of refugees)
    international human rights etc.
  • Different treatment by asylum states
  • Data protection and confidentiality

6
SCOPE OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT
  • GENERAL MIGRATION 200 million in 2008
  • REFUGEE AND ASYLUM SEEKERS 16 million Jan 2009
    (8)
  • IDPs (26 million) 980,000 in the region
  • Total population of concern in the region 1,3
    million

7
Sources of forced migration data
  • Administrative sources
  • Administrative data are routinely collected
    information as a by-product of the regular
    functions of an agency or institution but not
    necessarily for statistical purposes. In the
    process of its work an organization may record
    and register information related to its laws and
    procedures.
  • Examples population registers, work permit
    records, border control data.
  • Surveys
  • Household surveys (labour force surveys, LSMS,
    MICS)
  • Establishment surveys
  • Special migrant surveys - UK passenger survey
  • Censuses (population stocks)
  • Migration stocks
  • Refugee stocks
  • Stateless persons

8
METHODS DATA SOURCES
9
METHODS DATA SOURCES IN CIS COUNTRIES
10
Major admin sources for migration and asylum data
in the region
  • Border statistics (data systems and migration
    cards)
  • Population registers (e.g. Moldova)
  • Foreigners register (e.g. Russia)
  • Permits statistics (work, residence, stateless)
  • Registration of forced migration (Government or
    UNHCR registration records) e.g. KAZ, MDA, TKM
  • Naturalization statistics

11
Admin sources Pros
  • Purpose of migration
  • Flows
  • Routinely collected by potential users
  • Great potential for statistical analysis
  • Great potential for data sharing
  • Great support for evidence based policy
    development and decision making

12
Admin sources Cons
  • Maintenance
  • Updating
  • Coverage

13
Evaluation criteria for the data
  • Accuracy, reliability and validity
  • Coverage partial or comprehensive officially
    recorded only. regular and irregular migration
  • Timeliness and frequency
  • Consistency
  • whether definitions, coverage change over time.
  • Relevance and usefulness
  • Comparability across countries over time
    international standards
  • Access and transparency

14
Key challenges
  • Scope and Definitions
  • Asylum migration nexus, national vs international
  • Terminology Who is a refugee, a stateless
    person, an IDP?
  • Time, location, distance, causes
  • Main purpose not for statistics
  • Data sources and triangulation processes
  • Coverage Key information are missing
  • Register updating/deregistration
  • Sources for triangulation
  • Data collection methodologies and tools
  • Lack of coordination between different national
    agencies collecting data
  • Data quality
  • Timeliness in rapidly changing situations
  • Updating, processing and dissemination processes
    not adequate
  • Comparability, scope
  • Compliance with recommendations (UN, UNECE,
    UNHCR)
  • Human resources
  • Skills and training Data are collected routinely
    but not processed
  • Translation of findings Poor interaction between
    the users and producers of data

15
Impact of ignoring displaced persons in figures?
  • Displaced persons can be a significant share of
    the de facto population of some countries
  • Are often one of most vulnerable group of people
  • Millennium Development Goals need to include
    these groups to be achieved
  • Refugee camps never appear as official locations
    in country maps and development plans (e.g.
    refugee complex Dadaab in Kenya 4th largest
    pop. center)

16
Uses of Statistics
  • Advocacy and raising awareness
  • Results based management
  • Prioritization of interventions based on gap
    assessment and statistical trends
  • Finding durable solutions for refugees
  • Fundraising
  • Meeting special needs of certain groups

17
Good practices Country and regional networks
  • European / Asian programme on forced displacement
    and migration
  • Country level network of data producers and users
  • Regional network
  • Data exchange platform (core indicators, website,
    focal point system etc.).
  • THE MEDSTAT PROJECT

18
UNHCR AS A PARTNER
  • COMPILATION/COLLECTION OF DATA ON PERSONS OF
    CONCERN (Over 130 countries)
  • SUPPORT IN DATA COLLECTION
  • REPORTING/DATA DISSEMINATION (Online database,
    Statistical Yearbook etc.)
  • Website www.unhcr.org/statistics.html
  • Contact Stats_at_unhcr.org

19
Thank you
About PowerShow.com